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Tiie survivors of the Chancellor 

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The Northerly Breeze drives the "dancellor'* briskly across 

the Bay i 

The Passengers of the "Chancellor" 6 

The Mate 13 

In the Sea of Sargasso 25 

"Yes! there is fire on board" 34 

The men on watch noticed a slight smoke issuing from the large 

hatchway 35 

Paralyzed with terror 47 

"Fire on board! fire! fire!" ib. 

A long tongue of lambent flame that seems to encircle the 

mizenmast • 60 

Down into the fiery furnace below 61 

"This fearful night** 64 

Carried overboard with the mast 71 

We proceeded to make a kind of encampment on the poop . 74 

It is formed of blocks of basalt arranged in perfect order . . 82 

" Let us call our island Ham Rock* 85 

Sometimes we fish along the shore 87 

The sailors proceeded to hollow out a mine wherein to deposit 

the powder loi 

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Our prison-doors were opened, and we were prisoners no more ! 102 
Some of the sailors, overcome by despair, refuse to work one 

minute longer no 

All at once the ship ceased to sink 115 

An Irishman, named O'Ready 122 

A black speck floating on the dazzling whiteness of the waters . 126 
The body of the first victim of our miseries was conunitted to 

the deep 133 

Curtis tied a rope round his waist, and tried to swim to their 

assistance 135 

The raft began to make a perceptible progress under the brisk 

breeze 141 

A shoal of fish, of the Spams tribe, swarmed round the raft . 148 

"A squall! a squall!" 159 

The same wave laid*me prostrate on the platform . . .164 

Doomed, most surely doomed to die ! 170 

" Down with the Captain !" 177 

The unfortunate man rolled over the side of the raft . . .179 

I started back with a thrill of horror ! 191 

His body was thrown overboard 201 

"Ship ahoy!" 203 

"Steady! steady!" 212 

We laid ourselves down flat upon our backs . . . .216 

We struggled with each other 222 

Hobart had hanged himself 225 

He made a bound and disappeared beneath the waves . . 233 

Fierce sunbeams pierced the cloud-rifts 242 

"Will you not wait just one more day? ** 250 

"Freshwater!" 257 

Miss Herbe/s voice was heard pouring out fervent praise to 

Heaven 259 

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"You vile Indian!" 271 

A tall young Indian standing with folded arms .... 273 
She was not far wrong in her surmise that the Indian was not 

out of sight 280 

"Out of my sight!" shouted Samuel 292 

She knelt upon the flagstones and prayed for the soul of 

Martin Paz , 295 

" Nay, but we will save our country ! " 306 

"That is old Samuel's daughter" 309 

Who gave you this? ** 317 

There," said Samuel, "that's play enough" .... 324 
He stood pointing with his finger to the summits of the Cor- 
dilleras 334 

" If my son is disloyal to his brethren, I shall know how to exact 

a proper. vengeance" 337 

Neither by day nor night did the father and the lover permit 

themselves to rest 350 

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Charleston^ September 2ythy 1869. — It is high tide, and 
three o'clock in the afternoon when we leave the Battery- 
quay ; the ebb carries us ofT shore, and as Captain Huntly 
has hoisted both main and top sails, the northerly breeze 
drives the "Chancellor" briskly across the bay. Fort 
Sumter ere long is doubled, the sweeping batteries of the 
mainland on our left are soon passed, and by four o'clock 
the rapid current of the ebbing tide has carried us through 
the harbour-mouth. 

But as yet we have not reached the open sea ; we have 
still to thread our way through the narrow channels which 
the surge has hollowed out amongst the sand-banks. The 
captain takes a south-west course, rounding the lighthouse 


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at the comer of the fort ; the sails are closely trimmed ; 
the last sandy point is safely coasted, and at length, at 
seven o'clock in the evening, we are out free upon the wide 

The " Chancellor " is a fine square-rigged three-master, 
of 900 tons burden, and belongs to the wealthy Liverpool 
firm of Laird Brothers. She is two years old, is sheathed 
and secured with copper, her decks being of teak, and the 
base of all her masts, except the mizen, with all their 
fittings, being of iron. She is registered first class A i, 
and is now on her third voyage between Charleston and 
Liverpool. As she wended her way through the channels 
of Charleston harbour, it was the British flag that was 
lowered from her mast-head ; but without colours at all, no 
sailor could have hesitated for a moment in telling her 
nationality, — for English she was, and nothing but English 
from her water-line upwards to the truck of her masts. 

I must now relate how it happens that I have taken my 
passage on board the *' Chancellor " on her return voyage 
to England. 

At present there is no direct steamship service between 
South Carolina and Great Britain, and all who wish to cross 
must go either northwards to New York or southwards to 
New Orleans. It is quite true that if I had chosen to start 
from New York I might have found plenty of vessels 
belonging to English, French, or Hamburg lines, any of 

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which would have conveyed me by a rapid voyage to my 
destination ; and it is equally true that if I had selected 
New Orleans for my embarcation I could readily have 
reached Europe by one of the vessels of the National 
Steam Navigation Company, which join the French Trans- 
atlantic line of Colon and Aspinwall. But it was fated to 
be otherwise. 

One day, as I was loitering about the Charleston quays, 
my eye lighted upon this vessel. There was something 
about the " Chancellor " that pleased me, and a kind of 
involuntary impulse took me on board, where I found the 
internal arrangements perfectly comfortable. Yielding to 
the idea that a voyage in a sailing vessel had certain charms 
beyond the transit in a steamer, and reckoning that with 
wind and wave in my favour there would be little material 
difference in time ; considering, moreover, that in these low 
latitudes the weather in early autumn is fine and unbroken, 
I came to my decision, and proceeded forthwith to secure 
my passage by this route to Europe. 

Have I done right or wrong .^ Whether I shall have 
reason to regret my determination is a problem to be solved 
in the future. However, I will begin to record the incidents 
of our daily experience, dubious as I feel whether the lines 
of my chronicle will ever find a reader. 

B 2 

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September 28///. — John Silas Huntly, the captain of the 
" Chancellor/* has the reputation of being an experienced 
navigator of the Atlantic He is a Scotchman, a native of 
Dundee, and is about fifty years of age. He is of middle 
height and slight build, and has a small head,- which he 
has a habit of holding a little over his left shoulder. I do 
not pretend to be much of a physiognomist, but I am 
inclined to believe that my few hours* acquaintance with 
our captain has given me considerable insight into his 
character. That he is a good seaman and thoroughly 
understands his duties I could not for a moment venture to 
deny ; but that he is a man of resolute temperament, or 
that he possesses the amount of courage that would render 
him, physically or morally, capable of coping with any 
great emergency, I confess I cannot believe. I observe a 
certain heaviness and dejection about his whole carriage. 
His wavering glances, the listless motions of his hands, and 

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his slow, unsteady gait, all seem to me to indicate a weak 
and sluggish disposition. He does not appear as though 
he could be energetic enough ever to be stubborn ; he never 
frowns, sets his teeth, or clenches his fist. There is some- 
thing enigmatical about him ; however, I shall study him 
closely and do what I can to understand the man who, as 
commander of a vessel, should be to those around him 
" second only to God." 

Unless I am greatly mistaken there is another man on 
board who, if circumstances should require it, would take 
the more prominent position — I mean the mate. I have 
hitherto, however, had such little opportunity of observing 
his character, that I must defer saying more about him at 

Besides the captain and this mate, whose name is Robert 
Curtis, our crew consists of Walter, the lieutenant, the 
boatswain, and fourteen sailors, all English or Scotch, 
making eighteen altogether, a number quite sufficient for 
working a vessel of 900 tons burden. Up to this time 
my sole experience of their capabilities is, that under the 
command of the mate, they brought us skilfully enough 
through the narrow channels of Charleston ; and I have no 
reason to doubt but that they are well up to their work. 

My list of the ship's officials is incomplete unless I 
mention Hobart, the steward, and Jynxstrop, the negro 

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In addition to these, the "Chancellor" carries eight 
passengers, including myself. Hitherto, the bustle of em- 
basrkation, the arrangement of cabins, and all the variety 
of preparations inseparable from starting on a voyage for at 
least twenty or five-and-twenty days have precluded the 
formation of any acquaintanceships ; but the monotony of 
the voyage, the close proximity into which we must be 
thrown, and the natural curiosity to know something of 
each other's affairs, will doubtless lead us in due time to an 
interchange of ideas. Two days have elapsed and I have 
not even seen all the passengers. Probably sea-sickness 
has prevented some of them from making their appearance 
at tfie common table. One thing, however, I do know ; 
namely, that there are two ladies occupying the stern- 
cabins, the windows of which are in the aft-board of 
the vessel. 

I have seen the ship's list, and subjoin a list of the 
passengers. They are as follow : — 

Mr. and Mrs. Kear, Americans, of Buffalo. 

Miss Herbey, a young English lady, companion to 
Mrs. Kear. 

M. Letoumeur and his son Andr^, Frenchmen, of Havre. 

William Falsten, a Manchester engineer. 

John Ruby, a Cardiff merchant; and myself, J. R. 
Kazallon, of London. 

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September 29/A. — Captain Huntly's bill of lading, that 
is to say, the document that describes the *• Chancellor's " 
cargo and the conditions of transport, is couched in the 
-following terms : — 

''Bronsfield and Co,^ Agetits, Charleston. 

" I, John Silas Huntly, of Dundee, Scotland, commander 
•of the ship 'Chancellor,* of about 900 tons burden, now at 
Charleston, do purpose, by the blessing of God, at the 
earliest convenient season, and by the direct route, to sail 
for the port of Liverpool, where I shall obtain my discharge. 
I do hereby acknowledge that I have received from you, 
Messrs. Bronsfield and Co., Commission Agents, Charleston, 
and have placed the same under the gun-deck of the afore- 
said ship, seventeen hundred bales of cotton, of the 
estimated value of 26,000/., all in good condition, marked 
and numbered as in the margin ; which goods I do under- 

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take to transport to Liverpool, and there to deliver, free 
from injury (save only such injury as shall have been 
caused by the chances of the sea), to Messrs. Laird 
Brothers, or to their order, or to their representative, who 
shall on due delivery of the said freight pay me the sum of 
2000/. inclusive, according to the charter-party, and 
damages in addition, according to the usages and customs 
of the sea, 

" And for the fulfilment of the above covenant, I have 
pledged and do pledge my person, my property, and my 
interest in the vessel aforesaid, with all its appurtenances. 
In witness whereof, I have signed three agreements, all of 
the same purport, on the condition that when the terms of 
one are accomplished, »the other two shall be absolutely 
null and void. 

*' Given at Charleston, September 13th, 1869, 

"J. S. HUNTLY." 

From the foregoing document it will be understood that 
the "Chancellor" is conveying 17,000 bales of cotton to- 
Liverpool ; that the shippers are Bronsfield, of Charleston,, 
and the consignees are Laird Brothers, of Liverpool. The 
ship was constructed with the especial design of carrying 
cotton, and the entire hold, with the exception of a very 
limited space reserved for passengers' luggage, is closely 
packed with the bales. The lading was performed with. 

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the utmost care, each bale being pressed into its proper 
place by the aid of screw-jacks, so that the whole freight 
forms one solid and compact mass ; not an inch of space is 
wasted, and the vessel is thus made capable of carrying her 
full complement of cargo. 

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SepUmber 2,0th to October 6///.— The " Chancellor " is a 
rapid sailer, and more than a match for many a vessel of the 
same dimensions. She scuds along merrily in the freshen- 
ing breeze, leaving in her wake, far as the eye can reach, a 
long white line of foam as well defined as a delicate strip 
of lace stretched upon an azure ground. 

The Atlantic is not visited by many gales, and I have 
every reason to be believe that the rolling and pitching of 
the vessel no longer incommode any of the passengers, who 
are all more or less accustomed to the sea. A vacant seat 
at our table is now very rare ; we are beginning to know 
something about each other, and our daily life, in con- 
sequence, is becoming somewhat less monotonous. 

M. Letourneur, our French fellow-passenger, often has a 
chat with me. He is a fine tall man, about fifty years of 
age, with white hair and a grizzly beard. To say the truth, 
he looks older than he really is: his drooping head, his 

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dejected manner, and his eye, ever and again suffused with 
tears, indicate that he is haunted by some deep and 
abiding sorrow. He never laughs ; he rarely even smiles, 
and then only on his son: his countenance ordinarily 
bearing a look of bitterness tempered by affection. While 
his general expression is one of caressing tenderness. It 
excites an involuntary commiseration to learn that 
M. Letourneur is consuming himself by exaggerated 
reproaches on account of the infirmity of an afflicted 

Andr6 Letourneur is about twenty years of age, with a 
gentle, interesting countenance, but, to the irrepressible 
grief of his father, is a hopeless cripple. His left leg is 
miserably deformed, and he is quite unable to walk without 
the assistance of a stick. It is obvious that the father's 
life is bound up with that of his son; his devotion is 
unceasing ; every thought, every glance is for Andr6 ; he 
seems to anticipate his most trifling wish, watches his 
slightest movement, and his arm is ever ready to support 
or otherwise assist the child whose sufferings he more than 

M. Letourneur seems to have taken a peculiar fancy to 
myself, and constantly talks about Andr6. This morning, 
in the course of conversation, I said, — 

"You have a good son, M. Letourneur. I have just 
been talking to him. He is a most intelligent young man." 

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"Yes, Mr. Kazallon," replied M. Letourneur, brightening 
up into a smile, "his afflicted frame contains a noble mind. 
He is like his mother, who died at his birth." 
' " He is full of reverence and love for you, sir," I 

" Dear boy ! " muttered the father half to himself. " Ah, 
Mr. Kazallon," he continued, " you do not know what it is 
to a father to have a son a cripple, beyond hope of cure." 

"M. Letourneur," I answered, "you take more than 
your share of the affliction which has fallen upon you and 
your son. That M. Andr^ is entitled to the very greatest 
commiseration no one can deny ; but you should remember, 
that after all a physical infirmity is not so hard to bear as 
mental grief. Now, I have watched your son pretty 
closely, and unless I am much mistaken there is nothing 
that troubles him so much as the sight of your own 

" But I never let him see it," he broke in hastily. " My 
sole thought is how to divert him. I have discovered, that 
in spite of his physical weakness, he delights in travelling ; 
so for the last few years we have been constantly on the 
move. We first went all over Europe, and are now return- 
ing from visiting the principal places in the United States. 
I never allowed my son to go to college, but instructed 
him entirely myself, and these travels, I hope, will serve to 
complete his education. He is very intelligent, and has a 

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lively imagination, and I am sometimes tempted to hope 
that in contemplating the wonders of nature he forgets his 
own infirmity." 
. " Yes, sir, of course he does," I assented. 

"But," continued M. Letourneur, taking my hand, 
•*' although, perhaps, he may forget, / can never forget. 
Ah, sir, do you suppose that Andr6 can ever forgive his 
parents for bringing him into the world a cripple?" 

The remorse of the unhappy father was very distressing, 
and I was about to say a few kind words of sympathy 
when Andr6 himself made his appearance. M. Letourneur 
hastened toward him and assisted him up the few steep 
steps that led to the poop. 

As soon as Andre was comfortably seated on one of the 
benches, and his father had taken his place by his side, I 
joined them, and we fell into conversation upon ordinary 
topics, discussing the various points of the '' Chancellor," 
the probable length of the passage, and the different 
details of our life on board. I find that M. Letourneur's 
estimate of Captain Huntly's character very much coin- 
-cided with my own, and that, like me, he is impressed with 
the man's undecided manner and sluggish appearance. 
Like me, too, he has formed a very favourable opinion of 
Robert Curtis, the mate, a man of about thirty years of 
age, of great muscular power, with a frame and a will 
that seem ever ready for action. 

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Whilst we were still talking of him, Curtis himself came 
on deck, and as I watched his movements I could not help 
being struck with his physical development ; his erect and 
easy carriage, his fearless glance and slightly contracted 
brow all betokened a man of energy, thoroughly endowed 
with the calmness and courage that are indispensable to 
the true sailor. He seems a kind-hearted fellow, too, and 
is always ready to assist and amuse young Letoumeur, 
who evidently enjoys his company. After he had scanned 
the weather and examined the trim of the sails, he joined 
our party and proceeded to give us some information 
about those of our fellow-passengers with whom at present 
we have made but slight acquaintance. 

Mr. Kear, the American, who is accompanied by his 
wife, has made a large fortune in the petroleum springs in 
the United States. He is a man of about fifty, a most 
uninteresting companion, being overwhelmed with a sense 
of his own wealth and importance, and consequently 
supremely indifferent to all around him. His hands are 
always in his pockets, and the chink of money seems to 
follow him wherever he goes. Vain and conceited, a fool 
as well as an egotist, he struts about like a peacock 
showing its plumage, and to borrow the words of the 
physiognomist Gratiolet, " il se flaire, il se savoure, il se 
goflte." Why he should have taken his passage on board 
a mere merchant vessel instead of enjoying the luxuries of 

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a Transatlantic steamer, I am altogether at a loss to 

The wife is an insignificant, insipid woman, of about 
forty years of age. She never reads, never talks, and I 
believe I am not wrong in saying, never thinks. She seems 
to look without seeing, and listen without hearing, and 
her sole occupation consists in giving her orders to her 
companion, Miss Herbey, a young English girl of about 

Miss Herbey is extremely pretty. Her complexion is 
fair and her eyes deep blue, whilst her pleasing coun- 
tenance is altogether free from that insignificance of 
feature which is not unfrequently alleged to be character- 
istic of English beauty. Her mouth would be charming 
if she ever smiled, but exposed as she is to the ridiculous 
whims and fancies of a capricious mistress, her lips rarely 
relax from their ordinary grave expression. Yet humili- 
ating as her position must be, she never utters a word of 
open complaint, but quietly and gracefully performs her 
duties, accepting without a murmur the paltry salary 
which the bumptious petroleum-merchant condescends to 
allow her. 

The Manchester engineer, William Falsten, looks like 
a thorough Englishman. He has the management of some 
extensive hydraulic works in South Carolina, and is now 
on his way to Europe to obtain some improved apparatus. 

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and more especially to visit the mines worked by centri- 
fugal force, belonging to the firm of Messrs. Cail. He is 
forty-five years of age, with all his interests so entirely 
absorbed by his machinery that he seems to have neither 
a thought nor a care beyond his mechanical calculations. 
Once let him engage you in conversation, and there is no 
chance of escape ; you have no help for it but to listen as 
patiently as you can until he has completed the explana- 
tion of his designs. 

The last of our fellow-passengers, Mr. Ruby, is the type 
of a vulgar tradesman. Without any originality or magna- 
nimity in his composition, he has spent twenty years of 
his life in mere buying and selling, and as he has generally 
contrived to do business at a profit, he has realized a con- 
siderable fortune. What he is going to do with the money, 
he does not seem able to say : his ideas do not go beyond 
retail trade, his mind having been so long closed to all 
other impressions that it appears incapable of thought or 
reflection on any subject besides. Pascal says, " L 'homme 
est visiblement fait pour penser. C'est toute sa dignity et 
tout son mdrite ;" but to Mr. Ruby the phrase seems alto- 
gether inapplicable. 

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October jth. — This is the tenth day since we left Charles- 
ton, and I should think our progress has been very rapid. 
Robert Curtis, the mate, with whom I continue to have 
many a friendly chat, informed me that we could not be 
far off Cape Hatteras in the Bermudas; the ship's bearings, 
he said were lat 32° 20' N. and long. 64° 50' W., so that he 
had every reason to believe that we should sight St George's 
Island before night. 

" The Bermudas ! " I exclaimed. " But how is it we are 
off the Bermudas ? I should have thought that a vessel 
sailing from Charleston to Liverpool, would have kept 
northwards, and have followed the track of the Gulf 

"Yes, indeed, sir/' replied Curtis, "that is the usual 
course ; but you see that this time the captain hasn't chosen 
to take it." 

" But why not ? " I persisted. 


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" That's not for me to say, sir ; he ordered us eastwards, 
and eastwards we go." 

" Haven't you called his attention to it ? " I inquired. 

Curtis acknowledged that he had already pointed out 
what an unusual route they were taking, but that the 
captain had said that he was quite aware what he was 
about. The mate made no further remark ; but the knit 
of his brow, as he passed his hand mechanically across his 
forehead, made me fancy that he was inclined to speak out 
more strongly. 

" All very well, Curtis," I said, " but I don't know what 
to think about trying new routes. Here we are at the 
7th of October, and if we are to reach Europe before the 
bad weather sets in, I should suppose there is not a day to 
be lost" 

'^ Right, sir, quite right ; there is not a day to be lost." 

Struck by his manner, I ventured to add, "Do you 
mind, Mr. Curtis, giving me your honest opinion of Captain 

He hesitated a moment, and then replied shortly, " He is 
my captain, sir." 

This evasive answer of course put an end to any further 
interrogation on my part, but it only set me thinking the 

Curtis was not mistaken. At about three o'clock the 
look-out man sung out that there was land to windward. 

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and descried what seemed as if it might be a line of smoke 
in the north-east horizon. At six, I went on deck with 
Mr. Letoumeur and his son, and we could then distinctly 
-make out the low group of the Bermudas, encircled by 
their formidable chain of breakers. 

"There," said Andre Letourneur to me, as we stood 
gazing at the distant land," there lies the enchanted Archi- 
pelago, sung by your poet Moore. The exile Waller, too, 
as long ago as 1643, wrote an enthusiastic panegyric on the 
islands, and I have been told that at one time English 
ladies would wear no other bonnets than such as were made 
of the leaves of the Bermuda palm." 

" Yes," I replied, " the Bermudas were all the rage in the 
seventeenth century, although latterly they have fallen into 
comparative oblivion," 

" But let me tell you, M. Andr^," interposed Curtis, who 
had as usual joined our party, " that although poets may 
rave, and be as enthusiastic as they like about these islands, 
sailors will tell a different tale. The hidden reefs that lie 
in a semicircle about two or three leagues from shore make 
the attempt to land a very dangerous piece of business. 
And another thing, I know. Let the natives boast as 
they will about their splendid climate, they are visited by 
the most frightful hurricanes. They get the fag-end of the 
storms that rage over the Antilles ; and the fag-end of a 
storm is like the tail oC a whale ; it's just the strongest bit 

C 2 

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of it. I don't think you'll find a sailor listening much to 
your poets, — your Moores, and your Wallers." 

*'No doubt you are right, Mr. Curtis," said Andr6, 
smiling, "but poets are like proverbs; you can always 
find one to contradict another. Although Waller and 
Moore have chosen to sing the praises of the Bermudas, 
it has been supposed that Shakspeare was depicting 
them in the terrible scenes that are found in *The 
Tempest.* " 

The whole vicinity of these islands is beyond a question 
extremely perilous to mariners. Situated between the 
Antilles and Nova Scotia, the Bermudas have ever since 
their discovery belonged to the English, who have mainly 
used them for a military station. But this little archi- 
pelago, comprising some hundred and fifty different isles 
and islets, is destined to increase, and that, perhaps, on a 
larger scale than has yet been anticipated. Beneath the 
waves there are madrepores, in infinity of number, silently 
but ceaselessly pursuing their labours; and with time, 
that fundamental element in nature's workings, who 
shall tell whether these may not gradually build up island 
after island, which shall unite and form another con- 
tinent ? 

I may mention that there was not another of our fellow- 
passengers who took the trouble to come on deck and give 
a glance at this strange cluster of islands. Miss Herbey^ 

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it IS true, was making an attempt to join us, but she had 
barely reached the poop, when Mrs. Kear's languid voice 
was heard recalling her for some trifling service to her 

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October %th to October 13///. — The wind is blowing hard 
from the ncrth-east, and the " Chancellor " under low-reefed 
top-sail and fore-sail, and labouring against a heavy sea^ 
has been obliged to be brought ahull. The joists and 
girders all creak again until one's teeth are set on edge. I 
am the only passenger not remaining below ; but I prefer 
being on deck notwithstanding the driving rain, fine as dust^ 
which penetrates to my very skin. We have been driven 
along in this fashion for the best part of two days ; the 
*' stiffish breeze " has gradually freshened into " a gale ;" the 
top-gallants have been lowered, and, as I write, the wind is 
blowing with a velocity of fifty or sixty miles an hour. 
Although the " Chancellor " has many good points, her drift 
is considerable, and we have been carried far to the south ; 
we can only guess at our precise position, as the cloudy 
atmosphere entirely precludes us from taking the sun's 

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All along, throughout this period, my fellow-passengers 
are totally ignorant of the extraordinary course that we are 
taking. England lies to the north-east^ yet we are sailing 
directly south-east^ and Robert Curtis owns that he is quite 
bewildered ; he cannot comprehend why the captain, ever 
since this north-easterly gale has been blowing, should 
persist in allowing the ship to drive to the south, instead 
of tacking to the north-west until she gets into better 

I was alone with Curtis to-day upon the poop, and could 
not help saying to him " Curtis, is your captain mad ?'* 

"Perhaps, sir, I might be allowed to ask what^^// think 
upon that matter," was his cautious reply. 

"Well, to say the truth," I answered, ** I can hardly tell ; 
but I confess there is every now and then a wandering in 
his eye, and an odd look on his face that I do not like. 
Have you ever sailed with him before?" 

" No ; this is our first voyage together. Again last night 
I spoke to him about the route we were taking, but he only 
said he knew all about, it, and that it was all right." 

" What do Lieutenant Walter and your boatswain think 
of it all?" I inquired. 

" Think ; why they think just the same as I do," replied 
the mate ; " but if the captain chooses to take the ship to 
China we should obey his orders." 

"But surely," I exclaimed, "there must be some limit to 

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your obedience ! Suppose the man is actually mad, what 

" If he should be mad enough, Mr. Kazallon, to bring 
the vessel into any real danger, I shall know what to do." 

With this assurance I am forced to be content Matters, 
however, have taken a different turn to what I bargained 
for when I took my passage on board the " Chancellor." 
The weather has become worse and worse. As I have 
already said, the ship under her large low- reefed top-sail 
and fore stay-sail has been brought ahull, that is to say, 
she copes directly with the wind, by presenting her broad 
bows to the sea ; and so we go on still drift, drift, con- 
tinually to the south. 

How southerly our course has been is very apparent ; 
for upon the night of the nth we fairly entered upon that 
portion of the Atlantic which is known as the Sargassos 
Sea. An extensive tract of water is this, enclosed by the 
warm current of the Gulf Stream, and thickly covered with 
the wrack, called by the Spaniards "sargasso," the 
abundance of which so seriously Impeded the progress of 
Columbus's vessels on his first voyage across the ocean. 

Each morning at daybreak the Atlantic has presented 
an aspect so remarkable, that at my solicitation, M. 
Letourneur and his son have ventured upon deck to witness 
the unusual spectacle. The squally gusts make the metal 
shrouds vibrate like harp-strings ; and unless we were on 

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Paft a5. 

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our guard to keep our clothes wrapped tightly to us, they 
would have been torn oflf our backs in shreds. The scene 
presented to our eyes is one of strangest interest. The sea, 
carpeted thickly with masses of prolific fucus, fs a vast 
unbroken plain of vegetation, through which the vessel 
makes her way as a plough. Long strips of seaweed 
caught up by the wind become entangled in the rigging, 
and hang between the masts in festoons of verdure ; whilst 
others, varying from two to three hundred feet in length, 
twine themselves up to the very mast-heads, from whence 
they float like streaming pendants. For many hours now, 
the "Chancellor" has been contending with this formidable 
accumulation of algae ; her masts are circled with hydro- 
phytes ; her rigging is wreathed everywhere with creepers, 
fantastic as the untrammelled tendrils of a vine, and as she 
works her arduous course, there are times when I can only 
compare her to an animated grove of verdure making its 
mysterious way over some illimitable prairie. 

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October \^th. — At last we are free from the sea of 
vegetation, the boisterous gale has moderated into a steady- 
breeze, the sun is shining brightly, the weather is warm 
and genial, and thus, two reefs in her top-sails, briskly and 
merrily sails the " Chancellor." 

Under conditions so favourable, we have been able to 
take the ship's bearings : our latitude, we find, is 21° 33' N., 
our longitude, so*" \f W. 

Incomprehensible altogether is the conduct of Captain 
Huntly. Here we are, already more than ten degrees south 
of the point from which we started, and yet still we are 
persistently following a south-easterly course! I cannot 
bring myself to the conclusion that the man is mad. I 
have had various conversations with him : he has always 
spoken rationally and sensibly. He shows no tokens of 
insanity. Perhaps his case is one of those in which insanity 
is partial, and where the mania is of a character which 

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extends only to the matters connected with his profession. 
Yet it is unaccountable. 

I can get nothing out of Curtis ; he listens coldly when- 
ever I allude to the subject, and only repeats what he has 
said before, that nothing short of an overt act of madness on 
the part of the captain could induce him to supersede the 
captain's authority, and that the imminent peril of the ship 
could alone justify him in taking so decided a measure. 

Last evening I went to my cabin about eight o'clock^ 
and after an hour's reading by the light of my cabin-lamp, 
I retired to my berth and was soon asleep. Some hours 
later I was aroused by an unaccustomed noise on deck. 
There were heavy footsteps hurrying to and fro, and the 
voices of the men were loud and eager, as if the crew were 
agitated by some strange disturbance. My first impression 
was, that some tacking had been ordered which rendered 
it needful to fathom the yards ; but the vessel continuing 
to lie to starboard convinced me that this was not the 
origin of the commotion. I was curious to know the truths 
and made all haste I could to go on deck ; but before I 
was ready, the noise had ceased. I heard Captain Huntly 
return to his cabin, and accordingly I retired again to my 
own berth. Whatever may have been the meaning of the 
manoeuvre, I cannot tell ; it did not seem to have 
resulted in any improvement in the ship's pace ; still it 
must be owned there wsrs not much wind to speed us along. 

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At six o'clock this morning I mounted the poop and 
made as keen a scrutiny as I could of everything on board. 
Everything appeared as usual. The *' Chancellor " was 
running on the larboard tack, and carried low-sails, top- 
sails, and gallant-sails. Well braced she was ; and under 
a fresh, but not uneasy breeze, was making no less than 
eleven knots an hour. 

Shortly afterwards M. Letourneur and Andr^ came on 
deck. The young man enjoyed the early morning air, 
laden with its briny fragrance, and I assisted him to mount 
the poop. In answer to my inquiry as to whether they 
had been disturbed by any bustle in the night, Andr6 
replied that he did not wake at all, and had heard 

"I am glad, my boy," said his father, that you have 
slept so soundly. I heard the noise of which Mr. Kazallon 
speaks. It must have been about three o'clock this 
morning, and it seemed to me as though they were 
shouting. I thought I heard them say, ' Here, quick, look 
to the hatches !' but as nobody was called up, I presumed 
that nothing serious was the matter." 

As he spoke I cast my eye at the panel-slides, which 
fore and aft of the main-mast open into the hold. They 
seemed to be all close as usual, but I now observed for the 
first time that they were covered with heavy tarpauling. 
Wondering in my own mind what could be the reason for 

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these extra precautions I did not say anything to M. Le- 
toumeur, but determined to wait until the mate should 
come on watch, when he would doubtless give me, I 
thought, an explanation of the mystery. 

The sun rose gloriously, with every promise of a fine dry 
day. The waning moon was yet above the western horizon, 
for as it still wants three days to her last quarter she does 
not set until 10.57 ^-^^ On consulting my almanac, I 
find that there will be a new moon on the 24th, and that on 
that day, little as it may affect us here in mid ocean, the 
phenomenon of the high sygyzian tides will take place on 
the shores of every continent and island. 

At the breakfast hour M. Letourneur and Andr6 went 
below for a cup of tea, and I remained on the poop alone. 
As I expected, Curtis appeared, that he might relieve 
Lieutenant Walter of the watch. I advanced to meet him, 
but before he even wished me good morning, I saw him 
cast a quick and searching glance upon the deck, and then, 
with a slightly contracted brow, proceed to examine the 
state of the weather and the trim of the sails. 

"Where is Captain Huntly?" he said to Walter. 

" I have seen nothing of him," answered the lieutenant ; 
"is there anything fresh up ?" 

" Nothing whatever," was the curt reply. 

They then conversed for a few moments in an under- 
tone, and I could see that Walter by his gesture gave 

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a negative answer to some question which the mate had 
asked him. " Send me the boatswain, Walter," said Curtis 
aloud as the lieutenant moved away. 

The boatswain immediately appeared, and another con- 
versation was carried on in whispers. The man repeatedly 
shook his head as he replied to Curtis's inquiries, and then, 
in obedience to orders, called the men who were on watch, 
and made them plentifully water the tarpauling that 
covered the great hatchway. 

Curious to fathom the mystery I went up to Curtis and 
began to talk to him upon ordinary topics, hoping that he 
would himself introduce the subject that was uppermost in 
my mind ; finding, however, that he did not allude to it, I 
asked him point blank. 

"What was the matter in the night, Curtis.^" 

He looked at me steadily, but made no reply. 

"What was it?" I repeated. "M. Letourneur and 
myself were both of us disturbed by a very unusual com- 
motion overhead." 

" Oh, a mere nothing," he said at length ; " the man at 
the helm had made a false move, and we had to pipe hands 
to brace the ship a bit ; but it was soon all put to rights. 
It was nothing, nothing at all." 

I said no more ; but I cannot resist the impression that 
Robert Curtis has not acted with me in his usual straight- 
forward manner. 

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October ist/i to October iZtk—Th^ wind is still in the 
north-east. Thdre is no change in the " Chancellor's " 
course, and to an unprejudiced eye all would appear to be 
going on as usual. But I have an uneasy consciousness 
that something is not quite right. Why should the hatch- 
ways be so hermetically closed as though a mutinous crew 
was imprisoned between decks ? I cannot help thinking 
too that there is something in the sailors so constantly 
standing in groups and breaking off their talk so suddenly 
whenever we approach ; and several times I have caught 
the word "hatches" which arrested M. Letourneur's atten- 
tion on the night of the disturbance. 

On the 1 5 th, while I was walking on the forecastle, I 

overheard one of the sailors, a man named Owen say to his 


" Now I just give you all warning that I am not going 

to wait until the last minute. Every one for himself, 

say I." 

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" Why, what do you mean to do ? " asked Jynxstrop, the 

'* Pshaw ! " said Owen, " do you suppose that longboats 
were only made for porpoises ?" 

Something at that moment occurred to interrupt the con- 
versation, and I heard no more. It occurred to me whether 
there was not some conspiracy among the crew, of which 
probably Curtis had already detected the symptoms. I 
am quite aware that some sailors are most rebelliously 
disposed, and require to be ruled with a rod of iron. 

Yesterday and to-day I have observed Curtis remonstrat- 
ing somewhat vehemently with Captain Huntly, but there 
is no obvious result arising from their interviews ; the 
Captain apparently being bent upon some purpose, of 
which it is only too manifest that the mate decidedly 

Captain Huntly is undoubtedly labouring under strong 
nervous excitement ; and M. Letourneur has more than 
once remarked how silent he has become at meal-times ; 
for although Curtis continually endeavours to start some 
subject of general interest, yet neither Mr. Falsten, Mr. 
Kear, nor Mr. Ruby are the men to take it up, and conse- 
quently the conversation flags hopelessly, and soon drops. 
The passengers too are now, with good cause, beginning to 
murmur at the length of the voyage, and Mr. Kear, who 
considers that the very elements ought to yield to his con- 

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lenience, lets the captain know by his consequential and 
"haughty manner that he holds him responsible for the 

During the course of yesterday the mate gave repeated 
orders for the deck to be watered again and again, and 
although as a general rule this is a business which is done, 
once for all, in the early morning, the crew did not utter a 
^ord of complaint at the additional work thus imposed 
upon them. The tarpaulins on the hatches have thus been 
Tcept continually wet, so that their close and heavy tex- 
ture is rendered quite impervious to the air. The " Chan- 
cellor's " pumps afford a copious supply of water, so that I 
^should not suppose that even the daintiest and most luxu- 
rious craft belonging to an aristocratic yacht-club was ever 
subject to a more thorough scouring. I tried to reconcile 
myself to the belief that it was the high temperature of the 
tropical regions upon which we are entering, that rendered 
;such extra sousings a necessity, and recalled to my recol- 
lection how, during the night of the 13th, I had found the 
atmosphere below deck so stifling, that in spite of the heavy 
swell I was obliged to open the porthole of my cabin, on 
the starboard side, to get a breath of air. 

This morning at daybreak I went on deck. The sun 
liad scarcely risen, and the air was fresh and cool, in strange 
contrast to the heat which below the poop had been quite 
oppressive. The sailors as usual were washing the deck. 


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A great sheet of water, supplied continuously by the pumps, 
was rolling in tiny wavelets, and escaping now to star- 
board, now to larboard through the scupper-holes. After 
watching the men for a while as they ran about bare- 
footed, I could not resist the desire to join them, so taking 
off my shoes and stockings, I proceeded to dabble in the 
flowing water. 

Great was my amazement to find the deck perfectly hot 
to my feet! Curtis heard my exclamation of surprise,, 
and before I could put my thoughts into words, said, — 

" Yes ! there is fire on board !" 

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•'yes! there is fire on board." 

Pare 34* 

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October igth. — Ever}'thing, then, is clear. The uneasi- 
ness of the crew, their frequent conferences, Owen's 
mysterious words, the constant scourings of the deck and 
the oppressive heat of the cabins which had been noticed 
even by my fellow-passengers, all are explained. 

After his grave communication, Curtis remained silent. 
I shivered with a thrill of horror; a calamity the most 
terrible that can befall a voyager stared me in the face, 
and it was some seconds before I could recover sufficient 
composure to inquire when the fire was first discovered 

" Six days ago," replied the mate. 

" Six days ago !" I exclaimed ; "why, then,' it was that 

"Yes," he said, interrupting me; "it was the night 
you heard the disturbance upon deck. The men bn watch 
noticed a slight smoke issuing from the large hatchway 
and immediately called Captain Huntly and myself We 

D 2 

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found beyond all doubt, that the cargo was on fire, and 
what was worse, that there was no possibility of getting at 
the seat of the combustion. What could we do ? Why ; 
we took the only precaution that was practicable under 
the circumstances, and resolved most carefully to exclude 
every breath of air from penetrating into the hold. For 
some time I hoped that we had been successful. I thought 
that' the fire was stifled ; but during the last three days 
there is every reason to make us know that it has been 
gaining strength. Do what we will, the deck gets hotter 
and hotter, and unless it were kept constantly wet, it would 
be unbearable to the feet. But I am glad, Mr. Kazallon,'^ 
he added; "that you have made the discovery. It is 
better that you should know it" 

I listened in silence. I was now fiiUy aroused to the 
gravity of the situation and thoroughly comprehended how 
we were in the very face of a calamity which it seemed 
that no human power could avert. 

''Do you know what has caused the fire ?" I presently 

" It probably aro^e," he answered, " from the sponta- 
neous combustion of the cotton. The case is rare, but it 
is far from unknown. Unless the cotton is perfectly dry 
when it is shipped, its confinement in a damp or ill-venti- 
lated hold will sometimes cause it to ignite ; and I have no 
doubt it is this that has brought about our misfortune." * 

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"But after all," I said, "the cause matters very little. 
Is there no reipedy ? Is there nothing to be done ?" 

Nothing, Mr. Kazallon," he said. "As I told you 
before, we have adopted the only possible measure within 
our power to check the fire. At one time I thought of 
knocking a hole in the ship's timbers just on her water- 
line, and letting in just as much water as the pumps could 
afterwards get rid of again ; but we found the combustion 
was right in the middle of the cargo and that we should be 
obliged to flood the entire hold before we could get at the 
right place. That scheme consequently was no good. 
During the night, I had the deck bored in various places 
and water poured down through the holes; but that 
again seemed all of no use. There is only one thing that 
can be done ; we must persevere in excluding most care- 
fully every breath of outer air, so that perhaps the con- 
flagration deprived of oxygen may smoulder itself out 
That is our only hope." 

" But, you say the fire is increasing ?" 

"Yes; and that shows that in spite of all our care 
there is some aperture which we have not been able to 
discover, by which, somehow or other, air gets into the 

" Have you ever heard of a vessel surviving such circum- 
stances?" I asked. 

" Yes, Mr. Kazallon," said Curtis ; " it is not at all an 

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unusual thing for ships laden with cotton to arrive at 
Liverpool or Havre with a portion of their cargo con- 
sumed ; and I have myself known more than one captain 
run into port with his deck scorching his very feet, and 
who, to save his vessel and the remainder of his freight 
lias been compelled to unload with the utmost expedition. 
But, in such cases, of course the fire has been more or 
less under control throughout the voyage; with us, it 
is increasing day by day, and I tell you I am convinced 
there is an aperture somewhere which has escaped our 

** But would it not be advisable for us to retrace our 
course, and make for the nearest land ?" 

" Perhaps it would," he answered. " Walter and I, and 
the boatswain, are going to talk the matter over seriously 
with the captain to-day. But, between ourselves, I have 
taken the responsibility upon myself; I have already 
changed the tack to the south-west ; we are now straight 
before the wind, and consequently we are sailing towards 
the coast" 

" I need hardly ask," I added ; " whether any of the 
other passei^ers are at all aware of the imminent danger 
in which we are placed." 

" None of them," he said ; " not in the least ; and I 
hope you will not enlighten them. We don't want terrified 
women and cowardly men to add to our embarrassment ; 

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the crew are under orders to keep a strict silence on the 
subject. Silence is indispensable." 

I promised to keep the matter a profound secret, as I 
fully entered into Curtis's views as to the absolute necessity 
for concealment. 

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October 20th and 21st, — ^The "Chancellor" is no\r 
crowded with all the canvas she can carry, and at times- 
her top-masts threaten to snap with the pressure. But 
Curtis is ever on the alert ; he never leaves his post beside 
the man at the helm, and without compromising the 
safety of the vessel, he contrives by tacking to the breeze,, 
to urge her on at her utmost speed. 

All day long on the 20th, the passengers were assembled 
on the poop. Evidently they found the heat of the cabins- 
painfully oppressive, and most of them lay stretched upoa 
benches and quietly enjoyed the gentle rolling of the 
vessel. The increasing heat of the deck did not reveal 
itself to their well-shod feet and the constant scouring of 
the boards did not excite any suspicion in their torpid 
minds. M. Letourneur, it is true, did express his surprise 
that the crew of an ordinary merchant vessel should be 
distinguished by such extraordinary cleanliness, but as I 

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replied to him in a very casual tone, he passed no further 
remark. I could not help regretting that I had given 
Curtis my pledge of silence, and longed intensely to 
communicate the melancholy secret to the energetic 
Frenchman ; for at times when I reflect upon the eight- 
and-twenty victims who may probably, only too soon, be 
a prey to the relentless flames, my heart seems ready to 

The important consultation between captain, mate, 
lieutenant, and boatswain has taken place. Curtis has 
confided the result to me. He says that Huntly, the 
captain, is completely demoralized ; he has lost all power 
and energy ; and practically leaves the command of the 
ship to him. It is now certain the fire is beyond control, 
and that sooner or later it will burst out in full violence. 
The temperature of the crew's quarters has already become 
almost unbearable. One solitary hope remained ; it is 
that we may reach the shore before the final catastrophe 
occurs. The Lesser Antilles are the nearest land ; and 
although they are some five or six hundred miles away, if 
the wind remains north-east there is yet a chance of reach- 
ing them in time. 

Carrying royals and studding-sails, the "Chancellor" 
during the last four-and-twenty hours has held a steady 
course. M. Letourneur is the only one of all the passengers 
who has remarked the change of tack ; Curtis, however, 

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has set all speculation on his part to rest by telling him 
that he wanted to get ahead of the wind, and that he was 
tacking to the west to catch a favourable current. 

To-day, the 2ist, all has gone on as usual ; and as far as 
the observation of the passengers has reached, the ordinary 
routine has been undisturbed. Curtis indulges the hope 
.•even yet that by excluding the air, the fire may be stifled 
before it ignites the general cargo ; he has hermetically 
•closed every accessible aperture, and has even taken the 
precaution of plugging the orifices of the pumps, under the 
impression that their suction-tubes, running as they do to 
the bottom of the hold, mky possibly be channels for con- 
veying some molecules of air. Altogether, he considers it 
a good sign that the combustion has not betrayed itself by 
5ome external issue of smoke. 

The day would have passed without any incident worth 
recording if I had not chanced to overhear a fragment of 
a conversation which demonstrated that our situation 
hitherto precarious enough, had now become most 

As I was sitting on the poop, two of my fellow- 
passengers^ Falsten, the engineer, and Ruby, the merchant, 
whom I had observed to be often in company, were engaged 
in conversation almost close to me. What they said was 
evidently not intended for my hearing, but my attention 
was directed towards them by some very emphatic gestures 

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of dissatisfaction on the part of Falsten, and I could not 
forbear listening to what followed. 

** Preposterous ! shameful !" exclaimed Falsten; "nothing 
could be more imprudent." 

"Pooh! pooh! "replied Ruby; "it's all right ; it is not 
the first time I have done it." 

" But don't you know that any shock at any time might 
cause an explosion ? " 

"Oh, it's all properly secured," said Ruby, "tight 
enough ; I have no fears on that score, Mr. Falsten." 

"But why," asked Falsten, "did you not inform the 
captain ? " 

" Just because if I had informed him, he would not have 
taken the case on board." 

The wind dropped for a few seconds ; and for a brief 
interval I could not catch what passed ; but I could see 
that Falsten continued to remonstrate, whilst Ruby 
answered by shrugging his shoulders. At length I heard 
Falsten say, — 

" Well, at any rate the captain must be informed of this, 
and the package shall be thrown overboard. I don't want 
to be blown up." 

I started. To what could the engineer be alluding? 
Evidently he had not the remotest suspicion that the cargo 
was already on fire. In another moment the words "picrate 
of potash" brought me to my feet, and with an involuntary 

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impulse I rushed up to Ruby, and seized him by the 

**Is there picrate of potash on board?" I almost 

" Yes," said Falsten, '* a case containing thirty pounds." 

"Where is it.? "I cried 

" Down in the hold, with the cargo." 

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What my feelings were I cannot describe^ but it was 
hardly in terror so much as with a kind of resignation that 
I made my way to Curtis on the forecastle, and made him 
aware that the alarming character of our situation was now 
complete, as there was enough explosive matter on board to 
blow up a mountain! Curtis received the information as 
•coolly as it was delivered, and after I had made him 
acquainted with all the particulars said, — 

" Not a word of this must be mentioned to any one else, 
Mr. Kazallon. Where is Ruby now ? ** 

" On the poop," I said 

" Will you then come with me, sir?" 

Ruby and Falsten were sitting just as I had left them. 
Curtis walked straight up to Ruby, and asked him whether 
what he had been told was true. 

"Yes, quite true," said Ruby, complacently, thinking 
that the worst that could befall him would be that he might 
be convicted of a little smuggling. 

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I observed that Curtis was obliged for a moment or two 
to clasp his hands tightly together behind his back to 
prevent hiniself from seizing the unfortunate passenger by 
the throat ; but suppressing his indignation, he proceeded 
quietly, though sternly, to interrogate him about the facts 
of the case. Ruby only confirmed what I had already told 
him. With characteristic Anglo-Saxon incautiousness he 
had brought on board with the rest of his baggage, a case 
containing no less than thirty pounds of picrate, and had 
allowed the explosive matter to be stowed in the hold with 
as little compunction as a Frenchman would feel in smug- 
gling a single bottle of wine. He had not informed the 
captain of the dangerous nature of the contents of the 
package, because he was perfectly aware that he would 
have been refused permission to bring the package on 

"Any way,** he said, with a shrug of his shoulders, "you 
can't hang me for it ; and if the package gives you so much 
concern, you are quite at liberty to throw it into the sea» 
My luggage is insured." 

I was beside myself with fury, and not being endowed 
with Curtis's reticence and self-control, before he could 
interfere to stop me, I cried out, — 

" You fool ! don't you know that there is fire on board ?" 

In an instant I regretted my words. Most earnestly I 
wished them unuttered. But it was too late : their effect 

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upon Ruby was electrical. He was paralyzed with terror ;. 
his limbs stiffened convulsively ; his eye was dilated ; he 
gasped for breath, and was speechless. All of a sudden 
he threw up his arms and, as though he momentarily 
expected an explosion, he darted down from the poop, and 
paced franticly up and down the deck, gesticulating like a 
madman, and shouting, — 

" Fire on board ! Fire ! Fire ! " 

On hearing the outcry, all the crew, supposing that the 
fire had now in reality broken out, rushed on deck ; the rest 
of the passengers soon joined them, and the scene that 
ensued was one of the utmost confusion. Mrs. Kear fell 
down senseless on the deck, and her husband, occupied in 
looking after himself, left her to the tender mercies of Miss 
Herbey. Curtis endeavoured to silence Ruby's ravings, 
whilst I, in as few words as I could, made M. Letoumour 
aware of the extent to which the cargo was oh fire. The 
father's first thought was for Andr^ but the young man 
preserved an admirable composure, and begged his father 
not to be alarmed, as the danger was not immediate. 
Meanwhile the sailors had loosened all the tacklings of the 
long-boat, and were preparing to launch it, when Curtis's 
voice was heard peremptorily bidding them to desist ; he 
assured them that the fire had made no further progress ; 
that Mr. Ruby had been unduly excited and not conscious 
of what he had said ; and he pledged his word that when 

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the right moment should arrive he would allow them all to 
leave the ship; but that moment, he said, had not yet 

At the sound of a voice which they had learned to honour 
and respect, the crew paused in their operations, and the 
long-boat remained suspended in its place. Fortunately, 
even Ruby himself in the midst of his ravings, had not 
dropped a word about the picrate that had been deposited 
in the hold ; for although the mate had a power over the 
sailors that Captain Huntly had never possessed, I feel 
certain that if the true state of the case had been known, 
nothing on earth would have prevented some of them, in 
their consternation, from effecting an escape. As it was, 
only Curtis, Falsten, and myself were cognizant of the 
terrible secret 

As soon as order was restored, the mate and I joined 
Falsten on the poop, where he had remained throughout 
the panic, and where we found him with folded arms, deep 
in thought, as it might be, solving some hard mechanical 
problem. He promised, at my request, that he would 
reveal nothing of the new danger to which we were exposed 
through Ruby's imprudence. Curtis himself took the 
responsibility of informing Captain Huntly of our critical 

In order to insure complete secrecy, it was necessary to 
secure the person of the unhappy Ruby, who, quite beside 

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himself, continued to rave up and down the deck with the 
incessant cry of "Fire! fire!" Accordingly Curtis gave 
orders to some of his men to seize him and gag him ; and 
before he could make any resistance the miserable man 
was captured and safely lodged in confinement in his own 


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October 22nd. — Curtis has told the captain everything ; 
for he persists in ostensibly recognizing him as his superior 
officer, and refuses to conceal from him our true situation. 
Captain Huntly received the communication in perfect 
silence, and merely passing his hand across his forehead as 
though to banish some distressing thought, re-entered 
his cabin without a word. 

Curtis, Lieutenant Walter, Falsten, and myself have 
been discussing the chances of our safety, and I am surprised 
to find with how much composure we can all survey our 
anxious predicament. 

"There is no doubt," said Curtis, " that we must abandon 
all hope of arresting the fire ; the heat towards the bow 
has already become well-nigh unbearable, and the time 
must come when the flames will find a vent through the 
deck. If the sea is calm enough for us to make use of the 
boats, well and good ; we shall of course get quit of the 

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ship as quietly as we can ; if, on the other hand, the weather 
should be adverse, or the wind be boisterous, we must stick 
to our place, and contend with the flames to the very last ; 
perhaps, after all, we shall fare better with the fire as a 
declared enemy than as a hidden one." 

Falsten and I agreed with what he said, but I pointed 
out to him that he had quite overlooked the fact of there 
being thirty pounds of combustible matter in the hold. 

'* No," he gravely replied, " I have not forgotten it, but 
it is a circumstance of which I do not trust myself to think. 
I dare not run the risk of admitting air into the hold by 
going down to search for the powder, and yet I know not 
at what moment it may explode. No ; it is a matter that 
I cannot take at all into my reckoning, it must remain in 
higher hands than mine." 

We bowed our heads in a silence which was solemn. In 
the present state of the weather, immediate flight was, we 
knew, impossible. 

After a considerable pause, Falsten, as calmly as though 
he were delivering some philosophic dogma, observed, — 

"The explosion, if I may use the formula of science, is 
not necessary, but contingent." 

"But tell me, Mr. Falsten," I asked, "is it possible for 
picrate of potash to ignite without concussion ?" 

" Certainly it is," replied the engineer. " Under ordinary 
circumstances, picrate of potash although not ntore 

E 2 

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inflammable than common powder, yet possesses the same 
degree of inflammability." 

We now prepared to go on deck. As we left the saloon, 
in which we had been sitting, Curtis seized my hand 

" Oh, Mr. Kazallon," he exclaimed, " if you only knew 
the bitterness of the agony I feel at seeing this fine vessel 
doomed to be devoured by flames, and at being so power- 
less to save her." Then quickly recovering himself, he 
continued, "But I am forgetting myself; you, if no other, 
must know what I am suffering. It is all over now," he 
said more cheerfully. 

"Is our condition quite desperate?" I asked. 

" It is just this," he answered deliberately, " we are 
over a mine, and already the match has been applied to the 
train. How long that train may be, 'tis not for me to say.** 

And with these words he left me. 

The other passengers, in common with the crew, are still 
in entire ignorance of the extremity of peril to which we 
are exposed, although they are all aware that there is fire 
in the hold. As soon as the fact was announced, Mr. Kear, 
after communicating to Curtis his instructions that he 
thought he should have the fire immediately extinguished, 
and intimating that he held him responsible for all con- 
tingencies that might happen, retired to his cabin, where he 
has remained ever since, fully occupied in collecting and 
picking together the more cherished articles of his property 

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and without the semblance of a care or a thought for his 
unfortunate wife, whose condition, in spite of her ludicrous 
complaints, was truly pitiable. Miss Herbey, however, is 
unrelaxing in her attentions, and the unremitted diligence 
with which she fulfils her offices of duty, commands my 
highest admiration. 

October 2yd. — This morning, Captain Huntly sent for 
Curtis into his cabin, and the mate has since made me 
acquainted with what passed between them. 

" Curtis," began the captain, his haggard eye betraying 
only too plainly some mental derangement, " I am a sailor, 
am I not ?" 

"Certainly, captain," was the prompt acquiescence of 
the mate. 

" I do not know how it is," continued the captain, *' but 
I seem bewildered ; I cannot recollect anything. Are we 
not bound for Liverpool ? Ah! yes! of course. And have 
we kept a north-easterly direction since we left?'* 

" No, sir, according to your orders we have been sailing 
south-east, and here we are in the tropics." 

"And what is the name of the ship ?" 

" The * Chancellor,' sir." 

"Yes, yes, the 'Chancellor,' so it is. Well, Curtis, I 
really can't take her back to the north. I hate the sea, the 
very sight of it makes me ill, I would much rather not leave 
my cabin." 

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Curtis went on to tell me how he had tried to persuade 
him that with a little time and care he would soon recover 
his indisposition, and feel himself again ; but the captain 
had interrupted him by saying, — 

"Well, well; we shall see by-and-by; but for the 
present you must take this for my positive order; you- 
must, from this time, at once take the command of the 
ship, and act just as if I were not on board. Under 
present circumstances, I can do nothing. My brain is all 
on a whirl, you cannot tell what I am suffering ;" and the 
unfortunate man pressed both his hands convulsively 
against his forehead. 

'• I weighed the matter carefully for a moment," added 
Curtis, " and seeing what his condition too truly was, I 
acquiesced in all that he required and withdrew, promising 
him that all his orders should be obeyed." 

After hearing these particulars, I could not help remark- 
ing how fortunate it was that the captain had resigned of 
his own accord, for although he might not be actually 
insane, it was very evident that his brain was in a very 
morbid condition. 

*'I succeed him at a very critical moment," said 
Curtis thoughtfully; "but I shall endeavour to do my 

A short time afterwards he sent for the boatswain, and 
ordered him to assemble the crew at the foot of the main- 

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mast. As soon as the men were together, he addressed 
them very cahnly, but very firmly. 

" My men," he said, " I have to tell you that Captain 
Huntly, on account of the dangerous situation in which 
circumstances have placed us, and for other reasons known 
to myself, has thought right to resign his command to me. 
From this time forward, I am captain of this vessel" 

Thus quietly and simply the change was effected, and we 
have the satisfaction of knowing that the '' Chancellor " is 
now under the command of a conscientious, energetic man, 
who will shirk nothing that he believes to be for our 
common good. M. Letoumeur, Andrd, Mr. Falsten, and 
myself immediately offered him our best wishes, in which 
Lieutenant Walter and the boatswain most cordially 

The ship still holds her course south-west, and Curtis 
crowds on all sail and makes as speedily as possible for the 
nearest of the Lesser Antilles. 

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October 24/A to 2<)th. — For the last five days the sea has 
been very heavy, and although the "Chancellor" sails 
with wind and wave in her favour, yet her progress is 
considerably impeded. Here on board this veritable fire- 
ship I cannot help contemplating witli a longing eye this 
vast ocean that surrounds us. The water supply should be 
all we need. 

"Why not bore the deck?" I said to Curtis. "Why 
not admit the water by tons into the hold ? What could 
be the harm? The fire would be quenched; and what 
would be easier than to pump the water out again ?" 

"I have already told you, Mr. Kazallon," said Curtis, 
"that the very moment we admit the air, the flames will 
rush forth to the very top of the masts. No ; we must 
have courage and patience; we must wait. There is 
nothing whatever to be done, except to close every 

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The fire continued to progress even more rapidly than 
we had hitherto suspected. The heat gradually drove the 
passengers nearly all on deck, and the two stern cabins, 
h'ghted, as I said, by their windows in the aft-board were 
the only quarters below that were inhabitable. Of these 
Mrs. Kear occupied one, and Curtis reserved the other for 
Ruby, who, a raving maniac, had to be kept rigidly under 
restraint. I went down occasionally to see him, but in- 
variably found him in a state of abject terror, uttering 
horrible shrieks, as though possessed with the idea that he 
was being scorched by the most excruciating heat. 

Once or twice, too, I looked in upon the ex-captain. He 
was always calm and spoke quite rationally upon any 
subject except his own profession ; but in connexion with 
that he prated away the merest nonsense. He suffered 
greatly, but steadily declined all my offers of attention, and 
pertinaciously refused to leave his cabin. 

To-day, an acrid, nauseating smoke made its way 
through the panellings that partition off the quarters of 
the crew. At once Curtis ordered the partition to be 
enveloped in wet tarpaulin, but the fumes penetrated 
even this, and filled the whole neighbourhood of the ship's 
bows with a reeking vapour that was positively stifling. 
As we listened, too, we could hear a dull rumbling sound, 
but we were as mystified as ever to comprehend where the 
air could have entered that was evidently fanning the 

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flames. Only too certainly, it was now becoming a 
question not of days nor even of hours before we must 
be prepared for the final catastrophe. The sea was still 
running high, and escape by the boats was plainly im- 
possible. Fortunately, as I have said, the main-mast and 
the mizen are of iron; otherwise the heat at their base 
would long ago have brought them down and our chances 
of safety would have been much imperilled ; but by 
crowding on sail the " Chancellor " in the full north-east 
wind continued to make her way with undiminished speed. 

It is now a fortnight since the fire was first discovered, 
and the proper working of the ship has gjradually become a 
more and more difficult matter. Even with thick shoes any 
attempt to walk upon deck up to the forecastle was soon 
impracticable, and the poop, simply because its floor is 
elevated somewhat above the level of the hold, is now the 
only available standing-place. Water began to lose its 
effect upon the scorched and shrivelling planks ; the resin 
oozed out from the knots in the wood, the seams burst 
open, and the tar, melted by the heat, followed the rollings 
of the vessel, and formed fantastic patterns about the deck. 

Then to complete our perplexity, the wind shifted suddenly 
round to the north-west, whence it blew a perfect hurricane. 
To no purpose did Curtis do everything in his power to 
bring the ship ahull ; every effort was vain ; the " Chan- 
cellor " could not bear her trysail, so there was nothing to 

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be done but to let her go witli the wind, and drift further 
and further from the land for which we are longing so 

To-day, the 29th, the tempest seemed to reach its 
height; the waves appeared to us mountains high, and 
dashed the spray most violently across the deck. A boat 
could not live for a moment in such a sea. 

Our situation is terrible. We all wait in silence, some 
few on the forecastle, the great proportion of us on the poop. 
As for the picrate, for the time we have quite forgotten its 
existence ; indeed it might almost seem as though its 
explosion would come as a relief, for no catastrophe, how- 
ever terrible, could far exceed the torture of our suspense. 

While he had still the remaining chance, Curtis rescued 
from the store-room such few provisions as the heat of the 
compartment allowed him to obtain ; and a lot of cases of 
salt meat and biscuits, a cask of brandy, some barrels of fresh 
water, together with some sails and wraps, a compass and 
other instruments are now lying packed in a mass all ready 
for prompt removal to the boats whenever we shall be 
obliged to leave the ship. 

About eight o'clock in the evening, a noise is heard, 
distinct even above the raging of the hurricane. The panels 
of the deck are upheaved, and volumes of black smoke 
issue upwards as if from a safety-valve. An universal 
consternation seizes one and all: we must leave the volcano 

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which is about to burst beneath our feet The crew run 
to Curtis for orders. He hesitates ; looks first at the huge 
and threatening waves; looks then at the boats. The 
long-boat is there, suspended right along the centre of the 
deck ; but it is impossible to approach it now ; the yawl, 
however, hoisted on the starboard side, and the whale-boat 
suspended aft, are still available. The sailors make fran- 
tically for the yawl. 

*' Stop, stop," shouts Curtis ; " do you mean to cut off 
our last and only chance of safety ? Would you launch a 
boat in such a sea as this ? " 

A few of them, with Owen at their head, give no heed to 
what he says. Rushing to the poop, and seizing a cutlass, 
Curtis shouts again, — 

''Touch the tackling of the davit, one of you; only 
touch it, and I'll cleave your skulL" 

Awed by his determined manner, the men retire, some 
clambering into the shrouds, whilst others mount to the 
very top of the masts. 

At eleven o'clock, several loud reports are heard, caused 
by the bursting asunder of the partitions of the hold. 
Clouds of smoke issue from the front, followed by a long 
tongue of lambent flame that seems to encircle the mizen- 
mast The fire now reaches to the cabin occupied by Mrs. 
Kear, who, shrieking wildly, is brought on deck by Miss 
Herbey. A moment more, and Silas Huntly makes his 

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appearance, his face all blackened with the grimy smoke; he 
bows to Curtis, as he passes, and then proceeds in the 
calmest manner to mount the aft-shrouds, and installs him- 
self at the very top of the mizen. 

The sight of Huntly recalls to my recollection the pri- 
soner still below, and my first impulse is to rush to the 
staircase and do what I can to set him free. But 
the maniac has already eluded his confinement, and with 
singed hair and his clothes already alight, rushes upon 
deck. Like a salamander he passes across the burning 
deck with unscathed feet, and glides through the stifling 
smoke with unchoked breath. Not a sound escapes his 

Another loud report; the long-boat is shivered into 
fragments; the middle panel bursts the tarpaulin that 
covered it, and a stream of fire, free at length from the 
restraint that had held it, rises half-mast high. 

" The picrate ! the picrate ! " shrieks the madman ; ** we 
shall all be blown up ! the picrate will blow us all up." 

And in an instant, before we can get near him, he has 
hurled himself, through the open hatchway, down into the 
fiery furnace below. 

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October 2^th: — Night — The scene, as night came on, 
-was terrible indeed. Notwithstanding the desperateness of 
our situation, however, there was not one of us so paralyzed 
by fear, but that we fully realized the horror of it all. 

Poor Ruby, indeed, is lost and gone, but his last words 
were productive of serious consequences. The sailors 
caught his cry of "Picrate, picratel" and being thus for 
the first time made aware of the true nature of their peril, 
they resolved at every hazard to accomplish their escape. 
Beside themselves with terror, they either did not, or would 
not, see that no boat could brave the tremendous waves 
that were raging around, and accordingly they made a 
frantic rush towards the yawl. Curtis again made a 
vigorous endeavour to prevent them, but this time all in 
vain ; Owen urged them on, and already the tackling was 
loosened, so that the boat was swung over to the ship's side. 
For a moment it hung suspended in mid-air, and then, with 

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a final effort from the sailors, it was quickly lowered into 
the sea. But scarcely had it touched the water, when it 
was caught by an enormous wave which, recoiling with 
resistless violence, dashed it to atoms against the 
** Chancellor's " side. 

The men stood aghast ; they were dumbfoundered. 
Long»boat and yawl both gone, there was nothing now 
remaining to us but a small whale-boat, Not a word was 
spoken; not a sound was heard but the hoarse whistling of 
the wind, and the mournful roaring of the flames. From 
the centre of the ship, which was hollowed out like a 
furnace, there issued a column of sooty vapour that 
ascended to the sky. All the passengers, and several of 
the crew, took refuge in the aft-quarters of the poop. Mrs. 
Kear was lying senseless on one of the hen-coops, with Miss 
Herbey sitting passively at her side ; M. Letoumeur held 
his son tightly clasped to his bosom. I saw Falsten calmly 
consult his watch, and note down the time in his 
memorandum-book, but I was far from sharing his com- 
posure, for I was overcome by a nervous agitation that I 
•could not suppress. 

As far as we knew. Lieutenant Walter, the boatswain, 
and such of the crew as were not with us, were safe in the 
bow ; but it was impossible to tell how they were faring, 
because the sheet of fire intervened like a curtain, and cut 
off all communication between stem and stem. 

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I broke the dismal silence, saying "All over now, Curtis." 

" No, sir, not yet," he replied, " now that the panel is 
open we will set to work, and pour water with all our might 
down into the furnace, and may be, we shall put it out, 
even yet." 

" But how can you work your pumps while the deck is 
burning ? and how can you get at your men beyond that 
sheet of flame?" 

He made no answer to my impetuous questions, and 
finding that he had nothing more to say, I repeated that it 
was all over now. 

After a pause, he said, " As long as a plank of the ship 
remains to stand on, Mr. Kazallon, I shall not give up 
my hope." 

But the conflagration raged with redoubled fury, the sea 
around us was lighted with a crimson glow, and the clouds 
above shone with a lurid glare. Long jets of fire darted 
across the hatchways, and we were forced to take refuge on 
the taflrail at the extreme end of the poopi Mrs. Kear 
was laid in the whale-boat that hung from the stern. Miss 
Herbey persisting to the last in retaining her post by 
her side. 

No pen could adequately portray the horrors of this 
fearful night The "Chancellor" under bare poles, was 
driven, like a gigantic fire-ship with frightful velocity across 
the raging ocean; her very speed as it were, making 

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common cause with the hurricane to fan the fire that was 
consuming her. Soon there could be no alternative 
between throwing ourselves into the sea, or perishing in 
the flames. 

But where, all this time, was the picrate ? perhaps, after 
all, Ruby had deceived us and there was no volcano, such 
as we dreaded, below our feet 

At half-past eleven, when the tempest seems at its very- 
height, there is heard a peculiar roar distinguishable even 
above the crash of the elements. The sailors in an instant 
recognize its import. 

"Breakers to starboard !" is the cry. 

Curtis leaps on to the netting, casts a rapid glance at the 
snow-white billows, and turning to the helmsman shouts 
with all his might, "Starboard the helm !" 

But it is too late. There is a sudden shock ; the ship b 
caught up by an enormous wave ; she rises upon her beam 
ends; several times she strikes the ground; the mizen- 
mast snaps short off level with the deck, falls into the sea, 
and the "Chancellor" is motionless. 

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TAe night of the 2gth continued, — It was not yet mid- 
night ; the darkness was most profound, and we could see 
nothing. But was it probable that we had stranded on the 
coast of America ? 

Very shortly after the ship had thus come to a stand- 
still a clanking of chains was heard proceeding from her 

"That is well," said Curtis; "Walter and the boatswain 
have cast both the anchors. Let us hope they will hold." 

Then, clinging to the netting, he clambered along the 
starboard side, on which the ship had heeled, as far as the 
flames would allow him. He clung to the holdfasts of the 
shrouds, and in spite of the heavy seas that dashed against 
the vessel he maintained his position for a considerable 
time, evidently listening to some sound that had caught 
bis ear in the midst of the tempest In about a quarter of 
an hour he returned to the poop. 

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** Heaven be praised !" he said, "the water is coining in, 
and perhaps may get the better of the fire." 

" True/* said I, " but what then ? " 

"That," he replied, **is a question for by-and-by. We 
•can now only think of the present." 

Already I fancied that the violence of the flames was 
somewhat abated, and that the two opposing elements 
^ere in fierce contention. Some plank in th^ ship's side 
was evidently stove in, admitting free passage for the 
waves. But how, when the water had mastered the fire, 
should we be able to master the water ? Our natural 
•course would be to use the pumps, but these, in the very 
midst of the conflagration, were quite unavailable. 

For three long hours, in anxious suspense, we watched 
and watched, and waited. Where we were we could not 
tell. One thing alone was certain: the tide was ebbing 
beneath us, and the waves were relaxing in their violence. 
•Once let the fire be extinguished, and then, perhaps, there 
would be room to hope that the next high tide would set 
us afloat 

Towards half-past four in the morning the curtain of fire 
and smoke, which had shut ofl* communication between the 
two extremities of the ship, became less dense, and we 
could faintly distinguish that party of the crew who had 
taken refuge in the forecastle ; and before long, although it 
.was impracticable to step upon the deck, the lieutenant 

F 2 

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and the boatswain contrived to clamber over the gunwale, 
along the rails, and joined Curtis on the poop. 

Here they held a consultation, to which I was admitted. 
They were all of opinion that nothing could be done until 
daylight should give us something of an idea of our actual 
position. If we then found that we were near the shore, 
we would, weather permitting, endeavour to land, either in 
the boat or upon a raft. If^ on the other hand, no land were 
in sight, and the "Chancellor" were ascertained to be 
stranded on some isolated reef, all we could do would be 
to get her afloat, and put her into condition for reaching 
the nearest coast Curtis told us that it was long since he 
had been able to take any observation of altitude, but 
there was no doubt the north-west wind had driven us far 
to the south ; and he thought, as he was ignorant of the 
existence of any reef in this part of the Atlantic, that it was 
just possible that we had been driven on to the coast of 
some portion of South America. 

I reminded him that we were in momentary expectation 
of an explosion, and suggested that it would be advisable 
to abandon the ship and take refuge on the reef But he 
would not hear of such a proceeding, said that the reef 
would probably be covered at high tide, and persisted in 
the original resolution, that no decided action could be 
taken before the daylight appeared. 

I immediately reported this decision of the captain to 

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my fellow-passengers. None of them seem to realize the 
new danger to which the " Chancellor " may be exposed by 
being cast upon an unknown reef, hundreds of miles it may 
be from land. All are for the time possessed with one 
idea, one hope; and that is, that the fire may now be 
quenched and the explosion averted. 

And certainly their hopes seem in a fair way of being 
fulfilled. Already the raging flames that poured forth 
from the hatches have given place to dense black smoke, 
and although occasionally some fiery streaks dart across 
the dusky fumes, yet they are instantly extinguished. The 
waves are doing what pumps and buckets could never have 
effected ; by their inundation they are steadily stifling the 
fire which was as steadily spreading to the whole bulk of 
the 1700 bales of cotton. 

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October 30/A. — ^At the first gleam of daylight we eagerly- 
scanned the southern and western horizons, but the morning 
mists limited our view. Land was nowhere to be seen. 
The tide was now almost at its lowest ebb, and the colour 
of the few peaks of rock that jutted up around us showed 
that the reef on which we had stranded was of basaltic 
formation. There were now only about six feet of water 
around the "Chancellor," though with a full freight she 
draws about fifteen. It was remarkable how far she had 
been carried on to the shelf of rock, but the number of 
times that she had touched the bottom before she finally 
ran aground left us no doubt that she had been lifted up 
and borne along on the top of an enormous wave. She 
now lies with her stem considerably higher than her bows,, 
a position which renders walking upon the deck anything 
but an easy matter; moreover as the tide receded she 
heeled over so much to larboard that at one time Curtis 

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feared she would altogether capsize; that fear^ however, 
since the tide has reached its lowest mark, has happily 
proved groundless. 

At six o'clock some violent blows were felt against the 
ship's side, and at the same time a voice was distinguished, 
shouting loudly, " Curtis ! Curtis !" Following the direction 
of the cries we saw that the broken mizen-mast was being 
washed against the vessel, and in the dusky morning 
twilight we could make out the figure of a man clinging to 
the rigging. Curtis, at the peril of his life, hastened to 
bring the mait, on board. It proved to be none other than 
Silas Huntly, who, after being carried overboard with the 
mast, had thus, almost by a miracle, escaped a watery 
grave. Without a word of thanks to his deliverer, the ex- 
captain, passive, like an automaton, passed on and took his 
seat in the most secluded comer of the poop. The broken 
mizen may, perhaps, be of service to us at some future time, 
and with that idea it has been rescued from the waves and 
lashed securely to the stem. 

By this time it was light enough to see for a distance of 
three miles round ; but as yet nothing could be discemed 
to make us think that we were near a coast. The line of 
breakers ran for about a mile from south-west to north-east, 
and two hundred fathoms to the north of the ship an 
irregular mass of rocks formed a small islet. This islet 
rose about Jifty feet above the sea, and was consequently 

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above the level of the highest tides ; whilst a sort of cause- 
way, available at low water, would enable us to reach the 
island, if necessity required. But there the reef ended ; 
beyond it the sea again resumed its sombre hue, betokening 
deep water. In all probability, then, this was a solitary 
shoal, unattached to a shore, and the gloom of a bitter 
disappointment began to weigh upon our spirits. 

In another hour the mists had totally disappeared, and 
it was broad daylight I and M. Letoumeur stood watch- 
ing Curtis as he continued eagerly to scan the western 
horizon. Astonishment was written on his countenance; 
to him it appeared perfectly incredible that, after our course 
for so long had been due south from the Bermudas, no land 
should be in sight. But not a speck, however minute, 
broke the clearly-defined line that joined sea and sky. 
After a time Curtis made his way along the netting to the 
shrouds, and swung himself quickly up to the top of the 
mainmast For several minutes he remained there exa- 
mining the open space around, then seizing one of the 
backstays he glided down and rejoined us on the 

" No land in sight," he said, in answer to our eager looks 
of inquiry. 

At this point Mr. Kear interposed, and in a gruff, ill- 
tempered tone, asked Curtis where we were. Curtis replied 
that he did not know. 

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•* You don't know, sir ? Then all I can say is that you 
ought to know!" exclaimed the petroleum merchant 

" That may be, sir ; but at present I am as ignorant of 
our whereabouts as you are yourself,'* said Curtis. 

"Well," said Mr. Kear, "just please to know that I don't 
want to stay for ever on your everlasting ship, so I beg you 
will make haste and start off again." 

Curtis condescended to make no other reply than a shrug 
of the shoulders, and turning away he informed M. Letour- 
neur and myself that if the sun came out he intended to 
take its altitude and find out to what part of the ocean we 
had been driven. His next care was to distribute preserved 
meat and biscuit amongst the passengers and crew already 
half fainting with hunger and fatigue, and then he set to 
work to devise measures for setting the ship afloat. 

The conflagration was greatly abated ; no flames now 
appeared, and although some black smoke still issued from 
the interior, yet its volume was far less than before. The 
first step was to discover how much water had entered the 
hold. The deck was still too hot to walk upon ; but after two 
hours* irrigation the boards became sufficiently cool for the 
boatswain to proceed to take some soundings, and he 
shortly afterwards announced that there were five feet of 
water below. This the captain determined should not be 
pumped out at present, as he wanted it thoroughly to do 
its duty before he got rid of it. 

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The next subject for consideration was whether it would 
be advisable to abandon the vessel, and to take refuge on 
the reef. Curtis thought not ; and the lieutenant and the 
boatswain agreed with him. The chances of an explosion 
were greatly diminished, as it had been ascertained that the 
water had reached that part of the hold in which Ruby's 
luggage had been deposited ; while, on the other hand, in 
the event of rough weather, our position even upon the most 
elevated points of rock might be very critical. It was 
accordingly resolved that both passengers and crew were 
safest on board. 

Acting upon this decision we proceeded to make a kind 
of encampment on the poop, and the few mattresses that 
were rescued uninjured have been given up for the use of 
the two ladies. Such of the crew as had saved their ham- 
mocks have been told to place them under the forecastle 
where they would have to stow themselves as best they 
could, their ordinary quarters being absolutely unin- 

Fortunately, although the store-room has been consider- 
ably exposed to the heat, its contents are not very seriously 
damaged, and all the barrels of water and the greater 
part of the provisions are quite intact The stock of 
spare sails, which had been packed iaway in front, is also 
free from injury* The wind has dropped considerably since 
the early morning, and the swell in the sea is far less 

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heavy. On the whole our spirits are reviving, and we 
begin to think we may yet find a way out of our 

M. Letourneur, his son, and I, have just had a long con- 
versation about the ship's officers. We consider their con- 
duct, under the late trying circumstances, to have been 
most exemplary, and their courage, energy, and endurance 
to have been beyond all praise. Lieutenant Walter, the 
boatswain, and Dowlas the carpenter have all alike distin- 
guished themselves, and made us feel that they are men to 
be relied on. As for Curtis, words can scarcely be found to 
express our admiration of his character ; he is the same as 
he has ever been, the very life of his crew, cheering them 
on by woid or gesture ; finding an expedient for every 
difficulty, and always foremost in every action. 

The tide turned at seven this morning, and by eleven all 
the rocks were submerged, none of them being visible 
except the cluster of those which formed the rim of a small 
and almost circular basin from 250 to 300 feet in diameter, 
in the north angle of which the ship is lying. As the tide 
rose the white breakers disappeared, and the sea, fortu- 
nately for the " Chancellor," was pretty calm ; otherwise the 
dashing of the waves against her sides, as she lies motion- 
less, might have been attended by serious consequences. 

As might be supposed, the height of the water in the 
hold increased with the tide from five feet to nine ; but 

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this was rather a matter for congratulation, inasmuch as it 
sufficed to inundate another layer of cotton. 

At half-past eleven the sun, which had been behind the 
clouds since ten o'clock, broke forth brightly. The captain, 
who had already in the morning been able to calculate an 
horary angle, now prepared to take the meridian altitude, 
and succeeded at midday in making his observation most 
satisfactorily. After retiring for a short time to calculate 
the result, he returned to the poop and announced that we 
are in lat. iS;' 5' N. and long. 45'' 53' W.,but that the reef 
on which we are agfround is not marked upon the charts. 
The only explanation that can be given for the omission is 
that the islet must be of recent formation, and has been 
caused by some subterranean volcanic disturbance. But 
whatever may be the solution of the mystery, here we are 
800 miles from land ; for such, on consulting the map, we 
find to be the actual distance to the coast of Guiana, 
which is the nearest shore. Such is the position to which 
we have been brought, in the first place, by Huntly's 
senseless obstinacy, and, secondly, by the furious north-west 

Yet, after all, the captain's communication does not dis- 
hearten us. As I said before, our spirits are reviving. We 
have escaped the peril of fire ; the fear of explosion is past 
and gone ; and oblivious of the fact that the ship with a 
hold full of water is only too likely to founder when she 

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puts out to sea, we feel a confidence in the future that 
forbids us to despond. 

Meanwhile Curtis prepares to do all that common sense 
demands. He proposes, when the fire is quite extinguished,, 
to throw overboard the whole, or the greater portion of the 
cargo, including, of course, the picrate ; he will next plug 
up the leak, and then, with a lightened ship, he will take 
advantage of the first high tide to quit the reef as speedily 
as possible. 

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October ^oth. — Once again I talked to M. Letouraeur 
about our situation, and endeavoured to animate him with 
the hope that we should not be detained for long in our 
present predicament; but he could not be brought to 
take a very sanguine view of our prospects. 

"But surely," I protested, "it will not be difficult to 
throw overboard a few hundred bales of cotton; two or 
three days at most will suffice for that" 

"Likely enough," he replied, "when the business is once 
begun ; but you must remember, Mr. Kazallon, that the 
very heart of the cargo is still smouldering, and that it 
will still be several days before any one will be able to 
venture into the hold. Then the leak, too, that has to be 
caulked ; and, unless it is stopped up very effectually, we 
shall be only doomed most certainly to perish at sea. 
Don't, then, be deceiving yourself; it must be three weeks 
at least before you can expect to put out to sea. I can 
only hope meanwhile that the weather will continue 

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propitious ; it wouldn't take many storms to knock the 
* Chancellor/ shattered as she is, completely into pieces." 

Here, then, was the suggestion of a new danger to which 
we were to be exposed ; the fire might be extinguished, 
the water might be got rid of by the pumps, but, after all, 
we must be at the mercy of the wind and waves ; and, 
although the rocky island might afford a temporary refuge 
from the tempest, what was to become of passengers and 
crew if the vessel should be reduced to a total wreck ? I 
made no remonstrance, however, to this view of our case, 
but merely asked M. Letoumeur if he had confidence in 
Robert Curtis ? 

"Perfect confidence," he answered ; "and I acknowledge 
it most gratefully, as a providential circumstance, that 
Captain Huntly had given him the command in time. 
Whatever man can do I know that Curtis will not leave 
undone to extricate us from our dilemma." 

Prompted by this conversation with M. Letoumeur I 
took the first opportunity of trying to ascertain from 
Curtis himself, how long he reckoned we should be obliged 
to remain upon the reef; but he merely replied, that it 
must depend upon circumstances, and that he hoped the 
weather would continue favourable. Fortunately the 
barometer is rising steadily, and there is every sign of a 
prolonged calm. 

Meantime Curtis is taking active measures for totally 

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extinguishing the fire. He is at no great pains to spare 
the cargo, and as the bales that lie just above the level of 
the water are still a-light he has resorted to the expedient of 
thoroughly saturating the upper layers of tlie cotton, in 
order that the combustion may be stifled between the 
moisture descending from above and that ascending from 
below. This scheme has brought the pumps once more 
into requisition. At present the crew are adequate to 
the task of working them, but I and some of our fellow- 
passengers are ready to offer our assistance whenever it 
shall be necessary. 

With no immediate demand upon our labour, we are 
thrown upon our own resources for passing our time. M. 
Letoumeur, Andr6, and myself, have frequent conversa- 
tions ; I also devote an hour or two to my diary. Falsten 
holds little communication with any of us, but remains ab- 
sorbed in his calculations, and amuses himself by tracing 
mechanical diagrams with ground-plan, section, elevation, 
all complete. It would be a happy inspiration if he could 
invent some mighty engine that could set us all afloat 
again. Mr. and Mrs. Kear, too, hold themselves aloof 
from their fellow-passengers, and we are not sorry to be 
relieved from the necessity pf listening to their incessant 
gjrumbling; unfortunately, however, they carry off" Miss 
Herbey with them, so that we enjoy little or nothing of 
the young lady's society. As for Silas Huntly, he has 

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become a complete nonentity ; he exists, it is true, but 
merely, it would seem, to vegetate. 

Hobart, the steward, an obsequious, sly sort of fellow, 
goes through his routine of duties just as though the vessel 
were pursuing her ordinary course ; and, as usual, is con- 
tinually falling out with Jynxtrop, the cook, an impudent, 
ill-favoured negro, who interferes with the other sailors in 
a manner which, I think, ought not to be allowed. 

Since it appears likely that we shall have abundance of 
time on our hands, I have proposed to M. Letoumeur and 
his son that we shall together explore the reef on which 
we are stranded. It is not very probable that we shall^be 
able to discover much about the origin of this strange 
accumulation of rock, yet the attempt will at least occupy 
us for some hours, and will relieve us from the monotony 
of our confinement on board. Besides, as the reef is not 
marked in any of the maps, I could not but believe that 
it would be rendering a service to hydrography if we were 
to take an accurate plan of the rocks, of which Curtis could 
afterwards verify the true position by a second observation 
made with a closer precision than the one he has already 

M. Letoumeur agrees to my proposal, Curtis has promised 
to let us have the boat and some sounding-lines, and to 
allow one of the sailors to accompany us ; so to-morrow 
morning, we hope to make our little voyage of investigation. 


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October z^st to November $tk, — Our first proceeding on 
the morning of the 31st was to make the proposed tour of 
the reef, which is about a quarter of a mile long. With the 
aid of our sounding-lines we found that the water was deep, 
right up to the very rocks, and that no shelving shores 
prevented us coasting along them. There was not a 
shadow of doubt as to the rock being of purely volcanic 
origin, upheaved by some mighty subterranean convulsion. 
It IS formed of blocks of basalt, arranged in perfect order, 
of which the regular prisms give the whole mass the effect 
of being one gigantic crystal ; and the remarkable trans- 
parency of the sea enabled us plainly to observe the 
curious shafts of the prismatic columns that support the 
marvellous substructure. 

" This is indeed a singular island," said M. Letourneur ; 
"evidently it is of quite a recent origin." 

"Yes, father," said Andr6, "and I should think it has 

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been caused by a phenomenon similar to those which 
produced the Julia Island, off the coast of Sicily, or the 
group of the Santorini, in the Grecian Archipelago. One 
could almost fancy that it had been created expressly for 
the ' Chancellor * to stand upon." 

" It is very certain," I observed, " that some upheaving has 
lately taken place. This is by no means an unfrequented 
part of the Atlantic, so that it is not at all likely that it 
could have escaped the notice of sailors if it had been 
always in existence ; yet it is not marked even in the most 
modern charts. We must try and explore it thoroughly 
and give future navigators the benefit of our observa- 

But, perhaps, it will disappear as it came," said Andr6. 
" You are no doubt aware, Mr. Kazallon, that these volcanic 
islands sometimes have a very transitory existence. Not 
impossibly, by the time it gets marked upon the maps it 
may no longer be here." 

" Never mind, my boy," answered his father, " it is better 
to give warning of a danger that does not exist than over- 
look one that does. I daresay the sailors will not grumble 
much, if they don't find a reef where we have marked one." 

"No, I daresay not, father," said Andr6, "and after all 
this island is very likely as firm as a continent. However, 
if it is to disappear, I expect Captain Curtis would be glad 
to see it take its departure as soon as possible after he has 

G 2 

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finished his repairs ; it would save him a world of trouble 
in getting his ship afloat." 

" Why, what a fellow you are, Andr^ !" I said, laughing ; 
" I believe you would like to rule Nature with a magic 
wand ; first of all, you would call up a reef from the depth 
of the ocean to give the ' Chancellor ' time to extinguish her 
flames, and then you would make it disappear just that the 
ship might be free again." 

Andr^ smiled ; then, in a more serious tone, he expressed 
his gratitude for the timely help that had been vouchsafed 
us in our hour of need. 

The more we examined the rocks that formed the base 
of the little island, the more we became convinced that its 
formation was quite recent Not a mollusc, not a tuft of 
seaweed was found clinging to the sides of the rocks ; not 
a germ had the wind carried to its surface, not a bird had 
taken refuge amidst the crags upon its summits. To a 
lover of natural history, the spot did not yield a single point 
of interest ; the geologist alone would find subject of study 
in the basaltic mass. 

When we reached the southern point of the island I 
proposed that we should disembark. My companions 
readily assented, young Letoumeur jocosely observing that 
if the little island was destined to vanish, it was quite right 
that it should first be visited by human beings. The boat 
was accordingly brought alongside, and we set foot upon 

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Pft 8^. 

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the reef, and began to ascend the gradual slope that leads 
to its highest elevation. 

The walking was not very rough, and as Andr6 could get 
along tolerably well without the assistance of an arm, he 
led the way, his father and I following close behind. A 
quarter of an hour sufficed to bring us to the loftiest point 
in the islet, when we seated ourselves on the basaltic prism 
that crowned its summit. 

Andr^ took a sketch-book from his pocket, and pro- 
ceeded to make a drawing of the reef. Scarcely had he 
completed the outline when his father exclaimed, — 

''Why, Andr^, you have drawn a ham !" 

"Something uncommonly like it, I confess," replied 
Andr€. " I think we had better ask Captain Curtis to let 
us call our island Ham Rock." 

"Good," said I ; "though sailors will need to keep it at 
a respectful distance, for they will scarcely find that their 
teeth are strong enough to tackle with it." 

M. Letoumeur was quite correct ; the outline of the reef 
as it stood clearly defined against the deep green water 
resembled nothing so much as a fine York ham, of which 
the little creek, where the " Chancellor " had been stranded, 
corresponded to the hollow place above the knuckle. The 
tide at this time was low, and the ship now lay heeled 
over very much to the starboard side, the few points of 
rock that emerged in the extreme south of the reef plainly 

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marking the narrow passage through which she had been 
forced before she finally ran aground. 

As soon as Andr6 had finished his sketch we descended 
by a slope as gradual as that by which we had come up, 
and made our way towards the west. We had not gone 
very far when a beautiful grotto, perfect as an architectural 
structure, arrested our attention. M. Letourneur and Andre 
who have visited the Hebrides, pronounced it to be a 
Fingal's cave in miniature; a Gothic chapel that might 
form a fit vestibule for the cathedral cave of Staffa. The 
basaltic rocks had cooled down into the same regular 
concentric prisms ; there was the same dark canopied roof 
with its interstices filled up with its yellow lutings ; the 
same precision of outline in the prismatic angles, sharp as 
though chiselled by a sculptor s hand ; the same sonorous 
vibration of the air across the basaltic rocks, of which the 
Gaelic poets have feigfned that the harps of the Fingal min- 
strelsy were made. But whereas at Staffa the floor of the 
cave is always covered with a sheet of water, here the grotto 
was beyond the reach of all but the highest waves, whilst the 
prismatic shafts themselves formed quite a solid pavement. 

After remaining nearly an hour in our newly-discovered 
grotto we returned to the " Chancellor," and communicated 
the result of our explorations to Curtis, who entered the 
island upon his chart by the name that Andrd Letourneur 
had proposed. 

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"sjmztimes we fish along the shore.*' 


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Since its discovery we have not permitted a day to piss 
without spending some time in our Ham Rock grotto. 
Curtis has taken an opportunity of visiting it, but he is too 
preoccupied with other matters to have much interest to 
spare for the wonders of nature. Falsten, too, came once 
and examined the character of the rocks, knocking and 
chipping them about with all the mercilessness of a 
geologist Mr. Kear would not trouble himself to leave 
the ship ; and although I asked his wife to join us in one 
of our excursions she declined, upon the plea that the 
fatigue, as well as the inconvenience of embarking in the 
boat, would be more than she could bear. 

Miss Herbey, only too thankful to escape even for an 
hour from her capricious mistress, eagerly accepted M. 
Letoumeur's invitation to pay a visit to the reef, but to her 
•great disappointment Mrs. Kear at first refused point-blank 
to allow her to leave the ship. I felt intensely annoyed, 
and resolved to intercede in Miss Herbe/s favour ; and as 
I had already rendered that self-indulgent lady sundry 
services which she thought she might probably be glad 
again to accept, I gained my point, and Miss Herbey has 
several times been permitted to accompany us across the 
rocks, where the young girl's delight at her freedom has 
been a pleasure to behold. 

Sometimes we fish along the shore, and then enjoy a 
luncheon in the grotto, whilst the basalt columns vibrate 

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like harps to the breeze. This arid reef, little as it is, 
compared with the cramped limits of the " Chancellor's "* 
deck is like some vast domain ; soon there will be scarcely 
a stone with which we are not familiar, scarcely a portion 
of its surface which we have not merrily trodden, and I 
am sure that when the hour of departure arrives we shall 
leave it with regret. 

In the course of conversation, Andr^ Letoumeur one 
day happened to say that he believed the island of Staffa 
belonged to the Macdonald family, who let it for the small 
sum of ;£'i2 a year. 

** I suppose then," said Miss Herbey, " that we should 
hardly get more than half-a-crown a year for our pet little 

" I don't think you would get a penny for it, Miss Herbey;. 
but are you thinking of taking a lease ?" I said, laughing. 

"Not at present," she said; then added, with a half- 
suppressed sigh, " and yet it is a place where I have seemed 
to know what it is to be really happy." 

Andrd murmured some expression of assent, and we all 
felt that there was something touching in the words of the 
orphaned, friendless girl who had found her long-lost sense 
of happiness on a lonely rock in the Atlantic 

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November 6th to November 15///. — For the first five days 
after the " Chancellor " had run aground, there was a dense 
black smoke continually rising from the hold; but it 
gradually diminished until the 6th of November, when we 
might consider that the fire was extinguished. Curtis, 
nevertheless, deemed it prudent to persevere in working the 
pumps, which he did until the entire hull of the ship, right 
up to the deck, had been completely inundated. 

The rapidity, however, with which the water, at every 
retreat of the tide, drained off to the level of the sea, was an 
indication that the leak must be of considerable magni- 
tude ; and such, on investigation, proved to be the case. 
One of the sailors, named Flaypole, dived one day at low 
water to examine the extent of the damage, and found that 
-the hole was not much less than four feet square, and was 
situated thirty feet fore of the helm, and two feet above the 
rider of the keel ; three planks had been stoved in by a 

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sharp point of rock, and it was only a wonder that the 
violence with which the heavily-laden vessel had been 
thrown ashore did not result in the smashing in of many 
parts besides. 

As it would be a couple of days or more before the hold 
would be in a condition for the bales of cotton to be 
removed for the carpenter to examine the damage from the 
interior of the ship, Curtis employed the interval in having 
the broken mizen-mast repaired. Dowlas the carpenter, 
with considerable skill, contrived to mortice it into its 
former stump, and made the junction thoroughly secure by 
strong iron-belts and bolts. The shrouds, the stays and 
backstays, were then carefully refitted, some of the sails 
were changed, and the whole of the running rigging was 
renewed. Injury, to some extent, had been done to the 
poop and to the crew's lockers in the front ; but time and 
labour were all that were wanted to make them good ; and 
with such a will did every one set to work that it was not 
long before all the cabins were again available for use. 

On the 8th the unlading of the ship commenced. Pulleys 
and tackling were put over the hatches, and passengers and 
crew together proceeded to haul up the heavy bales which 
had been deluged so frequently by water that the cotton 
was all but spoiled. One by one the sodden bales were 
placed in the boat to be transported to the reef. After the 
first layer of cotton had been removed it became necessary 

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to drain off part of the water that filled the hold. For this 
purpose the leak in the side had somehow or other to be 
stopped, and this was an operation which was cleverly 
accomplished by Dowlas and Flaypole, who contrived to 
dive at low tide and nail a sheet of copper over the entire 
hole. This, however, of itself would have been utterly 
inadequate to sustain the pressure that would arise from 
the action of the pumps ; so Curtis ordered that a number 
of the bales should be piled up inside agfainst the broken 
planks. The scheme succeeded very well, and as the water 
got lower and lower in the hold the men were enabled to 
resume their task of unlading. 

Curtis thinks it quite probable that the leaks may be 
mended from the interior. By far the best way of repairing 
the damage would be to careen the ship, and to shift the 
planking, but the appliances are wanting for such an 
undertaking; moreover, any bad weather which might occur 
while the ship was on her flank would only too certainly be 
fatal to her altogether. But the captain has very little 
doubt that by some device or other he shall manage to 
patch up the hole in such a way as will insure our reaching 
land in safety. 

After two days' toil the water was entirely reduced, and 
without further difficulty the unlading was completed. All 
of us, including even Andr^ Letourneur, have been taking 
our turn at the pumps, for the work is so extremely 

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fatiguing that the crew require some CKcasional respite ; 
arms and back soon become strained and weary with the 
incessant swing of the handles, and I can well understand 
the dislike which sailors always express to the labour. 

One thing there is which is much in our favour ; the ship 
lies on a firm and solid bottom, and we have the satisfaction 
of knowing that we are not contending with a flood that 
encroaches faster than it can be resisted. Heaven grant 
that we may not be called to make like efforts, and to make 
them hopelessly, for a foundering ship ! 

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November 15 /A to 20th. — ^The examination of the hold 
has at last been made. Amongst the first things that were 
found was the case of picrate, perfectly intact, having 
neither been injured by the water, nor of course reached 
by the flames. Why it was not at once pitched into the 
-sea I cannot say ; but it was merely conveyed to the 
extremity of the island, and there it remains. 

While they were below, Curtis and Dowlas made them- 
selves acquainted with the full extent of the mischief that 
had been done by the conflagration. They found that the 
•deck and the cross-beams that supported it had been much 
less injured than they expected, and the thick, heavy 
planks had only been scorched very superficially. 
But the action of the fire on the flanks of the ship had 
httn of a much more serious character ; a long portion 
of the inside boarding had been burnt away, and the 
very ribs of the vessel were considaably damaged ; the 

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oakum caulkings had all started away from the butt-ends 
and seams ; so much so that it was little short of a miracle 
that the whole ship had not long since gaped completely 

The captain and the carpenter returned to the deck 
with anxious faces. Curtis lost no time in assembling 
passengers and crew, and announcing to them the facts 
of the case. 

" My friends," he said, " I am here to tell you that the 
* Chancellor ' has sustained far greater injuries than we 
suspected, and that her hull is very seriously damaged. If 
we had been stranded anywhere else than on a barren reef, 
that may at any time be overwhelmed by a tempestuous 
sea I should not have hesitated to take the ship to pieces, 
and construct a smaller vessel that might have carried us 
safely to land ; but I dare not run the risk of remaining 
here. We are now 800 miles from the coast of Para- 
maribo, the nearest portion of Dutch Guiana, and in ten or 
twelve days, if the weather should be favourable, I believe 
we could reach the shore. What I now propose to do is 
to stop the leak by the best means we can command, and 
make at once for the nearest port." 

As no better plan seemed to suggest itself, Curtis's 
proposal was unanimously accepted. Dowlas and his 
assistants immediately set to work to repair the charred 
frame-work of the ribs, and to stop the leak ; they took 

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care thoroughly to caulk from the outside all the seams 
that were above low water mark ; lower than that they were 
unable to work, and had to content themselves with such 
repairs as they could effect in the interior. But after all 
the pains there is no doubt the " Chancellor " is not fit for 
a long voyage, and would be condemned as unseaworthy 
at any port at which we might put in. 

To-day, the 20th, Curtis having done all that human 
power could do to repair his ship, determined to put her 
to sea. 

Ever since the " Chancellor *' had been relieved of her 
cargo, and of the water in her hold, she had been able ta 
float in the little natural basin into which she had been 
driven. The basin was enclosed on either hand by rocks 
that remained uncovered even at high water, but was 
sufficiently wide to allow the vessel to turn quite round at 
its broadest part, and by means of hawsers fastened on the 
reef to be brought with her bows towards the south ; while, 
to prevent her being carried back on to the reef, she has 
been anchored fore and aft. 

To all appearance, then, it seemed as though it would be 
an easy matter to put the " Chancellor " to sea ; if the wind 
were favourable the sails would be hoisted, if otherwise, she 
would have to be towed through the narrow passage. All 
seemed simple. But unlooked-for difficulties had yet to be 

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The mouth of the passage is guarded by a kind of ridge 
of basalt, which at high tide we knew was barely covered 
with sufficient water to float the " Chancellor," even when 
entirely unfreighted. To be sure she had been carried 
over the obstacle once before, but then, as I have already 
said, she had been caught up by an enormous wave, and 
might have been said to be lifted over the barrier into her 
present position. Besides, on that ever-memorable night, 
there had not only been the ordinary spring-tide, but an 
equinoctial tide, such a one as could not be expected to 
occur again for many months. Waiting was out of the 
question ; so Curtis determined to run the risk, and to take 
advantage of the spring-tide, which would occur to-day, to 
make an attempt to get the ship, lightened as she was, over 
the bar; after which, he might ballast her sufficiently 
to sail. 

The wind was blowing from the north-west, and con- 
sequently right in the direction of the passage. The 
captain, however, after a consultation, preferred to tow the 
ship over the ridge, as he considered it was scarcely safe to 
allow a vessel of doubtful stability at full sail to charge an 
obstacle that would probably bring her to a dead lock. 
Before the operation was commenced, Curtis took the pre- 
caution of having an anchor ready in the stern, for, in the 
event of the attempt being unsuccessful, it would be 
necessary to bring the ship back to her present moorings 

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Two more anchors were next carried outside the passage, 
which was not more than two hundred feet in length. The 
chains were attached to the windlass, the sailors worked 
away at the handspikes, and at four o'clock in the afternoon 
the " Chancellor " was in motion. 

High tide would be at twenty minutes past four, and at 
ten minutes before that time the ship had been hauled as 
far as her sea-range would allow; her keel grazed the 
ridge, and her progress was arrested. When the lowest 
part of her stern, however, just cleared the obstruction, 
Curtis deemed that there was no longer any reason why the 
mechanical action of the wind should not be brought to 
bear and contribute its assistance. Without delay, all sails 
were unfurled and trimmed to the wind. The tide was 
-exactly at its height, passengers and crew together were at 
the windlass, M. Letourneur, Andr6, Falsten, and myself 
being at the starboard bar. Curtis stood upon the poop, 
giving his chief attention to the sails ; the lieutenant was on 
the forecastle; the boatswain by the helm. The sea 
seemed propitiously calm and, as it swelled gently to and 
fro, lifted the ship several times. 

"Now, my boys," said Curtis, in his calm clear voice, 
^' all together! Off!" 

Round went the windlass ; click, click, clanked the chains 
as link by link they were forced through the hawse-holes. 

The breeze freshened, and the masts gave to the pressure 


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of the sails, but round and round we went, keeping time in 
regfular monotony to the sing-song tune hummed by one 
of the sailors. 

We had gained about twenty feet, and were redoubling 
our efforts when the ship grounded again. 

And now no effort would avail ; all was in vain ; the tide 
began to turn; and the "Chancellor" would not advance 
an inch. Was there time to go back? She would in- 
evitably go to pieces if left balanced upon the ridge. In* 
an instant the captain has ordered the sails to be furled,, 
and the anchor dropped from the stem. 

One moment of terrible anxiety, and all is well 

The " Chancellor " tacks to stern, and glides back into 
the basin, which is once more her prison. 

"Well, captain," says the boatswain, "what's to be done 

"I don't know," said Curtis, "but we shall get across 

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November 2\st to 2^k. — ^There was assuredly no time to 
be lost before we ought to leave Ham Rock reef. The 
barometer had been falling ever since the morning, the sea 
was getting rougher, and there was every symptom that 
the weather, hitherto so favourable, was on the point of 
breaking; and in the event of a gale the "Chancellor" 
must inevitably be dashed to pieces on the rocks. 

In the evening, when the tide was quite low, and the 
rocks uncovered, Curtis, the boatswain, and Dowlas went 
to examine the ridge which had proved so serious an 
obstruction. Falsten and I accompanied them. We came 
to the conclusion that the only way of effecting a passage 
was by cutting away the rocks with pikes over a surface 
measuring ten feet by six. An extra depth of nine or ten 
inches would give a sufficient gauge, and the channel might 
be accurately marked out by buoys ; in this way it was 
conjectured the ship might be got over the ridge and so 
reach the deep water beyond. 

H 2 

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" But this basalt is as hard as granite," said the boat- 
swain ; "besides, we can only get at it at low water, and 
consequently could only work at it for two hours out of the 

"All the more reason why we should begin at once, 
boatswain," said Curtis. 

" But if it is to take us a month, captain, perhaps by that 
time the ship maybe knocked to atoms. Couldn't we manage 
to blow up the rock ? we have got some powder on board." 

" Not enough for that," said the boatswain. 

"You have something better than powder," said Falsten. 

"What's that ?" asked the captain. 

" Picrate of potash," was the reply. 

And so the explosive substance with which poor Ruby 
had so grievously imperilled the vessel was now to serve 
her in good stead, and I now saw what a lucky thing it was 
that the case had been deposited safely on the reef, instead 
of being thrown into the sea. 

Picric acid is a crystalline bitter product extracted from 
coal-tar, and forming, in combination with potash, a yellow 
salt known as picrate of potash. The explosive power of 
this substance is inferior to that of gun-cotton or of 
dynamite, but far greater than that of ordinary gunpowder; 
one gfrain of picric powder producing an effect equal to that 
of thirteen grains of common powder. Picrate is . easily 
ignited by any sharp or violent shock, and some gun-priming 

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which we had in our possession would answer the purpose 
of setting it alight. 

The sailors went off at once for their pikes, and Dowlas 
and his assistants, under the direction of Falsten, who, as an 
engfineer, understood such matters, proceeded to hollow out 
a mine wherein to deposit the powder. At first we hoped 
that everything would be ready for the blasting to take 
place on the following morning, but when daylight appeared 
we found that the men, although they had laboured with a 
will, had only been able to work for an hour at low water 
and that four tides must ebb before the mine had been 
sunk to the required depth. 

Not until eight o'clock on the morning of the 23rd was 
the work complete. The hole was bored obliquely in the 
rock, and was large enough to contain about ten pounds of 
explosive matter. Just as the picrate was being introduced 
into the aperture, Falsten interposed : — 

"Stop," he said, "I think it will be best to mix the 
picrate with common powder, as that will allow us to fire 
the mine with a match instead of the gun-priming which 
would be necessary to produce a shock. Besides, it is an 
understood thing that the addition of gunpowder renders 
picrate far more effective in blasting such rocks as this, as 
then the violence of the picrate prepares the way for the 
powder which, slower in its action, will complete the 
disseverment of the basalt" 

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Falsten is not a great talker, but what he does say is 
always very much to the point. His good advice was 
immediately followed; the two substances were mixed 
together, and after a match had been introduced the 
compound was rammed closely into the hole. 

Notwithstanding that the " Chancellor" was at a distance 
from the rocks that insured her from any danger of being 
injured by the explosion, it was thought advisable that the 
passengers and crew should take refuge in the grotto at the 
extremity of the reef, and even Mr. Kear, in spite of his 
many objections, was forced to leave the ship. Falsten, 
as soon as he had set fire to the match, joined us in our 

The train was to bum for ten minutes, and at the end of 
that time the explosion took place ; the report, on account 
of the depth of the mine, being muffled, and much less 
noisy than we had expected. But the operation had been 
perfectly successful Before we reached the ridge we could 
see that the basalt had been literally reduced to powder, 
and that a little channel, already being filled by the rising 
tide, had been cut right through the obstacle. A loud 
hurrah rang through the air; our prison-doors were opened, 
and we were prisoners no more ! 

At high tide the "Chancellor" weighed anchor and 
floated out into the open sea, but she was not in a condition 
to sail until she had been ballasted ; and for the next 

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MORE ! " 

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1 ! 

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twenty-four hours the crew were busily employed in taking 
up blocks of stone, and such of the bales of cotton as had 
^sustained the least amount of injury. 

In the course of the day, M. Letoumeur, Andr4 Miss 
Herbey, and I took a farewell walk round the reef, and 
Andr6, with artistic skill, carved on the wall of the grotto the 
word " Chancellor," — the designation Ham Rock, which we 
liad given to the reef, — ^and the date of our running aground. 
Then we bade adieu to the scene of our three week's 
^oum, where we had passed days that to some at least 
of our party will be reckoned as far from being the least 
liappy of their lives. 

At high tide this morning, the 24th, with low, top, and 
gallant sails all set, the "Chancellor" started on her 
onward way, and two hours later the last peak of Ham 
Rock had vanished below the horizon. 

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November 24/A to December \st. — Here we were then once 
more at sea, and although on board a ship of which the 
stability was very questionable, we had hopes, if the wind 
continued favourable, of reaching the coast of Guiana in the 
course of a few days. 

Our way was south-west and consequently with the 
wind, and although Curtis would not crowd on all sail lest 
the extra speed should have a tendency to spring the leak 
afresh, the " Chancellor " made a progress that was quite 
satisfactory. Life on board b^an to fall back into its 
former routine ; the feeling of insecurity and the conscious- 
ness that we were merely retracing our path doing much, 
however, to destroy the animated intercourse that would 
otherwise go on between passenger and passenger. 

The first few days passed without any incident worth 
recording, then on the 29th, the wind shifted to the north 
and it became necessary to brace the yards, trim the sails. 

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and take a starboard tack. This made the ship lurch very 
much on one side, and as Curtis felt that she was labouring 
far too heavily, he clued up the top-gallants, prudently 
reckoning that, under the circumstances, caution was far 
more important than speed. 

The night came on dark and foggy. The breeze freshened 
considerably, and, unfortunately for us, hailed from the 
north-west. Although we carried no top-sails at all, the 
ship seemed to heel over more than ever. Most of the 
passengers had retired to their cabins, but all the crew 
remained on deck, whilst Curtis never quitted his post 
upon the poop. 

Towards two[o'clock in the morning I was myself preparing 
to go to my cabin, when Burke, one of the sailors who had 
been down into the hold, came on deck with the ominous 

" Two feet of water below." 

In an instant Curtis and the boatswain had descended 
the ladder. The startling news was only too true; the 
sea-water was entering the hold, but whether the leak had 
sprung afresh, or whether the caulking in some of the seams 
was insufficient, it was then impossible to determine ; all 
that could be done was to let the ship go with the wind 
and wait for day. 

At daybreak they sounded again : — "Three feet of water! " 
was the report. I glanced at Curtis, his lips were white. 

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but he had not lost his self-possession. He quietly 
informed such of the passengers as were already on deck of 
the new danger that threatened us ; it was better that they 
should know the worst, and the fact could not be long con- 
cealed. I told M. Letoumeur that I could not help hoping 
that there might yet be time to reach the land before the 
last crisis came. Falsten was about to give vent to an 
expression of despair, but he was soon silenced by Miss 
Herbey asserting her confidence that all would yet be well. 

Curtis at once divided the crew into two sets, and made 
them work incessantly, turn and turn about, at the pumps. 
The men applied themselves to their task with resignation 
rather than with ardour ; the labour was hard and scarcely 
repaid them ; the pumps were constantly getting out of 
order, the valves hQing choked up by the ashes and bits^of 
cotton that were floating about in the hold, while every 
moment that was spent in cleaning or repairing them was 
so much time lost. 

Slowly, but surely, the water continued to rise, and on 
the following morning the soundings gave five feet for its 
depth. I noticed that Curtis's brow contracted each time 
that the boatswain or the lieutenant brought him their 
report There was no doubt it was only a question of time, 
and not for an instant must the efforts for keeping down 
the level be relaxed. Already the ship had sunk a foot 
lower in the water, and as her weight increased she no 

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longer rose buoyantly with the waves, but pitched and 
rolled considerably. 

All yesterday, and last night, the pumping continued ; 
but still the sea gained upon us. The crew are weary and 
discouraged, but the second officer and the boatswain set 
them a fine example of endurance, and the passengers have 
now begun to take their turn at the pumps; 

But all are conscious of toiling almost against hope ; we 
are no longer secured firmly to the solid soil of the Ham 
Rock reef, but we are floating over an abyss which daily, 
nay hourly, threatens to swallow us into its depths. 

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December 2nd and ^rd. — For four hours we have succeeded 
in keeping the water in the hold to one level ; now, how- 
ever, it is very evident that the time cannot be far distant 
when the pumps will be quite unequal to their task. 

Yesterday Curtis, who does not allow himself a minute s 
rest, niade a personal inspection of the hold. I, with the 
boatswain and carpenter, accompanied him. After dislodg- 
ing some of the bales of cotton we could hear a splashing, 
or rather gurgling sound; but whether the water was 
entering at the original aperture, or whether it found its 
way in through a general dislocation of the seams, we were 
unable to discover. But whichever might be the case, 
Curtis determined to try a plan which, by cutting off com- 
munication between the interior and exterior of the vessel, 
might, if only for a few hours, render her hull more water- 
tight. For this purpose he had some strong, well-tarred 
sails drawn upwards by ropes from below the keel, as high 

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as the previous leaking-place, and then fastened closely and 
securely to the side of the hull. The scheme was dubious, 
and the operation difficult, but for a time it was effectual, 
and at the close of the day the level of the water had 
actually been reduced by several inches. The diminution 
was small enough, but the consciousness that more water 
was escaping through the scupper-holes than was finding 
its way into the hold gave us fresh courage to persevere 
with our work. 

The night was dark, but the captain carried all the sail 
he could, eager to take every possible advantage of the 
wind, which was freshening considerably. If he could haye 
sighted a ship he would have made signals of distress, and 
would not have hesitated to transfer the passengers, and 
even have allowed the crew to follow, if they were ready to 
forsake him ; for himself his mind was made up, he should 
remain on board the "Chancellor" until she foundered 
beneath his feet No sail, however, hove in sight; con- 
sequently escape by such means was out of our power. 

During the night the canvas covering yielded to the 
pressure of the waves, and this morning, after taking the 
sounding, the boatswain could not suppress an oath when 
Jie announced " Six feet of water in the hold !" 

The ship, then, was filling once again, and already had 
sunk considerably below her previous water-line. With 
aching arms and bleeding hands we worked harder than 

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ever at the pumps, and Curtis makes those who are not 
pumping form a line and pass buckets, with all the speed 
they can, from hand to hand. 

But all in vain! At half-past eight more water is 
reported in the hold, and some of the sailors, overcome by- 
despair, refuse to work one minute longer. 

The first to abandon his post was Owen, a man whom 
I have mentioned before, as exhibiting something of a 
mutinous spirit. He is about forty years of age, and 
altogether unprepossessing in appearance ; his face is bare, 
with the exception of a reddish beard, which terminates in 
a point; his forehead is furrowed with sinister-looking 
wrinkles, his lips curl Inwards, and his ears protrude, 
whilst his bleared and bloodshot eyes are encircled with 
thick red rings. 

Amongst the five or six other men who had struck 
work, I noticed Jynxtrop the cook, who evidently shared 
all Owen's ill feelings. 

Twice did Curtis order the men back to the pumps, and 
twice did Owen, acting as spokesman for the rest, refuse ; 
and when Curtis made a step forward as though to approach 
him, he said savagely, — 

" I advise you not to touch me," and walked away to the 

Curtis descended to his cabin, and almost immediately 
returned with a loaded revolver in his hand 

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For a moment Owen surveyed the captain with a frown 
of defiance; but at a sign from Jynxtrop he seemed to 
recollect himself; and, with the remainder of the men, he 
returned to his work. 

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Deccfnber /^h. — The first attempt at mutiny being thus 
happily suppressed, it is to be hoped that Curtis will succeed 
as well in future. An insubordinate crew would render us 
powerless indeed. 

Throughout the night the pumps were kept, without 
respite, steadily at work, but without producing the least 
sensible benefit. The ship became so water-logged and 
heavy that she hardly rose at all to the waves, which con- 
sequently often washed over the deck and contributed their 
part towards aggravating our case. Our situation was 
rapidly becoming as terrible as it had been when the fire 
was raging in the midst of us ; and the prospect of being 
swallowed by the devouring billows was no less formidable 
than that of perishing in the flames. 

Curtis kept the men up to the mark, and, willing or 
unwilling, they had no alternative but to work on as best 
they might ; but, in spite of all their efforts, the water per- 

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petually rose, till, at length, the men in the hold who were 
passing the buckets found themselves immersed up to their 
waists and were obliged to come on deck. 

This morning, after a somewhat protracted consultation 
with Walter and the boatswain, Curtis resolved to abandon 
the ship. The only remaining boat was far too small to 
hold us all, and it would therefore be necessary to construct 
a raft that should carry those who could not find room in 
her. Dowlas the carpenter, Mr. Falsten, and ten sailors 
were told off to put the raft in hand, the rest of the crew 
being ordered to continue their work assiduously at the 
pumps, until the time came and everything was ready for 

Hatchet or saw in hand, the carpenter and his assistants 
made a banning without delay by cutting and trimming 
the spare yards and extra spars to a proper length. These 
were then lowered into the sea, which was propitiously 
calm, so as to favour the operation (which otherwise would 
have been very difficult) of lashing them together into a firm 
framework, about forty feet long and twenty-five feet wide, 
upon which the platform was to be supported. 

I kept my own place steadily at the pumps, and Andrfe 
Letoumeur worked at my side. I often noticed his father 
glance at him sorrowfully, as though he wondered what 
would become of him if he had to struggle with waves to 
which even the strongest man could hardly fail to succumb. 


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But come what may, his father will never forsake him, and 
I myself shall not be wanting in rendering him whatever 
assistance I can. 

Mrs. Kear, who had been for some time in a state of 
drowsy unconsciousness, was not informed of the immediate 
danger, but when Miss Herbey, looking somewhat pale 
with fatigue, paid one of her flying visits to the deck, I 
warned her to take every precaution for herself and to be 
ready for any emergency. 

" Thank you, doctor, I am always ready," she cheerfully 
replied, and returned to her duties below. I saw Andr6 
follow the young girl with his eyes, and a look of melan- 
choly interest passed over his countenance. 

Towards eight o'clock in the evening the framework for 
the raft was almost complete, and the men were lowering 
empty barrels, which had first been securely bunged, and 
were lashing them to the wood-work to insure its floating. 

Two hours later and suddenly there arose the startling 
cry, " We are sinking ! we are sinking !" 

Up to the poop rushed Mr. Kear, followed immediately 
by Falsten and Miss Herbey, who were bearing the inani- 
mate form of Mrs. Kear. Curtis ran to his cabin, instantly 
returning with a chart, a sextant, and a compass in his 

The scene that followed will ever be engraven in my 
memory ; the cries of distress, the general confusion, the 

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Page 115. 

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frantic rush of the sailors towards the raft that was not yet 
ready to support them, can never be forgotten. The whole 
period of my life seemed to be concentrated into that ter- 
rible moment when the planks bent below my feet and the 
ocean yawned beneath me. 

Some of the sailors had taken their delusive refuge in the 
shrouds, and I was preparing to follow them when a hand 
was laid upon my shoulder. Turning round I beheld 
M. Letoumeur, with tears in his eyes, pointing towards his 
son. '* Yes, my friend," I said, pressing his hand, " we will 
save him, if possible." 

But Curtis had already caught hold of the young man, 
and was hurrying him to the main-mast shrouds, when the 
" Chancellor," which had been scudding along rapidly with 
the wind, stopped suddenly, with a violent shock, and began 
to settle. -The sea rose over my ancles, and almost instinc- 
tively I clutched at the nearest rope. All at once, when it 
seemed all over, the ship ceased to sink, and hung motion- 
less in mid-ocean. 

I 2 

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Night of December 4/A. — Curtis caught young Letour- 
neur again in his aims, and running with him across the 
flooded deck deposited him safely in the starboard shrouds, 
whither his father and I climbed up beside Kim. 

I now had time to look about me. The night was not 
very dark, and I could see that Curtis had returned to his 
post upon the poop ; whilst in the extreme aft near the 
taflrail, which was still above water, I could distinguish the 
forms of Mr. and Mrs. Kear, Miss Herbey, and Mr. Falsten. 
The lieutenant and the boatswain were on the far end of 
the forecastlp ; the remainder of the crew in the shrouds 
and top-masts. 

By the assistance of his father, who carefully guided his 
feet up the rigging, Andr^ was hoisted into the main-top. 
Mrs. Kear could not be induced to join him in his elevated 
position, in spite of being told that if the wind were to 
freshen she would inevitably be washed overboard by the 

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waves ; nothing could induce her to listen to remonstrance, 
and she insisted upon remaining on the poop, Miss Herbey, 
of course, staying by her side. 

As soon as the captain saw the " Chancellor " was no 
longer sinking, he set to work to take down all the sails, 
yards and all, and the top-gallants, in the hope that by 
removing everything that could compromise the equilibrium 
of the ship he might diminish the chance of her capsizing 

"But may she not founder at any moment?" I said to 
Curtis, when I had joined him for a while upon the poop. 

"Everything depends upon the weather," he replied, 
in his calmest manner ; " that, of course, may change at 
any hour. One thing, however, is certain, the * Chan- 
cellor' preserves her equilibrium for the present." 

" But do you mean to say," I further asked, " that she 
can sail with two feet of water over her deck ?" 

" No, Mr. Kazallon, she can't sail, but she can drift with 
the wind, and if the wind remains in its present quarter, 
in the course of a few days we might possibly sight the 
coast. Besides, we shall have our raft as a last resource ; 
in a few hours it will be ready, and at daybreak we can 

"You have not then," I added, "abandoned all hope 
even yet }" I marvelled at his composure. 

" While there's life there's hope, you know, Mr, Kazallon ; 

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out of a hundred chances, ninety-nine may be against us^ 
but perhaps the odd one may be in our favour. Besides, 
I believe that our case is not without precedent. In the 
year 1795, a three-master, the 'Juno,* was precisely in the 
same half-sunk, water-logged condition as ourselves ; and 
yet with her passengers and crew clinging to her top-masts 
she drifted for twenty days until she came in sight of 
land, when those who had survived the deprivation and 
fatigue were saved. So let us not despair ; let us hold on 
to the hope that the survivors of the ' Chancellor ' may be 
equally fortunate." 

I was only too conscious that there was not much to be 
said in support of Curtis's sanguine view of things, and 
that the force of reason pointed all the other way ; but I 
said nothing, deriving what comfort I could from the fact 
that the captain did not yet despond of an ultimate rescue. 

As it was necessary to be prepared to abandon the ship* 
almost at a moment's notice, Dowlas was making every 
exertion to hurry on the construction of the raft. A little 
before midnight he was on the point of conveying some 
planks for this purpose, when, to his astonishment and 
horror, he found that the framework had totally disappeared. 
The ropes that had attached it to the vessel had snapped 
as she became vertically displaced, and probably it had 
been adrift for more than an hour. 

The crew were frantic at this new misfortune, and shout- 

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ing "Overboard with the masts !" they began to cut down 
the riggfing preparatory to taking possession of the masts 
for a new raft. 

But here Curtis interposed : — 

"Back to your places, my men; back to your places. 
The ship will not sink yet, so don't touch a rope until I 
give you leave." 

The firmness of the captain's voice brought the men to 
their senses, and although some of them could ill disguise 
their reluctance, all returned to their posts. 

When daylight had sufficiently advanced Curtis mounted 
the mast, and looked around for the missing raft ; but it 
was nowhere to be seen. THe sea was far too rough for 
the men to venture to take out the whale-boat in search of 
it, and there was no choice but to set to work and to con- 
struct a new raft immediately. 

Since the sea has become so much rougher, Mrs. Kear 
has been induced to leave the poop, and has managed to 
join M. Letourneur and his son on the main-top, where she 
lies in a state of complete prostration. I need hardly add 
that Miss Herbey continues in her unwearied attendance. 
The space to which these four people are limited is neces- 
sarily very small, nowhere measuring twelve feet across ; 
to prevent them losing their balance some spars have been 
lashed from shroud to shroud, and for the convenience of 
the two ladies Curtis has contrived to make a temporary 

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* ^ ' ' * 

awning of a sail Mr. Kear has installed himself with Silas 
Huntly on the foretop. 

A few cases of preserved meat and biscuit and some 
barrels of water, that floated between the masts after the 
submersion of the deck, have been hoisted to the top-masts 
and fastened firmly to the stays. These are now our only 

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December ^th. — The day was very hot. December in 
latitude i6° N. is a summer month, and unless a breeze 
should rise to temper the burning sun, we might expect to 
suffer from an oppressive heat. 

The sea still remained very rough, and as the heavy 
waves broke over the ship as though she were a reef, the 
foam flew up to the very top-masts, and our clothes were 
perpetually drenched by the spray. 

The *' Chancellor's " hull is three-fourths im merged : 
besides the three masts and the bowsprit, to which the 
whale-boat was suspended, the poop and the forecastle are 
the only portions that now are visible ; and as the inter- 
vening section of the deck is quite below the water, these 
appear to be connected only by the framework of the netting 
that runs along the vessel's sides. Communication between 
the top-masts is extremely difficult, and would be absolutely 
precluded, were it not that the sailors, with practised 

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dexterity, manage to hoist themselves about by means of 
the stays. For the passengers, cowering on their narrow 
and unstable platform, the spectacle of the raging sea below 
was truly terrific ; every wave that dashed over the ship 
shook tlie masts till they trembled again, and one could 
venture scarcely to look or to think lest he should be 
tempted to cast himself into the vast abyss. 

Meanwhile, the crew worked away with all their remain- 
ing vigour at the second raft, for which the top-gallants 
and yards were all obliged to be employed ; the planks, 
too, which were continually being loosened and broken 
away by the violence of the waves from the partitions of 
the ship, were rescued before they had drifted out of reach, 
and were brought into use. The symptoms of the ship 
foundering did not appear to be immediate ; so that Curtis 
insisted upon the raft being made with proper care to insure 
its strength ; we were still several hundred miles from the 
coast of Guiana, and for so long a voyage it was indispen- 
sable to have a structure of considerable solidity. The 
reasonableness of this was self-apparent, and as the crew 
had recovered their assurance they spared no pains to 
accomplish their work effectually. 

Of all the number, there was but one, an Irishman, 
named 0*Ready, who seemed to question the utility of all 
their toil. He shook his head with an oracular gravity. 
He is an oldish man, not less than sixty, with his hair and 

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beard bleached with the storms of many travels. As I was 
making my way towards the poop, he came up to me and 
began talking. 

" And why, bedad, I'd like to know, why is it that they'll 
all be afther lavin' of the ship ?" 

He turned his quid with the most serene composure, and 
continued, — 

"And isn't it me myself that's been wrecked nine times 
already ? and sure, poor fools are they that ever have put 
their trust in rafts or boats : sure and they found a wathery 
grave. Nay, nay ; while the ould ship lasts, let's stick to- 
her, says I." 

Having thus unburdened his mind he relapsed into 
silence, and soon went away. 

About three o'clock I noticed that Mr. Kear and Silas 
Huntly were holding an animated conversation in the fore- 
top. The petroleum merchant had evidently some difficulty 
in bringing the ex-captain round to his opinion, for I saw 
him several times shake his head as he gave long and 
scrutinizing looks at the sea and sky. In less than an hour 
afterwards I saw Huntly let himself down by the forestays 
and clamber along to the fore-castle, where he joined the 
group of sailors, and I lost sight of him. 

I attached little importance to the incident, and shortly 
afterwards joined the party in the main-top, where we con- 
tinued talking for some hours. The heat was intense, and 

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if it had not been for the shelter afforded by the sail-tent, 
would have been unbearable. At five o'clock we took as 
refreshment some dried meat and biscuit, each individual 
being also allowed half a glass of water. Mrs. Kear, pros- 
trate with fever, could not touch a mouthful ; and nothing 
could be done by Miss Herbey to relieve her, beyond 
occasionally moistening her parched lips. The unfortunate 
lady suffers greatly, and sometimes 1 am inclined to think 
that she will succumb to the exposure and privation. Not 
once had her husband troubled himself about her ; but 
when shortly afterwards I heard him hail some of the 
sailors on the forecastle and ask them to help him down 
from the foretop, I began to think that the selfish fellow 
was coming to join his wife. 

At first the sailors took no notice of his request, but on 
his repeating it with the promise of paying them hand- 
somely for their services, two of them, Burke and Sandon, 
swung themselves along the netting into the shrouds, and 
were soon at his side. 

A long discussion ensued. The men evidently were 
asking more than Mr. Kear was inclined to give, and at one 
time it seemed as though the negotiation would fall through 
altogether. But at length the bargain was struck, and I 
saw Mr. Kear take a bundle of paper dollars from his 
waistcoat pocket, and hand a number of them over to 
one of the men. The man counted them carefully, and 

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from the time it took him, I should think that he could 
not have pocketed anything less than a hundred 

The next business was to get Mr. Kear down from the 
foretop, and Burke and Sandon proceeded to tie a rope 
round his waist, which they afterwards fastened to the fore- 
stay ; then, in a way which provoked shouts of laughter 
from their mates, they gave the unfortunate man a shove, 
and sent him rolling down like a bundle of dirty clothes on 
to the forecastle. 

I was quite mistaken as to his object Mr. Kear had no 
intention of looking after his wife, but remained by the 
side of Silas Huntly until the gathering darkness hid them 
both from view. 

As night drew on, the wind grew calmer, but the sea 
remained verj" rough. The moon had been up ever since 
four in the afternoon, though she only appeared at rare 
intervals between the clouds. Some long lines of vapour 
on the horizon were tinged with a rosy glare that foreboded 
a strong breeze for the morrow, and all felt anxious to 
know from which quarter the breeze would come, for any 
but a north-easter would bear the frail raft on which we 
were to embark far away from land. 

About eight o'clock in the evening, Curtis mounted to 
the main-top, but he seemed preoccupied and anxious, and 
did not speak to any one. He remained for a quarter of 

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an hour, then after silently pressing my hand, he returned 
to his old post 

I laid myself down in the narrow space at my disposal, 
and tried to sleep ; but my mind was filled with strange 
forebodings, and sleep was impossible. The very calmness 
of the atmosphere was oppressive ; scarcely a breath of air 
vibrated through the metal rigging, and yet the sea rose 
with a heavy swell as though it felt the warnings of a 
coming tempest 

All at once, at about eleven o'clock, the moon burst 
brightly forth through a rift in the clouds, and the waves 
sparkled again as if illumined by a submarine glimmer. I 
start up and look around me. Is it merely imagination ? 
or do I really see a black speck floating on the dazzling 
whiteness of the waters, a speck that cannot be a rock, 
because it rises and falls with the heaving motion of the 
billows ? But the moon once again becomes overclouded ; 
the sea is darkened, and I return to my uneasy couch close 
to the larboard shrouds. 

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December 6tk, — I must have fallen asleep for a few hours, 
when at four o'clock in the morning, I was rudely aroused 
by the roaring of the wind, and could distinguish Curtis's 
voice as he shouted in the brief intervals between the 
heavy gusts. 

I got up, and holding tightly to the purlin — ^for the 
waves made the masts tremble with their violence — I tried 
to look around and below me. The sea was literally raging 
beneath, and great masses of livid-looking foam were dash- 
ing between the masts, which were oscillating terrifically. 
It was still dark, and I could only faintly distinguish two 
figures on the stem, whom, by the sound of their voices, 
that I caught occasionally above the tumult, I made out to 
be Curtis and the boatswain. 

• Just at that moment a sailor, who had mounted to the 
main-top to do something to the rigging, passed close 
behind me. 

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"What's the matter?" I asked. 

"The wind has changed," he answered, adding some- 
thing which I could not hear distinctly, but which sounded 
like " dead against us." 

Dead against us I then, thought I, the wind had shifted 
to the south-west, and my last night's forebodings had 
been correct. 

When daylight at length appeared, I found the wind, 
although not blowing actually from the south-west, had 
veered round to the north-west, a change which was equally 
disastrous to us, inasmuch as it was carrying us away from 
land. Moreover, the ship had sunk considerably during 
the night, and there were now five feet of water above 
deck; the side netting had completely disappeared, and 
the forecastle and the poop were now all but on a level 
with the sea, which washed over them incessantly. With 
all possible expedition Curtis and his crew were labouring 
away at their raft, but the violence of the swell materially 
impeded their operations, and it became a matter of doubt 
as to whether the woodwork would not fall asunder before 
it could be properly fastened together. 

As I watched the men at their work M. Letoumeur, with 
one arm supporting his son, came and stood by my side. 

"Don't you think this main-top will soon give way ?" he 
said, as the narrow platform on which we stood creaked 
and groaned with the swaying of the masts. 

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Miss Herbey heard his words, and pointing towards 
Mrs. Kear, who was lying prostrate at her feet, asked what 
we thought ought to be done. 

" We can do nothing but stay where we are," I replied. 

•* No ;" said Andr6, " this is our best refuge ; I hope you 
are not afraid." 

" Not for myself/' said the young girl quietly, " only for 
those to whom life is precious." 

At a quarter to eight we heard the boatswain calling to 
the sailors in the bows. 

"Ay, ay, sir," said one of the men — O'Ready, I think. 

"Where's the whale-boat ?" shouted the boatswain. 

" I don't know, sir. Not with us," was the reply. 

" She's gone adrift, then !" 

And sure enough the whale-boat was no longer hanging 
from the bowsprit; and in a moment the discovery was 
made that Mr. Kear, Silas Huntly, and three sailors, — a 
Scotchman and two Englishmen, — were missing. Afraid 
that the ''Chancellor" would founder before the com- 
pletion of the raft, Kear and Huntly had plotted together 
to effect their escape, and had bribed the three sailors to 
seize the only remaining boat. 

This, then, was the black speck that I had seen during 
the night. The miserable husband had deserted his wife, 
the faithless captain had abandoned the ship that had once 
been under his command. 


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"There are five saved, then," said the boatswain. 

" Faith, an it's five lost ye*ll be maning," said O'Ready ; 
and the state of the sea fully justified his opinion. 

The crew were furious when they heard of the surrep-, 
titious flight, and loaded the fugitives with all the invectives 
they could lay their tongues to. So enraged were they at 
the dastardly trick of which they had been made the dupes, 
that if chance should bring the deserters again on board I 
should be sorry to answer for the consequences. 

In accordance with my advice, Mrs. Kear has not been 
informed of her husband's disappearance. The unhappy 
lady is wasting away with a fever for which we are power- 
less to supply a remedy, for the medicine-chest was lost 
when the ship beg^n to sink. Nevertheless, I do not think 
we have anything to regret on that score, feeling, as I 
do, that in a case like Mrs. Kear's, drugs would be of no 

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December 6th continued. — The " Chancellor " no longer 
maintained her equilibrium ; we felt that she was gradually 
going down, and her hull was probably breaking up. The 
main-top was already only ten feet above the water, whilst 
the bowsprit, with the exception of the extreme end, that 
rose obliquely from the waves, was entirely covered. 

The " Chancellor*s " last day, we felt, had come. 

Fortunately the raft was all but finished, and unless 
Curtis preferred to wait till morning we should be able to 
embark in the evening. 

The raft is a very solid structure. The spars that form 
the framework are crossed one above another and lashed 
together with stout ropes, so that the whole pile rises a 
couple of feet above the water. The upper platform is 
constructed from the planks that were broken from the 
ship's sides by the violence of the waves, and which had 
not drifted away. The afternoon has been employed in 

K 2 

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charging the raft with such provisions, sails, tools, and 
instruments as we have been able to save. 

And how can I attempt to give any idea of the feelings 
with which, one and all, we now contemplated the fate 
before us ? For my own part I was possessed rather by a 
benumbed indifference than by any sense of genuine resig- 
nation. M. Letourneur was entirely absorbed in his son, 
who, in his turn, thought only of his father; at the 
same time exhibiting a caUn Christian fortitude, which 
was shown by no one else of the party except Miss 
Herbey, who faced her danger with the same brave com- 
posure. Incredible as it may seem, Falsten remained the 
same as ever, occupying himself with writing down figures 
and memoranda in his pocket-book. Mrs. Kear, in spite 
of all that Miss Herbey could do for her, was evidently 

With regard to the sailors, two or three of them were 
calm enough, but the rest had well-nigh lost their wits. 
Some of the more ill-disposed amongst them seemed 
inclined to run into excesses ; and their conduct, under the 
bad influence of Owen and Jynxtrop, made it doubtful 
whether they would submit to control when once we were 
limited to the narrow dimensions of the raft Lieutenant 
Walter, although his courage never failed him, was worn 
out with bodily fatigue, and obliged to give up all active 
labour ; but Curtis and the boatswain were resolute, ener- 

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getic and firm as ever. To borrow an expression from the 
language of metallurgic art, they were men "at the 
highest degree of hardness." 

At five o'clock one of our companions in misfortune was 
released from her sufferings. Mrs. Kear, after a most dis- 
tressing illness, through which her young companion tended 
her with the most devoted care, has breathed her last. A 
few deep sighs and all was over, and I doubt whether the 
sufferer was ever conscious of the peril of her situation. 

The night passed on without further incident. Towards 
morning I touched the dead woman's hand, and it was cold 
and stiff. The corpse could not remain any longer on the 
main-top, and after Miss Herbey and I had carefully 
wrapped the garments about it, with a few short prayers 
the body of the first victim of our miseries was committed 
to the deep. 

As the sea closed over the body I heard one of the men 
in the shrouds say, — 

"There goes a carcase that we shall be sorry we have 
thrown away!" 

I looked round sharply. It was Owen who had spoken. 
But horrible as were his words, the conviction was forced 
upon my mind that the day could not be far distant when 
we must want for food. 

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December yth, — The ship was sinking rapidly ; the water 
had risen to the fore-top ; the poop and forecastle were 
completely submerged ; the top of the bowsprit had dis- 
appeared, and only the three mast-tops projected from the 

But all was ready on the raft ; an erection had beea 
made on the fore to hold a mast, which was supported by 
shrouds fastened to the sides of the platform ; this mast 
carried a large royal. 

Perhaps, after all, these few frail planks will carry us to- 
the shore which the " Chancellor " has failed to reach ; at 
any rate, we cannot yet resign all hope. 

We were just on the point of embarking at 7 a.m. when 
the " Chancellor " all at once began to sink so rapidly that 
the carpenter and men who were on the raft were obliged 
with all speed to cut the ropes that secured it to the vessel 
to prevent it from being swallowed up in the eddying waters. 

Anxiety, the most intense, took possession of us all. At 

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the very ipoment when the ship was descending into the 
fathomless abyss, the raft, our only hope of safety, was 
drifting off before our eyes. Two of the sailors and an 
apprentice, beside themselves with terror, threw themselves 
headlong into the sea ; but it was evident from the very 
first that they were quite powerless to combat the winds 
and waves. Escape was impossible ; they could neither 
reach the raft, nor return to the ship. Curtis tied a rope 
round his waist and tried to swim to their assistance ; but 
long before he could reach them the unfortunate men, after 
a vain struggle for life, sank below the waves and were 
seen no more. Curtis, bruised and beaten with the §urf that 
raged about the mast-heads, was hauled back to the ship. 

Meantime, Dowlas and his men, by means of some spars 
which they used as oars, were exerting themselves to bring 
back the raft, which had drifted about two cables-lengths 
away ; but, in spite of all their efforts, it was fully an 
hour, — an hour which seemed to us, waiting as we were 
with the water up to the level of the top-masts, like an 
eternity — ^before they succeeded in bringing the raft along- 
side, and lashing it once again to the "Chancellor's" 

Not a moment was then to be lost. The waves were 
eddying like a whirlpool around the submerged vessel, and 
numbers of enormous air-bubbles were rising to the surface 
of the water. 

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The time was come. At Curtis*s word "Embark!" we 
all hurried to the raft Andv6, who insisted upon seeing 
Miss Herbey go first, was helped safely on to the platform, 
where his father immediately joined him. In a very few 
minutes all except Curtis and old O'Ready had left the 

Curtis remained standing on the main-top, deeming it 
not only his duty, but his right, to be the last to leave the 
vessel he had loved so well, and the loss of which he 
so much deplored. 

"Now then, old fellow, off of this!" cried the captain to 
the old Irishman, who did not move. 

"And is it quite sure ye are that she's sinkin ?" he said. 

" Ay, ay ! sure enough, my man ; and you'd better look 

" Faith, then, and I think I will ;" and not a moment too 
soon (for the water was up to his waist) he jumped on to 
the raft. 

Having cast one last, lingering look around him, Curtis 
then left the ship ; the rope was cut and we went slowly 
adrift. , 

All eyes were fixed upon the spot where the "Chan- 
cellor" lay foundering. The top of the mizen was the 
first to disappear, then followed the main-top ; and soon, 
of what had been a noble vessel, not a vestige was to be 

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Will this frail float, forty feet by twenty, bear us in 
safety ? Sink it cannot ; the material of which it is com- 
posed is of a kind that must surmount the waves. But it 
is questionable whether it will hold together. The cords 
that bind it will have a tremendous strain to bear in 
resisting the violence of the sea. The most sanguine 
amongst us trembles to face the future ; the most confident 
dares to think only of the present. After the manifold 
perils of the last seventy-two days' voyage all are too 
agitated to look forward without dismay, to what in all 
human probability must be a time of the direst distress. 

Vain as the task may seem, I will not pause in my work 
of registering the events of our drama, as scene after scene 
they are unfolded before our eyes. 

Of the twenty-eight persons who left Charleston in the 
** Chancellor," only eighteen are left to huddle together 
upon this narrow raft; this number includes the five 

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passengers, namely, M. Letourneur, Andrd, Miss Herbey, 
Falsten, and myself; the ship's officers, Captain Curtis, 
Lieutenant Walter, the boatswain, Hobart the steward, 
Jynxtrop the cook, and Dowlas the carpenter ; and seven 
sailors, Austin, Owen, Wilson, O'Ready, Burke, Sandon, 
and Flaypole. 

Such are the passengers on the raft ; it is but a brief 
task to enumerate their resources. 

The greater part of the provisions in the store-room were 
destroyed at the time when the ship's deck was submerged, 
and the small quantity that Curtis has been able to save 
will be very inadequate to supply the wants of eighteen 
people, who too probably have many days to wait ere they 
sight either land or a passing vessel. One cask of biscuit, 
another of preserved meat, a small keg of brandy, and two 
barrels of water complete our store, so that the utmost 
frugality in the distribution of our daily rations becomes 
absolutely necessary. 

Of spare clothes we have positively none ; a few sails 
will serve for shelter by day, and covering by night. 
Dowlas has his carpenter's tools, we have each a pocket- 
knife, and O'Ready an old tin pot, of which he takes the 
most tender care ; in addition to these, we are in possession 
of a sextant, a compass, a chart, and a metal tea-kettle, every- 
thing else that was placed on deck in readiness for the first 
raft having been lost in the partial submersion of the vessel. 

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Such then is our situation ; critical indeed, but after all 
perhaps not desperate. We have one great fear; some 
there are amongst us whose courage, moral as well as 
physical, may give way, and over failing spirits such as 
these we may have no control. 

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December yth continued. — Our first day on the raft has 
passed without any special incident. At eight o'clock this 
morning Curtis asked our attention for a moment. 

" My friends," he said, " listen to me. Here on this raft, 
just as when we were on board the * Chancellor,* I consider 
myself your captain ; and as your captain, I expect that all 
of you will strictly obey my orders. Let me beg of you, 
one and all, to think solely of our common welfare ; let us 
work with one heart and with one soul, and may Heaven 
protect us !" 

After delivering these few words with an emotion that 
evidenced their earnestness, the captain consulted his com- 
pass, and found that the freshening breeze was blowing 
from the north. This was fortunate for us, and no time 
was to be lost in taking advantage of it to speed us on 
our dubious way. Dowlas was occupied in fixing the mast 
into the socket that had already been prepared for its 

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reception, and in order to support it more firmly he placed 
spurs of wood, forming arched buttresses, on either side. 
While he was thus employed the boatswain and the other 
seamen were stretching the large royal sail on the yard 
that had been reserved for that purpose. 

By half-past nine the mast was hoisted, and held firmly 
in its place by some shrouds attached securely to the sides 
of the raft ; then the sail was run up and trimmed to the 
wind, and the raft began to make a perceptible progress 
under the brisk breeze. 

As soon as we had once started, the carpenter set to 
work to contrive some sort of a rudder, that would enable 
us to maintain our desired direction. Curtis and Falsten 
assisted him with some serviceable suggestions, and . in a 
couple of hours' time he had made and fixed to the back 
of the raft a kind of paddle, very similar to those used 
by the Malays. 

At noon, after the necessary preliminary observations, 
Curtis took the altitude of the sun. The result gave 
lat. 15° 7' N. by long. 49° 35' W. as our position, which, on 
consulting the chart, proved to be about 650 miles north- 
east of the coast of Paramaribo in Dutch Guiana. 

Now even under the most favourable circumstances, with 
trade-winds and weather always in our favour, we cannot 
by any chance hope to make more than ten or twelve miles 
a day, so that the voyage cannot possibly be performed 

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under a period of two months. To be sure there is the 
hope to be indulged that we may fall in with a passing 
vessel, but as the part of the Atlantic into which we have 
been driven is intermediate between the tracks of the 
French and English Transatlantic steamers either from the 
Antilles or the Brazils, we cannot reckon at all upon such 
a contingency happening in our favour ; whilst if a calm 
should set in, or worse still, if the wind were to blow from 
the east, not only two months, but twice, nay, three times that 
length of time will be required to accomplish the passage. 

At best, however, our provisions, even though used with 
the greatest care, will barely last three months. Curtis 
has called us into consultation, and as the working of the 
raft does not require such labour as to exhaust our physical 
strength, all have agreed to submit to a regimen which, 
although it will suffice to keep us alive, will certainly not 
fully satisfy the cravings of hunger and thirst 

As far as we can estimate, we have somewhere about 
500 lbs. of meat and about the same quantity of biscuit. 
To make this last for three months we ought not to con- 
sume very much more than 5 lbs. a day of each, which, 
when divided among eighteen people, will make the daily 
ration $ oz. of meat and 5 oz. of biscuit for each person. 
Of water we have certainly not more than 200 gallons, but 
by reducing each person's allowance to a pint a day, we 
hope to eke out that, too, over the space of three months. 

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It is arranged that the food shall be distributed under 
the boatswain's superintendence every ipoming at ten 
o'clock. Each person will then receive his allowance 
of meat and biscuit, which may be eaten when and how he 
pleases. The water will be given out twice a day — ^at ten 
in the morning and six in the evening ; but as the only 
drinking-vessels in our possession are the tea-kettle and 
the old Irishman's tin pot, the water has to be consumed 
immediately on distribution. As for the brandy, of which 
there are only five gallons, it will be doled out with the 
strictest limitation, and no one will be allowed to touch it 
except with the captain's express permission. 

I should not forget that there are two sources from 
which we may hope to increase our store. First, any rain 
that may fall will add to our supply of water, and two 
■empty barrels have been placed ready to receive it; 
secondly, we hope to do something in the way of fishing, 
and the sailors have already begun to prepare some lines. 

All have mutually agreed to abide by the rules that have 
been laid down, for all are fully aware that by nothing but 
the most precise regimen can we hope to avert the horrors 
of famine, and forewarned by the fate of many who in 
similar circumstances have miserably perished, we are 
determined to do all that prudence can suggest for hus- 
banding our stores. 

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December Zth to 17 th, — When night came we wrapped 
ourselves in our sails. For my own part, worn out with 
the fatigue of the long watch in the top-mast, I slept for 
several hours ; M. Letoumeur and Andrd did the same, 
and Miss Herbey obtained sufficient rest to relieve the 
tired expression that her countenance had lately been 
wearing. The night passed quietly. As the raft was not 
very heavily laden the waves did not break over it at all, 
and we were consequently able to keep ourselves perfectly 
dry. To say the truth, it was far better for us that the 
sea should remain somewhat boisterous, for any diminution 
in the swell of the waves would indicate that the wind had 
dropped, and it was with a feeling of regret that when 
the morning came I had to note down "weather calm" in 
my journal. 

In these low latitudes the heat in the day-time is so 
intense, and the sun bums with such an incessant glare, 

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hat the entire atmosphere becomes pervaded with a 
glowing vapour. The wind, too, blows only in fitful gusts, 
and through long intervals of perfect calm the sails flap 
idly and uselessly agfainst the mast. Curtis and the 
boatswain, however, are of opinion that we are not entirely 
dependent on the wind. Certain indications, which a 
sailor's eye alone could detect, make them almost sure that 
we are being carried along by a westerly current, that flows 
at the rate of three or four miles an hour. If they are not 
mistaken, this is a circumstance that may materially assist 
our progress, and at which we can hardly fail to rejoice, 
for the high temperature often makes our scanty allowance 
of water quite inadequate to allay our thirst 

But with all our hardships I must confess that our 
condition is far preferable to what it was when we were 
still clinging to the " Chancellor." Here at least we have 
a comparatively solid platform beneath our feet, and we 
are relieved from the incessant dread of being carried down 
with a foundering vessel. In the day-time we can move 
about with a certain amount of freedom, discuss the 
weather, watch the sea, and examine our fishing-lines; 
whilst at night we can rest securely under the shelter 
of our sails. 

" I really think, Mr. Kazallon," said Andre Letoumeur 
to me a few days after we had embarked, " that our time 
on board the raft passes as pleasantly as it did upon Ham 


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Rock ; and the raft has one advantage even over the reeC 
for it is capable of motion." 

"Yes, Andr^," I replied, "as long as the wind continues 
favourable the raft has decidedly the advantage ; but sup- 
posing the wind shifts, what then ?" 

" Oh, we musn't think about that," he said ; " let us keep 
up our courage while we can." 

I felt that he was right, and that the dangers we had 
escaped should make us more hopeful for the future ; and 
I think that nearly all of us are inclined to share his 

Whether the captain is equally sanguine I am unable 
to say. He holds himself very much aloof, and as he 
evidently feels that he has the great responsibility of 
saving other lives than his own, we are reluctant to disturb 
his silent meditations. 

Such of the crew as are not on watch spend the greater 
portion of their time in dozing on the fore part of the raft. 
The aft, by the captain's orders, has been reserved for the 
use of us passengers, and by erecting some uprights we 
have contrived to make a sort of tent, which affords some 
shelter from the burning sun. On the whole our bill of 
health is tolerably satisfactory. Lieutenant Walter is the 
only invalid, and he, in spite of all our careful nursing, 
seems to get weaker every day. 

Andr6 Letourneur is the life of our party, and I have 

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never appreciated the young man so well His originality 
of perception makes his conversation both lively and enter- 
taining, and as he talks, his wan and suffering countenance 
lights up with an intelligent animation. His father seems 
to become more devoted to him than ever, and I have seen 
him sit for an hour at a time, with his hand resting on his 
son's, listening eagerly to his every word. 

Miss Herbey occasionally joins in our conversation, but 
although we all do our best to make her foiget that she 
has lost those who should have been her natural protectors, 
M. Letourneur is the only one amongst us to whom she 
speaks without a certain reserve. To him, whose age gives 
him something of the authority of a father, she has told the 
history of her life — a life of patience and self-denial such as 
not unfrequently falls to the lot of orphans. She had 
been, she said, two years with Mrs. Kear, and although 
now left alone in the world, homeless and without resources, 
hope for the future does not fail her. The young ladys 
modest deportment and energy of character command the 
respect of all on board, and I do not think that even the 
coarsest of the sailors has either by word or gesture acted 
towards her in a way that she could deem offensive. 

The 1 2th, 13th, and 14th of December passed away with- 
out any change in our condition. The wind continued to 
blow in irregular gusts, but always in the same direction, and 
the helm, or rather the paddle at the back of the raft has 

L 2 

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never once required shifting; and the watch, who are 
posted on the fore, under orders to examine the sea with 
the most scrupulous attention, have had no change of any 
kind to report 

At the end of a week we found ourselves growing accus- 
tomed to our limited diet, and as we had no manual 
exertion, and no wear and tear of our physical constitution, 
we managed very well. Our greatest deprivation was the 
short supply of water, for, as I said before, the unmitigated 
heat made our thirst at times very painful. 

On the isth we held high festival. A shoal of fish, of 
the spams tribe, swarmed round the raft, and although our 
tackle consisted merely of long cords baited with morsels 
of dried meat stuck upon bent nails, the fish were so 
voracious that in the course of a couple of days we 
had caught as many as weighed almost 200 lbs., some of 
which were grilled, and others boiled in sea-water over 
a fire made on the fore part of the raft. This marvellous 
haul was doubly welcome, inasmuch as it not only afibrded 
us a change of diet, but enabled us to economize our 
stores; if only some rain had fallen at the same time 
we should have been more than satisfied. 

Unfortunately the shoal of fish did not remain long 
in our vicinity. On the 17th they all disappeared, and 
some sharks, not less than twelve or fifteen feet long, 
belonging to the species of spotted dog-fish, took their 

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Page 148. 

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place. These horrible creatures have black backs and fins, 
covered with white spots and stripes. Here, on our low 
raft, we seem almost on a level with them, and more than 
once their tails have struck the spars with terrible violence. 
The sailors manage to keep them at a distance by means 
of handspikes, but I shall not be surprised if they persist in 
following us, instinctively intelligent that we are destined 
to become their prey. For myself, I confess that they 
give me a feeling of uneasiness; they seem to me like 
monsters of ill-omen. 

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December iZth to 20tk. — On the i8th the wind freshened 
a little, but as it blew from the same favourable quarter we 
did not complain, and only took the precaution of putting 
an extra support to the mast, so that it should not snap 
with the tension of the sail. This done, the raft was 
carried along with something more than its ordinary speed, 
and left a long line of foam in its wake. 

In the afternoon the sky became slightly overclouded, 
and the heat consequently somewhat less oppressive. The 
swell made it more difRcult for the raft to keep its balance, 
and we shipped two or three heavy seas ; but the carpenter 
managed to make with some planks a kind of wall about a 
couple of feet high, which protected us from the direct 
action of the waves. Our casks of food and water were 
secured to the raft with double ropes, for we dared not run 
the risk of their being carried overboard, an accident that 
would at once have reduced us to the direst distress. 

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In the course of the day the sailors gathered some of the 
marine plants known by the name of sargassos, very 
similar to those we saw in such profusion between the 
Bermudas and Ham Rock. I advised my companions to 
chew the laminary tangles, which they would find contained 
a saccharine juice, affording considerable relief to their 
parched lips and throats. 

The remainder of the day passed without incident I 
should not, however, omit to mention that the frequent 
conferences held amongst the sailors, especially between 
Owen, Burke, Flaypole, Wilson, and Jynxtrop, the negro, 
aroused some uneasy suspicions in my mind. What was the 
subject of their conversation I could not discover, for they 
became silent immediately that a passenger or one of the 
officers approached them. When I mentioned the matter to 
Curtis I found he had already noticed these secret inter- 
views, and that they had given him enough concern to 
make him determined to keep a strict eye upon Jynxtrop 
and Owen, who, rascals as they were themselves, were 
evidently trying to disaffect their mates. 

On the 19th the heat was again excessive. The sky was 
cloudless, and as there was not enough wind to fill the sail 
the raft lay motionless upon the surface of the water. 
Some of the sailors found a transient alleviation for their 
thirst by plunging into the sea, but as we were fully aware 
that the water all round was infested with sharks, none of 

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US was rash enough to follow their example, though if, as 
seems likely, we remain long becalmed, we shall probably 
in time overcome our fears, and feel constrained to indulge 
ourselves with a bath. 

The health of Lieutenant Walter continues to cause us 
grave anxiety, the young man being weakened by attacks 
of intermittent fever. Except for the loss of the medicine- 
chest we might have temporarily reduced this by quinine ; 
but it is only too evident that the poor fellow is con- 
sumptive^ and that that hopeless malady is making ravages 
upon him that no medicine could permanently arrest. 
His sharp dry cough, his short breathing, his profuse 
perspirations, more especially in the morning ; the pinched- 
in nose, the hollow cheeks, of which the general pallour is 
only relieved by a hectic flush, the contracted lips, the too 
brilliant eye and wasted form — all bear witness to a slow 
but sure decay. 

To-day, the 20th, the temperature is as high as ever, and 
the raft still .motionless. The rays of the sun penetrate 
even through the shelter of our tent, where we sit literally 
gasping with the heat. The impatience with which we 
awaited the moment when the boatswain should dole out 
our meagre allowance of water, and the eagerness with 
which those lukewarm drops were swallowed, can only be 
realized by those who for themselves have endured the 
agonies of thirst. 

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Lieutenant Walter suffers more than any of us from the 
scarcity of water, and I noticed that Miss Herbey reserved 
almost the whole of her own share for his use. Kind and 
compassionate as ever, the young girl does all that lies in 
her power to relieve the poor fellow's sufferings. 

"Mr. Kazallon," she said to me this morning, "that 
young man gets manifestly weaker every day." . 

" Yes, Miss Herbey, " I replied, " and how sorrowful it 
is that we can do nothing for him, absolutely nothing." 

"Hush!" she said, with her wonted consideration, "per- 
haps he will hear what we are saying." 

And then she sat down near the edge of the raft, where, 
with her head resting on her hands, she remained lost in 

An incident sufficiently unpleasant occurred to-day. For 
nearly an hour Owen, Flaypole, Burke, and Jynxtrop had 
been engaged in close conversation and, although their 
voices were low, their gestures had betrayed that they were 
animated by some strong excitement. At the conclusion 
of the colloquy Owen got up and walked deliberately to the 
quarter of the raft that has been reserved for the use of the 

" Where are you off to now, Owen ?" said the boatswain^ 

"That's my business," said the man insolently, and 
pursued his course. 

The boatswain was about to stop him, but before he 

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could interfere Curtis was standing and looking Owen 
steadily in the face. 

"Ah, captain, I've got a word from my mates to say to 
you," he said, with all the effrontery imaginable. 

" Say on, then," said the captain coolly. 

"Wc should like to know about that little keg of 
brandy. Is it being kept for the porpoises or the officers ? " 

Finding that he obtained no reply, he went on, — 

" Look here, captain, what we want is to have our grog 
served out every morning as usual" 

" Then you certainly will not," said the captain. 

"What! what!" exclaimed Owen, "don't you mean to 
let us have our grog ? " 

" Once and for all, no." 

For a moment^ with a malicious grin upon his lips, Owen 
stood confronting the captain; then, as though thinking 
better of himself, he turned round and rejoined his com- 
panions, who were still talking together in an undertone. 

When I was afterwards discussing the matter with 
Curtis I asked him whether he was sure he had done right 
in refusing the brandy. 

"Right!" he cried, "to be sure I have. Allow those 
men to have brandy ! I would throw it all overboard first" 

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December 2\st — No further disturbance has taken place 
amongst the men. For a few hours the fish appeared 
again, and we caught a g^eat many of them, and stored 
them away in an empty barrel. This addition to our stock 
of provisions makes us hope that food, at least, will not 
fail us. 

Usually the nights in the tropics are cool, but to-day, as 
evening drew on, the wonted freshness did not return, but 
the air remained stifling and oppressive, whilst heavy 
masses of vapour hung over the water. 

There was no moonlight ; there would be a new moon 
at half-past one in the morning, but the night was singu- 
larly dark, except for dazzling flashes of summer lightning 
that from time to time illumined the horizon far and wide. 
There was, however, no answering roll of thunder, and the 
silence of the atmosphere seemed almost awfuL 

For a couple of hours, in the vain hope of catching a 

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breath of air, Miss Herbey, Andr^ Letourneur, and I, sat 
watching the imposing struggle of the electric vapours. 
The clouds appeared like embattled turrets crested with 
flame, and the very sailors, coarse-minded men as they 
were, seemed struck with the grandeur of the spectacle, and 
regarded attentively, though with an anxious eye, the pre- 
liminary tokens of a coming storm. Until midnight we 
kept our seats upon the stern of the raft, whilst the light- 
ning ever and again shed around us a livid glare similar to 
that produced by adding salt to lighted alcohol. 

" Are you afraid of a storm, Miss Herbey ? " said Andr6 
to the girl. 

" No, Mr. Andr^, my feelings are always rather those of 
awe than of fear," she replied. " I consider a storm one of 
the sublimest phenomena that we can behold — don't you 
think so too?" 

" Yes, and especially when the thunder is pealing," he 
said ; "that majestic rolling, far different to the sharp crash 
of artillery, rises and falls like the long-drawn notes of the 
grandest music,, and I can safely say that the tones of the 
most accomplished artiste have never moved me like that 
incomparable voice of nature." 

" Rather a deep bass, though," I said, laughing. 

" That may be," he answered ; " but I wish we might 
hear it now, for this silent lightning is somewhat unex- 

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"Never mind that, Andr^," I said ; "enjoy a storm when 
it comes, if you like, but pray don't wish for it." 

"And why not ?" said he ; "a storm will bring us wind, 
you know." 

"And water, too," added Miss Herbey, "the water of 
which we are so seriously in need." 

The young people evidently wished to regard the storm 
from their own point of view, and although I could have 
opposed plenty of common sense to their poetical senti- 
ments, I said no more, but let them talk on as they pleased 
for fully an hour. 

Meantime the sky was becoming quite overclouded, and 
after the zodiacal constellations had disappeared in the 
mists that hung round the horizon, one by one the stars 
above our heads were veiled in dark rolling masses of 
vapour, from which every instant there issued forth sheets 
of electricity that formed a vivid background to the dark 
grey fragments of doud that floated beneath. 

As the reservoir of electricity was confined to the higher 
^rata of the atmosphere, the lightning was still unaccom- 
panied by thunder ; but the dryness of the air made it a 
weak conductor. Evidently the fluid could only escape by 
terrible shocks, and the storm must ere long burst forth 
with fearful violence. 

This was the opinion of Curtis and the boatswain. The 
boatswain is only weather-wise from his experience as a 

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sailor ; but Curtis, in addition to his experience, has some 
scientific knowledge, and he pointed out to me an appear- 
ance in the sky known to meteorologfists as a " cloud-ring,*' 
and scarcely ever seen beyond the regions of the torrid 
zone, which are impregnated by damp vapours brought 
from all quarters of the ocean by the action of the trade- 

"Yes, Mr. Kazallon," said Curtis, "our raft has been 
driven into the region of storms, of which it has been justly 
remarked that any one endowed with very sensitive organs 
can at any moment distingfuish the growlings of thunder." 

"Hark!" I said, as I strained my ears to listen, "I 
think I can hear it now." 

" You can," he answered ; " yet what'you hear is but the 
first warning of the storm which, in a couple of hours, will 
burst upon us with all its fury. But never mind, we must 
be ready for it" 

Sleep, even if we wished it, would have been impossible 
in that stifling temperature. The lightning increased in 
brilliancy, and appeared from all quarters of the horizon, 
each flash covering large arcs, varying from lOO® to 150% 
leaving the atmosphere pervaded by one incessant phos- 
phorescent glow. 

The thunder became at length more and more distinct^ 
the reports, if I may use the expression, being " round," 
rather than rolling. It seemed almost as though the sky 

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•a squall ! A squall!" 

Pn^e J 59. 

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were padded with heavy clouds of which the elasticity 
muffled the sound of the electric bursts. 

Hitherto, the sea had been calm, almost stagnant as a 
pond. Now, however, long undulations took place, which 
the sailors recognized, all too well, as being the rebound 
produced by a distant tempest. A ship, in such a case^ 
would have been instantly brought ahull, but no manoeuvring^ 
could be applied to our raft, which could only drift before 
the blast 

At one o'clock in the morning one vivid flash, followed,, 
after the interval of a few seconds, by a loud report of 
thunder, announced that the storm was rapidly approaching. 
Suddenly the horizon was enveloped in a vapourous fog, 
and seemed to contract until it was close around us. At 
the same instant the voice of one of the sailors was heard 
shouting, — 

"A squall! a squall!" 

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December 21st, night — The boatswain rushed to the 
halliards that supported the sail, and instantly lowered the 
yard ; and not a moment too soon, for with the speed of an 
arrow the squall was upon us, and if it had not been for the 
sailor's timely warning we must all have been knocked 
down and probably precipitated into the sea ; as it was, our 
tent on the back of the raft was carried away. 

The raft itself, however, being so nearly level with the 
water, had little peril to encounter from the actual wind ; 
but from the mighty waves now raised by the hurricane we 
had everything to dread. At first the waves had been 
crushed and flattened as it were by the pressure of the 
air, but now, as though strengthened by the reaction, they 
rose with the utmost fury. The raft followed the motions 
of the increasing swell, and was tossed up and down, to and 
fro, and from side to side with the most violent oscillations. 

"Lash yourselves tight," cried the boatswain, as he 

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threw us some ropes ; and in a few moments, with Curtis's 
assistance, M. Letourneur, Andr6, Falsten, and myself were 
fastened so firmly to the raft, that nothing but its total dis- 
ruption could carry us away. Miss Herbey was bound by 
a rope passed round her waist to one of the uprights that 
had supported our tent, and by the glare of the lightning I 
could see that her countenance was as serene and composed 
as ever. 

Then the storm began to rage indeed. Flash followed 
flash, peal followed peal in quick succession. Our eyes 
were blinded, our ears deafened, with the roar and glare. 
The clouds above, the ocean beneath, seemed verily to 
have taken fire, and several times I saw forked lightnings 
dart upwards from the crest of the waves, and mingle with 
those that radiated from the fiery vault above. A strong 
odour of sulphur pervaded the air, but though thunderbolts 
fell thick around us, not one had touched our raft 

By two o'clock the storm had reached its height The 
hurricane had increased, and the heavy waves, heated to a 
strange heat by the general temperature, dashed over us 
until we were drenched to the skin. Curtis, Dowlas, the 
boatswain, and the sailors did what they could to strengthen 
the raft with additional ropes. M. Letourneur placed 
himself in front of Andr6, to shelter him from the waves. 
Miss Herbey stood upright and motionless as a statue. 

Soon dense masses of lurid clouds came rolling up, and a 


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crackling, like the rattle of musketry, resounded through 
the air. This was produced by a series of electrical con- 
cussions, in which volleys of hailstones were discharged 
from the cloud-batteries above. In fact, as the storm-sheet 
came in contact with a current of cold air, hail was formed 
with great rapidity, and hailstones, large as nuts, came 
pelting down, making the platform of the raft re-echo with 
a metallic ring. 

For about half an hour the meteoric shower continued to 
descend, and during that time the wind slightly abated in 
violence ; but after having shifted from quarter to quarter, 
it once more blew with all its former fury. The shrouds 
were broken, but happily the mast, already bending almost 
double, was removed by the men from its socket before it 
should be snapped short off. One gust caught away the 
tiller, which went adrift beyond all power of recovery, and 
the same blast blew down several of the planks that formed 
the low parapet on the larboard side, so that the waves 
dashed in without hindrance through the breach. 

The carpenter and his mates tried to repair the damage, 
but, tossed from wave to wave, the raft was inclined to an 
angle of more than forty-five degrees, making it impossible 
for them to keep their footing, and rolling one over another, 
they were thrown down by the violent shocks. Why they 
were not altogether carried away, why we were not all 
hurled into the sea, was to me a mystery. Even if the 

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cords that bound us should retain their hold, it seemed 
perfectly incredible that the raft itself should not be over- 
turned, so that we should be carried down and stifled in 
the seething waters. 

At last, towards three in the morning, when the hurricane 
seemed to be raging more fiercely than e^^er, the raft, 
caught up on the crest of an enormous wave, stood literally 
perpendicularly on its edge. For an instant, by the illumi- 
nation of the lightning, we beheld ourselves raised to an 
incomprehensible height above the foaming breakers. 
Cries of terror escaped our lips. All must be over now ! 
But no ; another moment, and the raft had resumed its 
horizontal po.sition. Safe, indeed, we were, but the tre- 
mendous upheaval was not without its melancholy conse- 
quences. The cords that secured the cases of provisions 
had burst asunder. One case rolled overboard, and the 
side of one of the water-barrels was staved in, so that the 
water which it contained was rapidly escaping. Two of 
the sailors rushed forward to rescue the case of preserved 
meat ; but one of them caught his foot between the planks 
of the platform, and, unable to disengage it, the poor fellow 
stood uttering cries of distress. 

I tried to go to his assistance, and had already untied 
the cord that was round me ; but I was too late. Another 
heavy sea dashed over us, and by the light of a dazzling 
flash I saw the unhappy man, although he had managed 

M 2 

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without assistance to disengage his foot, washed overboard 
before it was in my power to get near him. His companion 
had also disappeared. 

The same ponderous wave laid me prostrate on the 
platform, and as my head came in collision with the comer 
of a spar, for a time I lost all consciousness. 

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December 22nd. — Daylight came at length, and the sun 
broke through and dispersed the clouds that the storm had 
left behind. The struggle of the elements, while it lasted, 
had been terrific, but the swoon into which I was thrown 
by my fall prevented me from observing the final incidents 
cf the visitation. All that I know is, that shortly after we 
had shipped the heavy sea that I have mentioned, a shower 
of rain had the effect of calming the severity of the 
hurricane, and tended to diminish the electric tension 
of the atmosphere. 

Thanks to the kind care of M. Letourneur and Miss 
Herbey, I recovered consciousness, but I believe that it is 
to Robert Curtis that I owe my real deliverance, for he it 
was that prevented me from being carried away by a 
second heavy wave. 

The tempest, fierce as it was, did not last more than 
a few hours ; but even in that short space of time what an 

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irreparable loss we have sustained, and what a load of 
misery seems stored up for us in the future ! 

Of the two sailors who perished in the storm, one was 
Austin, a fine active young man of about eight-and-twenty ; 
the other was old O'Ready, the survivor of so many ship- 
wrecks. Our party is thus reduced to sixteen souls, leaving 
a total barely exceeding half the number of those who 
embarked on board the " Chancellor " at Charleston. 

Curtis's first care had been to take a strict account of 
the remnant of our provisions. Of all the torrents of rain 
that fell in the night we were unhappily unable to catch a 
single drop; but water will not fail us yet, for about 
fourteen gallons still remain in the bottom of the broken 
barrel, whilst the second barrel has not yet been touched. 
But of food we have next to nothing. The cases containing 
the dried meat, and the fish that we had preserved, have 
both been washed away, and all that now remains to us is 
about sixty pounds of biscuit Sixty pounds of biscuit 
between sixteen persons ! Eight days, with half a pound a 
day apiece, will consume it all. 

The day has passed away in silence. A general de- 
pression has fallen upon all : the spectre of famine has 
appeared amongst us, and each has remained wrapped in 
his own gloomy meditations, though each has doubtless but 
one idea dominant in his mind. 

Once, as I passed near the group of sailors lying on 

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the fore part of the raft, I heard Flaypole say with a 
sneer, — 

"Those who are going to die had better make haste 
about it." 

"Yes," said Owen, "and leave their share of food to 

At the regular hour each person received his half-pound 
of biscuit. Some, I noticed, swallowed it ravenously; 
others reserved it for another time. Falsten divided his 
ration into several portions, corresponding, I believe, to 
the number of meals to which he was ordinarily accus- 
tomed. What prudence he shows ! If any one survives 
this misery, I think it will be he. 

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December 2ird to 30///. — ^After the storm the wind settled 
back into its old quarter, blowing pretty briskly from the 
north-east. As the breeze was all in our favour it was 
important to make the most of it, and after Dowlas had 
carefully readjusted the mast, the sail was once more 
hoisted, and we were carried along at the rate of two or 
two and a half knots an hour. A new rudder, formed of a 
spar and a good-sized plank, has been fitted in the place of 
the one we lost, but with the wind in its present quarter it 
is in little requisition. The platform of the raft has been 
repaired, the disjointed planks have been closed by means 
of ropes and wedges, and that portion of the parapet that 
was washed away has been replaced, so that we are no 
longer wetted by the waves. In fact, nothing has been left 
undone to insure the solidity of our raft, and to render it 
capable of resisting the wear and tear of the wind and 

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waves. But the dangers of wind and waves are not those 
which we have most to dread. 

Together with the unclouded sky came a return of the 
tropical heat, which during the preceding days had caused 
us such serious inconvenience ; fortunately on the 23rd the 
excessive warmth was somewhat tempered by the breeze, 
and as the tent was once again put up, we were able to find 
shelter under it by turns. 

But the want of food was beginning to tell upon us 
sadly, and our sunken cheeks and wasted forms were visible 
tokens of what we were enduring. With most of us 
hunger seemed to attack the entire nervous system, and 
the constriction of the stomach produced an acute sen- 
sation of pain. A narcotic, such as opium or tobacco, 
might have availed to soothe, if not to cure, the gnawing 
agony ; but of sedatives we had none, so the pain must be 

One alone there was amongst us who did not feel the 
pangs of hunger. Lieutenant Walter seemed as it were to 
feed upon the fever that raged within him ; but then he 
was the victim of the most torturing thirst Miss Herbey, 
besides reserving for him a portion of her own insufficient 
allowance, obtained from the captain a small extra supply 
of water, with which every quarter of an hour she moist- 
ened the parched lips of the young man, who, almost too 
weak to speak, could only express his thanks by a grateful 

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smile. Poor fellow! all our care cannot avail to save him 
now ; he is doomed, most surely doomed to die. 

On the 23rd he seemed to be conscious of his condition, 
for he made a sign to me to sit down by his side, and then 
summoning up all his strength to speak, he asked me in a 
few broken words how long I thought he had to live ? 

Slight as my hesitation was, Walter noticed it imme- 

"The truth," he said ; "tell me the plain truth." 

"My dear fellow, I am not a doctor, you know," I 
began, "and I can scarcely judge — " 

"Never mind," he interrupted; "tell me just what you 

I looked at him attentively for some moments, then laid 
my ear against his chest. In the last few days his malady 
had made fearfully rapid strides, and it was only too 
evident that one lung had already ceased to act, whilst the 
other was scarcely capable of performing the work of 
respiration. The young man was now suffering from the 
fever which is the sure symptom of the approaching end in 
all tuberculous complaints. 

The lieutenant kept his eye fixed upon me with a look 
of eager inquiry. I knew not what to say, and sought to 
evade his question. 

" My dear boy," I said, " in our present circumstances 
not one of us can tell how long he has to live. Not one of 

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"doomed, most surely doomed to die!" 

Page 170, 

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US knows what may happen in the course of the next eight 

"The next eight days," he murmured, as he looked 
eagerly into my face. 

And then, turning away his head, he seemed to fall into 
a sort of doze. 

The 24th, 25th, and 26th passed without any alteration 
in our circumstances, and strange, nay, incredible as it may 
sound, we began to get accustomed to our condition of 
starvation. Often, when reading the histories of ship- 
wrecks, I have suspected the accounts to be greatly exag- 
gerated ; but now I fully realize their truth, and marvel 
when I find on how little nutriment it is possible to exist 
for so long a time. To our daily half-pound of biscuit the 
captain has thought to add a few drops of brandy, and 
the stimulant helps considerably to sustain our strength. 
If we had the same provisions for two months, or even for 
one, there might be room for hope; but our supplies 
diminish rapidly, and the time is fast approaching when of 
food and drink there will be none. 

The sea had furnished us with food once, and, difficult 
as the task of fishing had now become, at all hazards the 
attempt must be made again. Accordingly the carpenter 
and the boatswain set to work and made lines out of some 
untwisted hemp, to which they fixed some nails that they 
pulled out of the flooring of the raft, and bent into proper 

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shape. The boatswain regarded his device with evident 

" I don't mean to say," said he to me, " that these nails 
are first-rate fish-hooks ; but one thing I do know, and that 
is, with proper bait they will act as well as the best But 
this biscuit is no good at alL Let me but just get hold of 
one fish, and I shall know fast enough how to use it to 
catch some more." 

And the true difficulty was how to catch the first fish. 
It was evident that fish were not abundant in these waters, 
nevertheless the lines were cast But the biscuit with 
which they were baited dissolved at once in the water, and 
we did not get a single bite. For two days the attempt 
was made in vain, and as it only involved what seemed 
a lavish waste of our only means of subsistence, it was 
given up in despair. 

To-day, the 30th, as a last resource, the boatswain tried 
what a piece of coloured rag might do by way of attracting 
some voracious fish, and having obtained from Miss 
Herbey a little piece of the red shawl she wears, he 
fastened it to his hook. But still no success ; for when, 
after several hours, he examined his lines, the crimson 
shred was still hanging intact as he had fixed it The man 
was quite discouraged at his failure. 

" But there will be plenty of bait before long," he said to 
me in a solemn undertone. 

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"What do you mean ?" said I, struck by his significant 

" You'll know soon enough," he answered. 

What did he insinuate ? The words, coming from a man 
usually so reserved, have haunted me all night. 

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January ist to ^th. — More than three months had elapsed 
since we left Charleston in the "Chancellor," and for no 
less than twenty days had we now been borne along on our 
raft at the mercy of the wind and waves. Whether we 
were approaching the American coast, or whether we were 
drifting farther and farther to sea, it was now impossible to 
determine, for, in addition to the other disasters caused by 
the hurricane, the captain's instruments had been hopelessly 
smashed, and Curtis had no longer any compass by which 
to direct his course, nor a sextant by which he might make 
an observation. 

Desperate, however, as our condition might be judged, 
hope did not entirely abandon our hearts, and day after 
day, hour after hour were our eyes strained towards the far 
horizon, and many and many a time did our imagination 
shape out the distant land. But ever and again the illusion 
vanished ; a cloud, a mist, perhaps even a wave, was all 

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that had deceived us ; no land, no sail ever broke the grey 
line that united sea and sky, and our raft remained the 
centre of the wide and dreary waste. 

On the 1st of January we swallowed our last morsel of 
biscuit The 1st of January ! New Year's Day ! What a 
rush of sorrowful recollections overwhelmed our minds! 
Had we not always associated the opening of another year 
with new hopes, new plans, and coming joys ? And now, 
where were we ? Could we dare to look at one another, 
and breathe a new year s greeting ? 

The boatswain approached me with a peculiar look on 
his countenance. 

"You are surely not going to wish me a happy new 
year ? " I said. 

" No indeed, sir," he replied, " I was only going to wish 
you well through the first day of it ; and that is pretty 
good assurance on my part, for we have not another crumb 
to eat." 

True as it was, we scarcely realized the fact of there 
being actually nothing until on the following morning the 
Hour came round for the distribution of the scanty ration, 
and then, indeed, the truth was forced upon us in a new and 
startling light Towards evening I was seized with violent 
pains in the stomach, accompanied by a constant desire to 
yawn and gape that was most distressing ; but in a couple 
of hours the extreme agony passed away, and on the 3rd I 

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was surprised to find that I did not suffer more. I felt, it 
IS true, that there was some great void within myself, but 
the sensation was quite as much moral as physical. My head 
was so heavy that I could not hold it up ; it was swimming 
with giddiness, as though I were looking over a precipice. 

My symptoms were not shared by all my companions, 
some of whom endured the most frightful tortures. 
Dowlas and the boatswain especially, who were naturally 
large eaters, uttered involuntary cries of agony, and 
were obliged to gird themselves tightly with ropes to 
subdue the excruciating pain that was gnawing their 
very vitals. 

And this was only the second day of our misery! 
What would we not have given for half, nay, for a quarter 
of the meagre ration which a few days back we had 
deemed so inadequate to supply our wants, and which 
now, eked out crumb by crumb, might, perhaps, serve for 
several days ? In the streets of a besieged city, dire as 
the distress may be, some gutter, some rubbish-heap, some 
corner may yet be found that will furnish a dry bone or a 
scrap of refuse that may for a moment allay the pangs of 
hunger; but these bare planks, so many times washed 
clean by the relentless waves, offer nothing to our eager 
search, and after every fragment of food that the wind has 
carried into tlieir interstices has been scraped out and 
devoured, our resources are literally at an end. 

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Pai^e X77. 

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The nights seem even longer than the days.': Sleep, 
when it comes, brings no relief; it is rather a feverish 
stupour, broken and disturbed by frightful nightmares. 
Last night, however, overcome by fatigue, I managed to 
rest for several hours. 

At six o*clock this morning I was roused by the sound 
of angry voices, and, starting up, I saw Owen and Jynxtrop, 
with Flaypole, Wilson, Burke, and Sandon, standing in a 
threatening attitude. They had taken possession of the 
carpenter's tools, and now, armed with hatchets, chisels, 
and hammers, they were preparing to attack the captain, 
the boatswain, and Dowlas. I attached myself in a 
moment to Curtis's party. Falsten followed my example, 
and although our knives were the only weapons at our 
disposal, we were ready to defend ourselves to the very 
last extremity. 

Owen and his men advanced towards us. The miserable 
wretches were all drunk, for during the night they had 
knocked a hole in the brandy-barrel, and had recklessly 
swallowed its contents. What they wanted they scarcely 
seemed to know, but Owen and Jynxtrop, not quite so 
much intoxicated as the rest, seemed to be urging them 
on to massacre the captain and the officers. 

"Down with the captain! Overboard with Curtis! 
Owen shall take the command!" they shouted from 
time to time in their drunken fury ; and, armed as they 


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were, they appeared completely masters of the situa- 

" Now, then, down with your arms !" said Curtis sternly, 
as he advanced to meet them. 

"Overboard with the captain!" howled Owen, as by 
word and gesture he urged on his accomplices. 

Curtis pushed aside the excited rascals, and, walking 
straight up to Owen, asked him what he wanted. 

" What do we want ? Why, we want no more captains ; 
we arc all equals now." 

Poor stupid fool ! as though misery and privation had 
not already reduced us all to the same level 

" Owen," said the captain once again, " down with your 

"Come on, all of you," shouted Owen to his com- 
panions, without giving the slightest heed to Curtis's 

A regular struggle ensued. Owen and Wilson attacked 
Curtis, who defended himself with a piece of a spar; 
Burke and Flaypole rushed upon Falsten and the boat- 
swain, whilst I was left to confront the negro Jynxtrop, 
who attempted to strike me with the hammer which he 
brandished in his hand. I endeavoured to paralyze his 
movements by pinioning his arms, but the rascal was my 
superior in muscular strength. After wrestling for a few 
moments, I felt that he was getting the mastery over me, 

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Pagw 179. 

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when all of a sudden he rolled over on to the platform, 
dragging me with him. Andr6 Letoumeur had caught 
hold of one of his legs, and thus saved my life. Jynxtrop 
dropped his weapon in his fall ; I seized it instantly, and 
was about to cleave the fellow's skull, when I was myself 
arrested by Andre's hand upon my arm. 

By this time the mutineers had been driven back to the 
forepart of the raft, and Curtis, who had managed to parry 
the blows which had been aimed at him, had caught hold 
of a hatchet, with which he was preparing to strike at 
Owen. But Owen made a sidelong movement to avoid 
the blow, and the weapon caught Wilson full in the chest 
The unfortunate man rolled over the side of the raft and 
instantly disappeared. 

"Save him! save him!" shouted the boatswain. 

" It's too late ; he's dead ! " said Dowlas. 

"Ah, well! he'll do for — " began the boatswain; but he 
did not finish his sentence. 

Wilson's death, however, put an end to the fray. 
Flaypole and Burke were lying prostrate in a drunken 
stupour, and Jynxtrop was soon overpowered, and lashed 
tightly to the foot of the mast. The carpenter and the 
boatswain seized hold of Owen. 

" Now then," said Curtis, as he raised his blood-stained 
hatchet, " make your peace with God, for you have not a 
moment to live." 

N 2 

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" Oh, you want to eat me, do you ?" sneered Owen, with 
the most hardened effrontery. 

But the audacious reply saved his life ; Curtis turned as 
pale as death, the hatchet dropped from his hand, and he 
went and seated himself moodily on the farthest corner of 
the raft. 

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January ^th and 6th. — ^Ttc whole scene made a deep 
impression on our minds, and Owen's speech coming as a 
sort of climax, brought before us our misery with a force 
that was well-nigh overwhelming. 

As soon as I recovered my composure, I did not forget 
to thank Andre Letoumeur for the act of intervention that 
had saved my life. 

"Do you thank me for that, Mr. Kazallon ?" he said ; 
"it has only served to prolong your misery." 

" Never mind, M. Letoumeur," said Miss Herbey ; " you 
did your duty." 

Enfeebled and emaciated as the young girl is, her sense 
of duty never deserts her, and although her torn and 
bedraggled garments float dejectedly about her body, she 
never utters a word of complaint, and never loses courage. 

" Mr. Kazallon," she said to me, " do you think we are 
fated to die of hunger ?" 

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** Yes, Miss Herbey, I do," I replied in a hard, cold tone. 

"How long do you suppose we have to live?" she 
asked again. 

" I cannot say ; perhaps we shall linger on longer than 
we imagine." 

" The strongest constitutions suffer the most, do they 
not ?" she said. 

"Yes; but they have one consolation; they die the 
soonest/' I replied coldly. 

Had every spark of humanity died out of my breast 
that I thus brought the girl face to face with the terrible 
truth without a word of hope or comfort ? The eyes of 
Andr^ and his father, dilated with hunger, were fixed 
upon me, and I saw reproach and astonishment written in 
their faces. 

Afterwards, when we were quite alone. Miss Herbey 
asked me if I would grant her a favour. 

" Certainly, Miss Herbey ; anything you like to ask," 
I replied ; and this time my manner was kinder and more 

" Mr. Kazallon/' she said, " I am weaker than you, and 
shall probably die first. Promise me that, if I do, you will 
throw my body into the sea." 

" Oh, Miss Herbey," I began, " it was very wrong of me 
to speak to you as I did ! " 

" No, no," she replied, half smiling ; " you were quite 

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right But it is a weakness of mine ; I don't mind what 
they do with me as long as I am alive, but when I 
am dead — " she stopped and shuddered. "Oh, promise 
me that you will throw me into the sea !" 

I gave her the melancholy promise, which she acknow- 
ledged by pressing my hand feebly with her emaciated 

Another night passed away. At times my sufferings 
were so intense that cries of agony involuntarily escaped 
my lips ; then I became calmer, and sank into a kind of 
lethaigy. When I awoke, I was surprised to find my 
companions still alive. 

The one of our party who seems to bear his privations 
the best is Hobart the steward, a man with whom hitherto 
I have had very little to do. He is small, with a fawning 
expression remarkable for its indecision, and has a smile 
which is incessantly playing round his lips ; he goes about 
with his eyes half-closed, as though he wished to conceal 
his thoughts, and there is something altogether false and 
hypocritical about his whole demeanour. I cannot say 
that he bears his privations without a murmur, for he sighs 
and moans incessantly ; but, with it all, I cannot but think 
that there is a want of genuineness in his manner, and that 
the privation has not really told upon him as much as it 
has upon the rest of us. I have my suspicions about the 
man, and intend to watch him carefully. 

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To-day, the 6th^, M. Letourneur drew me aside to the 
stern of the raft, saying that he had a secret to com- 
municate, but that he wished neither to be seen nor heard 
speaking to me. I withdrew with him to the larboard 
corner of the raft, and, as it was growing dusk, nobody 
observed what we were doing. 

'* Mr. Kazallon," M. Letourneur began in a low voice, 
" Andr^ is dying of hunger : he is growing weaker and 
weaker, and oh ! I cannot, will not see him die ! " 

He spoke passionately, almost fiercely, and I fully under- 
stood his feelings. Taking his hand, I tried to reassure 

"We will not despair yet," I said, "perhaps some pass- 
ing ship — " 

, ''Ship !" he cried impatiently, "don't try to console me 
with empty commonplaces; you know as well as I do 
that there is no chance of falling in with a passing ship." 
Then, breaking off suddenly, he asked, — " How long is it 
since my son and all of you have had anything to 

Astonished at his question, I replied that it was now four 
days since the biscuit had failed. ' 

" Four days," he repeated ; " well, then, it is eight since 
I have tasted anything. I have been saving my share for 
my son." 

Tears rushed to my eyes ; for a few moments I was 

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unable to speak, and could only once more grasp his hand 
in silence. 

" What do you want me to do } " I asked at length. 

" Hush ! not so loud ; some one will hear us," he said, 
lowering his voice, "I want you to offer it to Andr^ as 
though it came from yourself. He would not accept it 
from me ; he would think I had been depriving myself for 
him. Let me implore you to do me this service, and for 
your trouble," and here he gently stroked my hand, " for 
your trouble you shall have a morsel for yourself." 

I trembled like a child as I listened to the poor father's 
words, and my heart was ready to burst when I felt a tiny 
piece of biscuit slipped into my hand. 

" Give it him," M. Letoumeur went on under his breath, 
" give it him ; but do not let any one see you ; the mon- 
sters would murder you if they knew it. This is only for 
to-day ; I will give you some more to-morrow." 

The poor fellow did not trust me, and well he might not, 
for I had the greatest difficulty to withstand the temptation 
to carry the biscuit to my mouth. But I resisted the im- 
pulse, and those alone who have suffered like me can know 
what the effort was. 

Night came on with the rapidity peculiar to these low 
latitudes, and I glided gently up to Andri, and slipped the 
piece of biscuit into his hand as "a present from myself." 

The young man clutched at it eagerly. 

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" But my father ? " he said inquiringly. 

I assured him that his father and I had each had our 
share, and that he must eat this now, and, perhaps, I should 
be able to bring him some more another time. Andr6 
asked no more questions, and eagerly devoured the morsel 
of food. 

So this evening at least, notwithstanding M. Letourneur's 
offer, I have tasted nothing. 

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January yth. — During the last few days since the wind has 
freshened, the salt water constantly dashing over the raft 
has terribly punished the feet and legs of some of the 
sailors. Owen, whom the boatswain ever since the revolt, 
kept bound to the mast, is in a deplorable state^ and at our 
request has been released from his restraint. Sandon and 
Burke are also suffering from the severe smarting caused in 
this way, and it is only owing to our more, sheltered posi- 
tion on the aft-part of the raft, that we have not all .shared 
the same inconvenience. 

To-day the boatswain, maddened by starvation, laid' 
hands upon everything that met his voracious eyes, and I 
could hear the grating of his teeth as he gnawed at frag- 
ments of sails and bits of wood, instinctively endeavQuring 
to fill his stomach by putting the mucus into circulation. 
At length, by dint of an eager search, he came upon a piece 
of leather hanging to one of the spars that supported the 
platform. He snatched it off and devoured it greedily, and 

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as it was animal matter, it really seemed as though the 
absorption of the substance afforded him some temporary- 
relief. Instantly we all followed his example ; a leather 
hat, the rims of caps, in short, anything that contained any 
animal matter at all, were gnawed and sucked with the 
utmost avidity. Never shall I forget the scene. We were 
no longer human, the impulses and instincts of brute beasts 
seemed to actuate our every movement. 

For a moment the pangs of hunger were somewhat 
allayed ; but some of us revolted against the loathsome 
food, and were seized either with violent nausea or absolute 
sickness. I must be pardoned for giving these distressing 
details, but how otherwise can I depict the misery, moral 
and physical, which we are enduring } And with it all, I 
dare not venture to hope that we have reached the climax 
of our sufferings. 

The conduct of Hobart during the scene that I have just 
described has only served to confirm my previous suspicions 
of him. He took no part in the almost fiendish energy 
with which we gnawed at our scraps of leather, and 
although by his conduct and perpetual groanings, he might 
be considered to be dying of inanition, yet to me he has 
the appearance of being singularly exempt from the tor- 
tures which we are all enduring. But whether the hypo- 
crite is being sustained by some secret store of food, I have 
been unable to discover. 

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Whenever the breeze drops the heat is overpowering ; 
but although our allowance of water is very meagre, at 
present the pangs of hunger far exceed the paiA of thirst. 
It has often been remarked that extreme thirst is far less 
endurable than extreme hunger. Is it possible that still 
greater agonies are in store for us ? I cannot, dare not, 
believe it. Fortunately, the broken barrel still contains a few 
pints of water, and the other one has not yet been opened. 
But I am glad to say that notwithstanding our diminshed 
numbers, and in spite of some opposition, the captain has 
thought right to reduce the daily allowance to half a pint 
for each person. As for the brandy, of which there is only 
a quart now left, it has been stowed away safely in the 
stem of the raft 

This evening has ended the sufferings of another of our 
companions, making our number now only fourteen. My 
attentions and Miss Herbey's nursing could do nothing 
for Lieutenant Walter, and about half-past seven he expired 
in my arms. 

Before he died, in a few broken words he thanked 
Miss Herbey and myself for the kindness we had shown 
him. A crumpled letter fell from his hand, and in a 
voice that was scarcely audible from weakness, he 
said, — 

" It is my mother's letter : the last I had from her 
— she was expecting me home ; but she will never see me 

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more. Oh, put it to my lips — let me kiss it before I die. 
Mother ! mother ! Oh my God! " 

• I placed the letter in his cold hand, and raised it to his 
lips ; his eye lighted for a moment ; we heard the faint 
sound of a kiss, and all was over ! 

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Poi^ J^l. 

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January 8fA, — All night I remained by the side of the 
poor fellow's corpse, and several times Miss Herbey joined 
me in my mournful watch. 

Before daylight dawned the body was quite cold, and as 
I knew there must be no delay in throwing it overboard, I 
asked Curtis to assist me in the sad office. The body was 
frightfully emaciated, and I had every hope that it would 
not float. 

As soon as it was quite light, taking every precaution 
that no one should see what we were about, Curtis and I 
proceeded to our melancholy task. We took a few articles 
from the lieutenant's pockets, which we purposed, if either 
of us should survive, to remit to his mother. But as we 
wrapped him in his tattered garments that would have to 
suffice for his winding-sheet, I started back with a thrill 
of horror. The right foot had gone, leaving the leg a 
bleeding stump ! 

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No doubt that, overcome by fatigue, I must have fallen 
asleep for an interval during the night, and some one had 
taken advantage of my slumber to mutilate the corpse. 
But who could have been guilty of so foul a deed ? Curtis 
looked around with anger flashing in his eye; but all 
seemed as usual, and the silence was only broken by a few 
groans of agony. 

But there was no time to be lost; perhaps we were 
already observed, and more horrible scenes might be likely 
to occur. Curtis said a few short prayers, and we cast the 
body into the sea. It sank immediately. 

"They are feeding the sharks well, and no mistake," 
said a voice behind me. 

I turned round quickly, and found that it was Jynxtrop 
who had spoken. 

As the boatswain now approached, I asked him whether 
he thought it possible that any of the wretched men could 
have taken the dead man's foot. 

" Oh yes, I dare say," he replied, in a significant tone, 
" and perhaps they thought they were right." 

" Right 1 what do you mean ? " I exclaimed. 

" Well, sir," he said coldly, " isn't it better to eat a dead 
man than a living one? " 

I was at a loss to comprehend him, and, turning away, 
laid myself down at the end of the raft. 

Towards eleven o'clock, a most suspicious incident 

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occurred. The boatswain, who had cast his lines early ill 
the morning, caught three large cod, each more than 
thirty inches long, of the species which, when dried, is 
known by the name of stock-fish. Scarcely had he hauled 
them on board, when the sailors made a dash at them, 
and it was with the utmost difficulty that Curtis, Falsten, 
and myself could restore order, so that we might divide 
the fish into equal portions. Three cod were not much 
amongst fourteen starving persons, but, small as the 
quantity was, it was allotted in strictly equal shares. Most 
of us devoured the food raw, almost I might say, alive ; 
only Curtis, Andr^ and Miss Herbey having the patience 
to wait until their allowance had been boiled at a fire which 
they made with a few scraps of wood. For myself, I 
confess that I swallowed my portion of fish just as it was,— 
raw and bleeding. M. Letoumeur followed my example ; 
the poor man devoured his food like a famished wolf, and 
it is only a wonder to me how, after his lengthened fast, he 
came to be alive at all. 

The boatswain's delight at his success was excessive, 
and amounted almost to delirium. I went up to him, and 
encouraged him to repeat his attempt 

« Oh, yes," he said ; " Til try again. I'll try again." 

"And why not try at once ?" I asked. 

"Not now," he said evasively; "the night is the best 
time for catching large fisk Besides, I must nianage to 


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gtt some bait, for we have been improvident enough not 
tb save a single scrap/* 

'^But you have succeeded once without bait ; why may 
you riot succeed again ?*' 

" Oh ! I had some very good bait last night," he said. 

I stared at him in amazement He steadily returned 
my gaze, but said nothing. 

"Have you none left?" at last I asked. 

**YesI" he almost whispered and left me without 
another word. 

Our meal, meagre as it had been, served to rally our 
shattered energies ; our hopes were slightly raised ; there 
was no reason why the boatswain should not have the 
same good luck again. 

One evidence of the degree to which our spirits were 
revived was that our minds were no longer fixed upon the 
miserable present and hopeless future, but we began to 
recall and discuss the past; and M. Lctourneur, Andr^ 
Mr. Falsten, and I held a long conversation with the captain 
about the various incidents of our eventful voyage, speak- 
ing of our lost companions, of the fire, of the stranding of 
the ship, of our sojourn on Ham Rock, of the springing of 
the leak, of our terrible voyage in the top-masts, of the 
construction of the raft, and of the storm. All these things 
seemed to have happened so long ago, and yet we were 
living still. Living, did I say ? Ay, if such an existence 

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as ours could be called a life, fourteen of us were living 
still. Who would be the next to go ? We should then be 

"An unlucky number!" said Andr6, with a mournful 

During the night the boatswain cast his lines from the 
stern of the raft, and, unwilling to trust them to any one 
else, remained watching them himself. In the morning I 
went to ascertain what success had attended his patience. 
It was scarcely light, and with eager eyes he was peering 
down into the water. He had neither seen nor heard me 

" Well, boatswain ! *' I said, touching him on the 

He turned round quickly. 

" Those villainous sharks have eaten every morsel of my 
bait," he said, in a desponding voice. 

" And you have no more left ? " I asked. 

" No more," he said. Then grasping my arm he added, 
" and that only shows me that it is no good doing things 
by halves." 

The truth flashed upon me at once, and I laid my hand 
upon his mouth. Poor Walter I 

O 2 

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January (jth and loth. — On the 9th the wind dropped, 
and there was a dead calm; not a ripple disturbed 
the surface of the long undulations as they rose and fell 
beneath us ; and if it were not for the slight current which 
is carrying us we know not whither, the raft would be 
absolutely stationary. 

The heat was intolerable ; our thirst more intolerable 
still ; and now it was that for the first time I fully realized 
how the insufficiency of drink could cause torture more 
unendurable than the pangs of hunger. Mouth, throat, 
pharynx, all alike were parched and dry, every gland 
l)ecoming hard as horn under the action of the hot air we 
breathed. At my urgent solicitation the captain was for 
once induced to double our allowance of water ; and this 
relaxation of the ordinary rule enabled us to attempt to 
slake our thirst four times in the day, instead of only 
twice. I use the word "attempt" advisedly; for the 

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water at the bottom of the barrel, though kept covere<i 
by a sail, became so warm that it was perfectly flat and 

It was a most trying day, and the sailors relapsed into a 
condition of deep Aspondency. The moon was nearly 
full, but when she rose the breeze did not return. 
Continuance of high temperature in daytime is a sure 
proof that we have been carried far to the south, and here, 
on this illimitable ocean, we have long ceased even to look 
for land ; it might almost seem as though this globe of 
ours had veritably become a liquid sphere ! 

To-day we are still becalmed, and the temperature is as 
high as ever. The air is heated like a furnace, and the 
sun scorches like fire. The torments of famine are all 
forgotten : our ' thoughts are concentrated witli fevered 
expectation upon the longed-for moment when Curtis shall 
dole out the scanty measure of lukewarm water that makes 
up our ration. O for one good draught, even if it should 
exhaust the whole supply! At least, it seems as if we 
then could die in peace ! 

About noon we were startled by sharp cries of agony, 
and looking round I saw Owen writhing in the most 
horrible convulsions. I went towards him, for, detestable 
as his conduct had been, common humanity prompted me 
to see whether I could aflbrd him any relief. But before I 
reached him, a shout from Flaypole arrested my attention* 

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The man was up in the mast, and with great excitement 
pointing to the east 

"A ship! A ship I" he cried. 

In an instant all were on their feet Even Owen stopped 
his cries and stood erect It was quite true that in the 
direction indicated by Flaypole there was a white speck 
visible upon the horizon. But did it move ? Would the 
jailors with their keen vision pronounce it to be a sail ? A 
silence the most profound fell upon us all. I glanced 
at Curtis as he stood with folded arms intently gazing at 
the distant point His brow was furrowed, and he con- 
tracted every feature, as with half-closed cyos, he concen- 
trated his power of vision upon that one faint spot in the 
far-off horizon. 

But at length he dropped his arms and shook his head. 
I looked again, but the spot was no longer there. If it 
were a ship, that ship had disappeared; but probably 
it had been a mere reflection, or, more likely still, only the 
crest of some curling wave. 

A deep dejection followed this phantom ray of hope. 
All returned to their accustomed places. Curtis alone 
remained motionless, but his eye no longer scanned the 
distant view. 

Owen now began to shriek more wildly than ever. He 
presented truly a most melancholy sight ; he writhed with 
the most hideous contortions, and had all the appearance 

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of suffering from tetanus. His throat was contracted by 
repeated spasms, his .tongue was parched, his body swollen, 
and his pulse, though feeble, was rapid and irregular. The 
poor wretch's symptoms were precisely such as to lead us 
to suspect that he had taken some corrosive poisoij. Of 
course it was quite out of our power to administer any 
antidote; all that we could devise was to make him 
swallow something that might act as an emetic. I asked 
Curtis for a little of the lukewarm water. As the contents 
of the broken barrel were now exhausted, the captain, 
in order to comply with my request, was about to tap the 
other barrel, when Owen started suddenly to his knees, and 
with a wild, unearthly shriek, exclaimed, — 

**No t no I no t of that water I will not touch a 

I supposed he did not understand what we were going to 
do, and endeavoured to explain ; but all in vain ; he per- 
sisted in refusing to taste the water in the second barrel. 
I then tried to induce vomiting by tickling his uvula, and 
he brought off some bluish secretion from his stomach, the 
character of which confirmed our previous suspicions — ^that 
he had been poisoned by oxide of copper. We now felt 
convinced that any efforts on our part to save him would 
be of no avail. The vomiting, however, had for the time 
relieved him, and he was able to speak. 

Curtis and I both implored him to let us know what he 

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had taken to bring about consequences so serious. His 
, reply fell upon us as a startling blow. 

The ill-fated wretch had stolen several pints of water 
from the barrel that had been untouched, and that water 
had. poisoned him ! 

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Page 20I. 

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Jantuxry iitk to 14///. — Owen's convulsions returned 
with increased violence, and in the course of the night he 
expired in terrible agony. His body was thrown over- 
board , almost directly ; it had decomposed so rapidly 
that the flesh had not even consistency enough for any 
fragments of it to be reserved for the boatswain to use to 
bait his lines. A plagfue the man. had been to us in his 
life ; in his death he was now of no service ! 

And now, perhaps, still more than ever, did the horror of 
our situation stare us in the face. There was no doubt 
that the poisoned barrel had at some time or other con- 
tained copperas ; but what strange fatality had converted 
it into a water-cask, or what fatality; stranger still, had 
caused it to be brought on board the raft, was a problem 
that none could solve. Little, however, did it matter now: 
the fact was evident ; the barrel was poisoned, and of water 
we had not a drop. 

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One and all, we fell into the gloomiest silence. We 
were too irritable to bear the sound of each other's voices ; 
and it did not require a word, a mere look or gesture was 
enough, to provoke us to anger that was little short of 
madness. How it was that we did not all become raving 
maniacs, I cannot tell. 

Throughout the 12th no drain of moisture crossed our 
lips, and not a cloud arose to warrant the expectation of a 
passing shower ; in the shade, if shade it might be called, 
'the thermometer would have registered at least 100**, slnd, 
' perhaps, considerably more. 

No change next day. The salt water began to chafe my 
legs, but although the smarting was at times severe, it was 
an inconvenience to which I gave little heed ; others who 
had suffered from the same trouble had become no worse. 
Oh ! if tliis water that surrounds us could be reduced to 
vapour or to ice ! its particles of salt extracted, it would be 
available for drink. But no! we have no appliances, and 
ive must suffer on. 

At the risk of being devoured by the sharks, the boat- 
swain and two sailors took a morning bath, and as their 
plunge seemed to refresh them, I and three of my com- 
panions resolved to follow their example. We had never 
:learnt to swim, and had to be fastened to the end of a rope 
and lowered into the water, while Curtis, during the half- 
hour of our bath, kept a sharp look-out to give warning of 

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"ship ahoy !" 


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any danger from- approaching sharks. No recommendation, 
however, on our part, nor any representation of the benefit 
we felt we had derived, could induce Miss Herbey to allay 
her sufferings in the same way. 

At about eleven o'clock, the captain came up to*me, and 
whispered in my ear, — 

. " Don't say a word, Mr, Kazallon ; I do not want ^o 
raise false hopes, but I think I see a ship." 

It was as well that the captain had warned me ; other- 
wise, I should have raised an involuntary shout of joy; as 
it was, I had the greatest difficulty in restraining my 
expressions of delight. 

. " Look behind to larboard," he continued in an under- 

Affecting an indifference which I was far from feeling, I 
cast an anxious glance to that quarter of the horizon of 
which he spoke, and there, although mine is not a nautical 
eye, I could plainly distinguish the outline of a ship under 

Almost at the same moment the boatswain who 
happened to be looking in the same direction, raised the 
cry, "Ship ahoy!" 

Whether it was that no one believed it, or whether all 
energies were exhausted, certain it is that the announce- 
ment produced none of the effects that might have been 
expected. Not a soul exhibited the slightest emotion, and 

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it was only when the boatswain had several times sung out 
his tidings that all eyes turned to the horizon. There, most 
undeniably, was the ship, and the question rose at once to 
the minds of all, and to the lips of many, *' Would she 
see us.?" 

The sailors immediately began discussing the build of 
the vessel, and made all sorts of conjectures as to the 
direction she was taking. Curtis was far more deliberate 
in his judgment. After examining her attentively for some 
time, he said, " She is a brig running close upon the wind, 
on the starboard tack. If she keeps her course for a couple 
of hours, she will come right athwart our track." 
■ A couple of hours ! The words sounded to our ears like 
a couple of centuries. The ship might change her course 
at any moment ; closely trimmed as she was, it was very 
probable that she was only tacking about to catch the 
wind, in which case, as soon as she felt a breeze, she would 
resume her larboard tack and make away again. On the 
other hand, if she were really sailing with the wind, she 
would come nearer to us, and there would be good ground 
for hope. 

Meantime, no exertion must be spared, and no means 
left untried, to make our position known. The brig was 
about twelve miles to the east of us, so that it was out of 
the question to think of any cries of ours being overheard; 
but Curtis gave directions that every possible signal should 

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be made. We had no fire-arms by. which we could attract 
attention, and nothing else occurred to us beyond hoisting a 
flag of distress. Miss Herbey's red shawl, as being of a 
colour most distinguishable against the background of sea 
and sky, was run up to the mast-head, and was caught by 
the light breeze that just then was ruffling the surface of 
the water. As a drowning man clutches at a straw, so our 
hearts bounded with hope every time that our poor flag 
fluttered in the wind. 

For an hour our feelings alternated between hope and 
despair. The ship was evidently making her way in the 
direction of the raft, but every now and then she seemed to 
stop, and then our hearts would almost stand still with 
agony lest she was going to put. about. She carried all 
her canvas, even to her royals and stay-sails, but her hull 
was only partially visible above the horizon. 

How slowly she advanced !' The breeze was very, very 
feeble, and perhaps soon it would drop altogether ! We 
felt that we would give years of our life to know the result 
of the coming hour ! 

At half-past twelve the captain and the boatswain con- 
sidered that the brig was about nine miles away ; she had, 
therefore, gained only three miles in an hour and a half, and 
it was doubtful whether the light breeze that had been 
passing over our heads had reached her at all. I fancied, 
too, that her sails were no longer filled, but were hangfing 

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loose against her masts. Turning to the direction of the 
wind I tried to make out some chance of a rising breeze ; 
but no, the waves were calm and torpid, and the little puff of 
air that had aroused our hopes had died away across the sea. 

I stood aft with M. Letourneur, Andr6, and Miss Herbey, 
and our glances perpetually wandered from the distant 
ship to our captain's face. Curtis stood leaning against 
the mast, with the boatswain by his side ; their eyes 
seemed never for a moment to cease to watch the brig, but 
their countenances clearly expressed the varying emotions 
that passed through their minds. Not a word was uttered; 
nor was the silence broken, until the carpenter exclaimed, 
in accents of despair, — 

'* She's putting about 1" 

All started up : some to their knees, others to their feet. 
The boatswain dropped a frightful oath. The ship was 
still nine miles away, and at such a distance it was impos- 
sible for our signal to be seen ; our tiny raft, a mere speck 
upon the waters, would be lost in the intense irradiation of 
the sunbeams. If only we could be seen, no doubt all 
would be well ; no captain would have the barbarous 
inhumanity to leave us to our fate ; but there had been no 
chance; only too well we knew that we had not been 
within the range of sight 

"My friends," said Curtis, "we must make a fire; it is 
our last and only chance/' 

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Some planks were quickly loosened and thrown into 
a heap upon the fore part of the raft They were damp 
and troublesome to light ; but the very dampness made 
the smoke more dense, and ere long a tall column of dusky 
fumes was rising straight upwards in the air. If darkness 
should come on before the brig was completely out of view, 
the flames we hoped might still be visible. But the hours 
passed on ; the fire died out ; and yet no signs of help. 

The temper of resignation now deserted me entirely ; 
faith, hope, confidence — all vanished- from my mind, and 
like the boatswain, I swore long and loudly. A gentle' 
hand was laid upon my arm, and turning round I saw Miss 
Herbey with her finger pointing to the sky. I could stand 
it no longer, but gliding underneath the tent I hid my face 
in my hands and wept aloud. 

Meanwhile the brig had altered her tack, and was moving 
slowly to the east Three hours later and the keenest eye 
could not have discerned her top-sails above the horizon. 

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' January i$th. — After this further shattering of our 
excited hopes death alone now stares us in the face ; slow 
and lingering as that death may be, sooner or later it must 
inevitably come. 

To-day some clouds that rose in the west have brought 
us a few puffs of wind ; and in spite of our prostration, we 
appreciate the moderation, slight as it is, in the temperature. 
To my parched throat the air seemed a. little less trying ; 
but it is now seven days since the boatswain took his haul 
of fish, and during that period we have eaten nothing ; 
even Andre Letourneur finished yesterday the last morsel 
of the biscuit which his sorrowful and self-denying father 
had entrusted to my charge* 

Jynxtrop the negro has broken loose from his confine- 
ment, but Curtis has taken no measures for putting him 
again under restraint It is not to be apprehended that 
the miserable fellow and his accomplices, weakened as 

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they are by their protracted fast, will attempt to do us any 
mischief now. 

Some huge sharks made their appearance to-day, cleav- 
ing the water rapidly with their great black fins. The 
monsters came close up to the edge of the raft, and Flay- 
pole, who was leaning over, narrowly escaped having his 
arm snapped off by one of them. I could not help 
regarding them as living sepulchres, which ere long might 
swallow up our miserable carcases ; yet, withal, I profess 
that my feelings were rather those of fascination than of 

The boatswain, who stood with clenched teeth and 
dilated eye, regarded these sharks from quite another 
point of view. He thought about devouring the sharks, 
not about the sharks devouring him; and if he could 
succeed in catching one, I doubt if one of us would reject 
the tough and untempting flesh. He determined to make 
the attempt, and as he had no whirl which he could fasten 
to his rope he set to work to find something that might 
serve as a substitute. Curtis and Dowlas were consulted, 
and after a short conversation, during which they kept 
throwing bits of rope and spars into the water in order to 
entice the sharks to remain by the raft, Dowlas went and 
fetched his carpenter's tool, which is at once a hatchet and 
a hammer. Of this he proposed to make the whirl of 
which they were in need, under the hope that either the 

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sharp edge of the adze or the pointed extremity opposite 
would stick firmly into the jaws of any shark that might 
swallow it The wooden handle of the hammer was 
secured to the rope, which, in its turn, was tightly fastened 
to the raft 

With eager, almost breathless, excitement we stood 
watching the preparations, at the same time using every 
means in our power to attract the attention of the sharks. 
As soon as the whirl was ready the boatswain began to 
think about bait, and, talking rapidly to himself, ransacked 
every corner of the raft, as though he expected to find 
some dead body coming opportunely to sight But his 
search ended in nothing ; and the only plan that suggested 
itself was again to have recourse to Miss Herbey's red 
shawl, of which a fragment was wrapped round the head of 
the hammer. After testing the strengfth of his line, and 
reassuring himself that it was fastened firmly both to the 
hammer and to the raft, the boatswain lowered it into the 

The sea was quite transparent, and any object was 
clearly visible to a depth of two hundred feet below the 
surface. Leaning over the low parapet of the raft we 
looked on in breathless silence, as the scarlet rag, distinct 
as it was against the blue mass of water, made its slow 
descent. But one by one the sharks seemed to disappear. 
They could not, however, have gone far away, and it was 

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not likely that anything in the shape of bait dropped near 
them would long escape their keen voracity. 

Suddenly, without speaking, the boatswain raised his 
hand and pointed to a dark mass skimming along the 
surface of the water, and making straight in our direction. 
It was a shark, certainly not less than twelve feet long. 
As soon as the creature was about four fathoms from the 
' raft, the boatswain gently drew in his line until the whirl 
was in such a position that the shark must cross right 
over it; at the same time he shook the 'line a little, 
that he might give the whirl the appearance, if he could, 
of being something alive and moving. As the creature 
came near, my heart beat violently ; I could see its 
eyes flashing above the waves; and its gaping jaws, as 
it turned half over on its back, exhibited long rows of 
pointed teeth. 

I know not who it was, but some one at that moment 
uttered an involuntary cry of horror. The shark came to a 
standstill, turned about, and escaped quite out of sight. 
The boatswain was pale with anger. 

" The first man who speaks," he said, *' I will kill him on 
the spot" 

Again he applied himself to his task. The whirl again 
was lowered, this time to the depth of twenty fathoms, but 
for half an hour or more not a shark could be distinguished ; 
but as the waters far below seemed somehow to be troubled 

P 2 

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I could not help believing that some of the brutes at least 
were still there. 

All at once, with a violent jerk, the cord was wrested 
from the boatswain's hands ; firmly attached, however, as 
it was to the raft, it was not lost The bait had been 
seized by a shark, and the iron had made good its hold 
upon the creature's flesh. 

" Now, then, my lads," cried the boatswain, " haul away !" 

Passengers and sailors, one and all, put forth what 
strength they had to drag the rope, but so violent were the 
creature's struggles that it required all our efforts (and it is 
needless to say that they were willing enough) to bring it to 
the surface. At length, after exertions that almost exhausted 
us, the water became agitated by the violent flappings ot 
the tail and flns ; and looking down I saw the huge carcase 
of the shark writhing convulsively amidst waves that were 
stained with blood. 

"Steady I steady!" said the boatswain, as the head 
appeared above. 

The whirl had passed right through the jaw into 
the middle of the throat, so that no struggle on 
the part of the animal could possibly release it Dowlas 
seized his hatchet, ready to despatch the brute the mo- 
ment it should be landed on the raft A short sharp 
snap was heard. The shark had closed its jaws, and 
bitten through the wooden handle of the hammer. Another 

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"steady! steady !*• 

Pmg* ai>. 

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moment and it had turned round and was completely 

A howl of despair burst from all our lips. All the labour 
and the patience, all had been in vain. Dowlas made a 
few more unsuccessful attempts, but as the whirl was lost, 
and they had no means of replacing it, there was no further 
room for hope. They did, indeed, lower some cords twisted 
into running knots, but (as might have been expected) these 
only slipped over, without holding, the slimy bodies of the 
sharks. As a last resource the boatswain allowed his naked 
1^ to hang over the side of the raft ; the monsters, how- 
ever, were proof even against this attraction. 

Reduced once again to a gloomy despondency, all turned 
to their places, to await the end that cannot now be long 

Just as I moved away I heard the boatswain say to 
Curtis, — 

" Captain, when shall we draw lots ? " 

The captain made no reply. 

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January \6th. — If the crew of any passing vessel had 
caught sight of us as we lay still and inanimate upon our 
sail-cloth, they would scarcely, at first sight, have hesitated 
to pronounce us dead 

My sufferings were terrible: tongue, lips, and throat 
were so parched and swollen that if food had been at hand 
I question whether I could have swallowed it So exas- 
perated were the feelings of us all, however, that we glanced 
at each other with looks as savage as though we were 
about to slaughter and without delay eat up one another. 

The heat was aggravated by the atmosphere being some- 
what stormy. Heavy vapours gathered on the horizon, and 
there was a look as if it were raining all around. Longing 
eyes and gasping mouths turned involuntarily towards the 
clouds, and M. Letburneur, on bended knee, was raising his 
hands, as it might be in supplication to the relentless 

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It was eleven o'clock in the morning. I listened for 
distant rumblings which might announce an approaching 
storm, but although the vapours had obstructed the sun's 
rays, they no longer presented the appearance of being 
charged with electricity. Thus our prognostications ended 
in disappointment ; the clouds, which in the early morning 
had been marked by the distinctness of their outline, had 
melted one into another and assumed an uniform dull grey 
tint ; in fact, we were enveloped in an ordinary fog. But 
was it not still possible that this fog might turn to rain } 

Happily this hope was destined to be realized ; for in a 
very short time, Dowlas, with a shout of delight, declared 
that rain was actually coming ; and sure enough, not half 
a mile from the raft, the dark parallel streaks against the 
sky testified that there at least the rain was falling. I 
fancied I could see the drops rebounding from the surface 
of the water. The wind was fresh and bringing the cloud 
right on towards us, yet we could not suppress our 
trepidation lest it should exhaust itself before it reached 

But no : very soon large heavy drops began to fall, and 
the storm-cloud, passing over our heads, was outpouring its 
contents upon us. The shower, however, was very transient ; 
already a bright streak of light along the horizon marked 
the limit of the cloud and warned us that we must be quick 
to make the most of what it had to give us. Curtis had 

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placed the broken barrel in the position that was most 
exposed, and every sail was spread out to the fullest extent 
our dimensions would allow. 

We all laid ourselves down flat upon our backs and kept 
our mouths wide open. The rain splashed into my face, 
wetted my lips, and trickled down my throat. Never can 
I describe the ecstasy with which I imbibed that renovating 
moisture. The parched and swollen glands relaxed, I 
breathed afresh, and my whole being seemed revived with 
a strange and requickened life. 

The rain lasted about twenty minutes, when the cloud, 
still only half exhausted, passed quite away from over us. 

We grasped each other's hands as we rose from the plat- 
form on which we had been lying, and mutual congratula- 
tions, mingled with gratitude, poured forth from our long 
silent lips, Hope, however evanescent it might be, for the 
moment had returned, and we yielded to the expectation 
that, ere long, other and more abundant clouds might come 
and replenish our store. 

The next consideration was how to preserve and^ 
economize what little had been collected by the barrel, or 
imbibed by the outspread sails. It was found that only a 
few pints of rain-water had fallen into the barrel : to this 
small quantity the sailors were about to add what they 
could by wringing out the saturated sails, when Curtis made 
them desist from their intention. 

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"Stop, stop!" he said, "we must wait a moment; we 
must see whether this water from the sails is drinkable." 

I looked at him in amazement. Why should not this 
be as drinkable as the other ? He squeezed a few drops 
out of one of the folds of a sail into the tin pot, and put it 
to his lips. To my surprise, he rejected it immediately, 
and upon tasting it for myself I found it not merely 
brackish, but briny as the sea itself. The fact was that 
the canvas had been so long exposed to the action of the 
waves, that it had become thoroughly impregnated by salt, 
which of course was taken up again by the water that fell 
upon it. Disappointed we were ; but with several pints of 
water in our possession, we were not only contented for the 
present, but sanguine in our prospect for the future. 

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January 17 tk. — As a natural consequence of the alle- 
viation of our thirst, the pangs of hunger returned more 
violently than ever. Although we had no bait, and 
even if we had we could not use it for want of a whirl, 
we could not help asking whether no possible means 
could be devised for securing one out of the many sharks 
that were still perpetually swarming about the raft. Armed 
with knives, like the Indians in the pearl fisheries, was 
it not practicable to attack the monsters in their own 
element ? Curtis expressed his willingness personally 
to make the attempt, but so numerous were the sharks 
that we would not for one moment hear of his risking his 
life in a venture of which the danger was as great as the 
success was doubtful. 

By plunging into the sea, or by gnawing at a piece of 
metal, we could always, or at least often, do something that 
cheated us into believing that we were mitigating the pains 

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of thirst ; but with hunger it was different The prospect, 
too, of rain seemed hopeful, whilst for getting food there 
appeared no chance ; and, as we knew that nothing could 
compensate for the lack of nutritive matter, we were soon 
all cast down again. Shocking to confess, it would be 
untrue to deny that we surveyed each other with the eye of 
an eager longing ; and I need hardly explain to what a 
degree of savageness the one idea that haunted us had 
reduced our feelings. 

Ever since the storm-cloud brought us the too transient 
shower the sky has been tolerably clear, and although at 
that time the wind had slightly freshened, it has since 
dropped, and the sail hangs idly against our mast. Except 
for the trifling relief it brings by modifying the tem- 
perature we care little now for any breeze. Ignorant 
as we are as to what quarter of the Atlantic we have 
been carried by the currents, it matters very little to us 
from what direction the wind may blow if only it would 
bring, in rain or dew, the moisture of which we are so 
dreadfully in need. 

The mooil was entering her last quarter, so that it was 
dark till nearly midnight, and the stars were misty, not 
glowing with that lustre which is so often characteristic of 
cool nights. Half frantic with that sense of hunger which 
invariably returns with redoubled vigour at the close of 
every day, I threw myself, in a kind of frenzy, upon a 

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bundle of sails that was lying on the starboard of the raft, 
and leaning over, I tried to get some measure of relief by 
inhaling the moist coolness that rarely fails to circulate just 
above the water. My brain was haunted by the most 
horrible nightmares ; not that I suppose I was in any way 
more distressed than my companions, who were lying in 
their usual places, vainly endeavouring to forget their 
sufferings in sleep. 

After a time I fell into a restless, dreamy doze. I was 
neither asleep nor awake. How long I remained in that 
state of stupor I could hardly say, but at length a strange 
sensation half brought me to myself. Was I dreaming, or 
was there not really some unaccustomed odour floating in 
the air? My nostrils became distended, and I could 
scarcely suppress a cry of astonishment ; but some instinct 
kept me quiet, and I laid myself down again with tlie 
puzzled sensation sometimes experienced when we have 
forgotten a word or name. Only a few minutes, how- 
ever, had elapsed before another still more savoury puff 
induced me to take several long inhalations. Suddenly, 
the truth seemed to flash across my mind. "Surely," I 
muttered to myself " this must be cooked meat that I can 

Again and again I sniffed, and became more convinced 
than ever that my senses were not deceiving me. But from 
what part of the raft could the smell proceed ? I rose to 

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my knees, and having satisfied myself that the odour came 
from the front, I crept stealthily as a cat under the sails 
and between the spars in that direction. Following the 
promptings of my scent, rather than my vision, like a 
bloodhound in the track of his prey, I searched everywhere 
I could, now finding, now losing, the smell according to my 
change of position, or the dropping of the wind. At length 
I got the true scent, once for all, so that I CDuld go straight 
to the object for which I was in search. 

Approaching the starboard angle of the raft, I came to 
the conclusion that the smell that had thus keenly excited 
my cravings was the smell of smoked bacon ; the mem- 
branes of my tongue almost bristled with the intenseness 
of my longing. 

Crawling along a little farther, under a thick roll of sail- 
cloth, I was not long in securing my prize. Forcing my 
arm below the roll, I felt my hand in contact with some- 
thing wrapped up in paper. I clutched it up, and carried 
it off to a place where I could examine it by the help of the 
light of the moon that had now made its appearance above 
the horizon. I almost shrieked for joy. It was a piece of 
bacon. True, it did not weigh many ounces, but small as 
it was it would suffice to alleviate the pangs of hunger for 
one day at least I was just on the point of raising it to 
my mouth, when a hand was laid upon my arm. It was 
only by a most determined effort that I kept myself from 

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screaming out. One instant more, and I found myself face 
to face with Hobart 

In a moment I understood all. Plainly this rascal 
Hobart had saved some provision from the wreck, upon 
which he had been subsisting ever since. The steward had 
provided for himself, whilst ajl around him were dying of 
starvation. Detestable wretch ! This accounts for the 
inconsistency of his well-to-do looks and his pitiable groans. 
Vile hypocrite ! 

Yet why, it struck me, should I complain ? Was not I 
reaping the benefit of that secret store that he, for himself, 
had saved ? 

But Hobart had no idea of allowing me the peaceable 
possession of what he held to be his own. He made a 
dash at the fragment of bacon; and seemed determined to 
wrest it from my grasp. We struggled with each other, 
but although our wrestling was very violent, it was very 
noiseless. We were both of u3 aware that it was absolutely 
necessary that not one of those on board should know any- 
thing at all about the prize for which we were contending. 
Nor was my own determination lessened by hearing him 
groan out that it was his last, his only morsel. " His ! " I 
thought ; " it shall be mine now ! " 

And still careful that no noise of commotion should 
arise, I threw him on his back, and grasping his throat so 
that it gurgled again, I held him down until, in rapid 

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•we struggled with each other." 

Pa£t 329. 

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mouthfuls, I had swallowed up the last scrap of the food 
for which we had fought so hard. 

I released my prisoner, and quietly crept back to my own 

And not a soul is aware that I have broken my fast ! 

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January liih. — ^After this excitement I awaited the 
approach of day with a strange anxietj'. My conscience 
told me that Hobart had the right to denounce me in the 
presence of all my fellow-passengers ; yet my alarm was 
vain. The idea of my proceedings being exposed by him 
was quite absurd ; in a moment he would himself be mur- 
dered without pity by the crew, if it should be revealed 
that, unknown to them, he had been living on some private 
store which, by clandestine cunning, he had reserved. But, 
in spite of my anxiety, I had a longing for day to come. 

The bit of food that I had thus stolen was Very small ; 
but small as it was it had alleviated my hunger, and I was 
now tortured with remorse, because I had not shared the 
meagre morsel with my fellow-sufferers. Miss Herbey, 
Andr6, his father, all had been forgotten, and from the 
bottom of my heart I repented of my cruel selfishness. 

Meantime the moon rose high in the heavens, and the 

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Pa^ 335. 

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first streaks of dawn appeared. There is no twilight in 
these low latitudes, and the full daylight came well nigh at 
once. I had not closed my eyes since my encounter with 
the steward, and ever since the first blush of day I had 
laboured under the impression that I could see some 
unusual dark mass halfway up the mast. But although it 
again and again caught my eye, it hardly roused my 
curiosity, and I did not rise from the bundle of sails on 
which I was lying to ascertain what it really was. But no 
sooner did the rays of the sun fall full upon it than I saw 
at once that it was the body of a man, attached to a rope, 
and swinging to and fro with the motion of the raft. 

A horrible presentiment carried me to the foot of the 
mast, and, just as I had guessed, Hobart had hanged him- 
self I could not for a moment doubt that it was I myself 
that had impelled him to the suicide. A cry of horror 
had scarcely escaped my lips, when my fellow-passengers 
were at my side, and the rope was cut Then came the 
sailors. And what was it that made the group gather so 
eagerly around the body ? Was it a humane desire to see 
whether any spark of life remained i No, indeed ; the 
corpse was cold, and the limbs were rigid ; there was no 
chance that animation should be restored. What then 
was it that kept them lingering so close around i It was 
only too apparent what they were about to do. 

But I did not, could not, look. I refused to take part in 


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the horrible repast that was proposed. Neither would 
Miss Herbey, Andr^, nor his father, consent to alleviate 
their pangs of hunger by such revolting means. I know 
nothing for certain as to what Curtis did, and I did not ven- 
ture to inquire ; tjut of the others, — Falsten, Dowlas,' the 
boatswain, and all the rest, — I know that, to assuage their 
cravings, they consented to reduce themselves to the level 
of beasts of prey; they were transformed from human 
beings into ravenous brutes. 

The four of us who sickened at the idea of partaking of 
the horrid meal withdrew to the seclusion of our tent ; it 
was bad enough to hear, without witnessing the appalling 
operation. But, in truth, I had the greatest difficulty in the 
world in preventing Andr6 from rushing out upon the 
cannibals, and snatching the odious food from their clutches. 
I represented to him the hopelessness of his attempt, and 
tried to reconcile him by telling him that if they Hked the 
food they had a right to it Hobart had not been mur- 
dered ; he had died by his own hand ; and, after all, as the 
boatswain had once remarked to me, " it was better to eat 
a dead man than a live one." 

Do what I would, however, I could not quiet Andrfe's 
feeling of abhorrence; in his disgust and loathing he 
seemed for the time to have quite forgotten his own 

Meanwhile, there was no concealing the truth that we 

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were ourselves dying of starvation, whilst our eight com- 
panions would probably, by their loathsome diet, escape 
that frightful destiny. Owing to his secret hoard of pro- 
visions Hobart had been by far the strongest amongst us ; 
he had been supported, so that no organic disease had 
affected his tissues, and really might be said to be in good 
health when his chagrin drove him to his desperate suicide. 
But what was I thinking of! whither were my meditations 
carrying me away? was it not coming to pass that the 
cannibals were rousing my envy instead of exciting my 
horror ? 

Very shortly after this I heard Dowlas talking about the 
possibility of obtaining salt by evaporating sea-water in 
the sun; "and then," he added, "we can salt down the 

The boatswain assented to what the carpenter had said, 
and probably the suggestion was adopted. 

Silence, the most profound, now reigns upon the raft. I 
presume that nearly all have gone to sleep. One thing I 
do know, that they are no longer hungry ! 

Q 2 

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January i()i/L — All through the day the sky remained 
unclouded and the heat intense ; and night came on with- 
out bringing much sensible moderation in the temperature. 
I was unable to get any sleep, and, towards morning, was 
disturbed by hearing an angry clamour going on outside 
the tent ; it aroused M. Lctourneur, Andr^, and Miss 
Herbey, as much as myself, and we were anxious to ascer- 
tain the cause of the tumult. 

The boatswain, Dowlas, and all the sailors were storming 
at each other in frightful rage ; and Curtis, who had come 
forward from the stern, was vainly endeavouring to pacify 

" But who has done it ? we must know who has done 
it," said Dowlas, scowling with vindictive passion on the 
group around him. 

"There's a thief," howled out the boatswain, "and he 
shall be found ! Let's know who has taken it." 

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"I haven't taken it!" "Nor I!" "Nor I!" cried the 
sailors one after another. 

And then they set to work again to ransack every 
quarter of the raft; they rolled every spar aside, they 
overturned everything on board, and only grew more and 
more incensed with anger as their search proved fruitless. 

"Cdin jyou tell us," said the boatswain, coming up to me, 
"who is the thief.?" 

"Thief!" I replied. "I don't know what you mean." 

And while we were speaking the others all came up 
together, and told me that they had looked everywhere 
else, and that they were going now to search the tent. 

" Shame ! " I said. " You ought to allow those whom you 
know to be dying of hunger at least to die in peace. There 
is not one of us who has left the tent all night. Why 
suspect us?" 

"Now just look here, Mr. Kazallon," said the boatswain, 
in a voice which he was endeavouring to calm down into 
moderation, "we are not accusing you of anything; we 
know well enough you, and all the rest of you, had a right 
to your shares as much as anybody ; but that isn't it It's 
all gone somewhere, every bit." 

" Yes," said Sandon gruffly ; " it's all gone somewheres, 
and we are a going to search the tent." 

Resistance was useless, and Miss Herbey, M. Letoumeur, 
and Andr6 were all turned out. 

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I confess I was very fearful. I had a strong suspicion 
that for the sake of his son, for whom he was ready to 
venture anything, M. Letourneur had committed the 
theft ; in that case I knew that nothing would have pre- 
vented the infuriated men from tearing the devoted father 
to pieces. I beckoned to Curtis for protection, and he 
came and stood beside me. He said nothing, but waited 
ivith his hands in his pockets, and I think I am not mis- 
taken in my belief that there was some sort of a weapon in 

To my great relief the search was ineffectual. There 
was no doubt that the carcase of the suicide had been 
thrown overboard, and the rage of the disappointed can- 
nibals knew no bounds. 

Yet who had ventured to do the deed.^ I looked at 
M. Letourneur and Miss Herbey ; but their countenances 
at once betrayed their ignorance. Andr6 turned his face 
away, and his eyQS did not meet my own. Probably it fs 
he ; but, if it be, I wonder whether he has reckoned up the 
consequences of so rash an act. 

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January 20th to 22nd. — For the day or two after the 
horrible repast of the i8th those who had partaken of it 
appeared to suffer comparatively little either from hunger 
or thirst ; but for the four of us who had tasted nothing, 
the agony of suffering grew more and more intense. It 
was enough to make us repine over the loss of the pro- 
vision that had so mysteriously gone ; and if any one of us 
should die, I doubt whether the survivors would a second 
time resist the temptation to assuage their pangs by tasting 
human flesh. 

Before long, all the cravings of hunger began to return 
to the sailors, and I could see their Qyes greedily glancing 
upon us, starved as they knew us to be, as though they 
were reckoning our hours, and already were preparing to 
consume us as their prey. 

As is always the case with shipwrecked men, we were 
tormented by thirst far more than by hunger ; and if, in the 

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height of our sufferings, we had been offered our choice 
between a few drops of water and a few crumbs of biscuit, 
I do not doubt that we should, without exception, have 
preferred to take the water. 

And what a mockery to our condition did it seem that all 
this while there was water, water, nothing but water, every- 
where around us ! Again and again, incapable of com- 
prehending how powerless it was to relieve me, I put a few 
drops within my lips, but only with tlie invariable result of 
bringing on a most trying nausea, and rendering my thirst 
more unendurable than before. 

Forty-two days had passed since we quitted the sinking 
" Chancellor." There could be no hope now ; all of us 
must die, and by the most deplorable of deaths. I was 
quite conscious that a mist was gathering over my brain ; 
I felt my senses sinking into a condition of torpor ; I made 
an effort, but all in vain, to master the delirium that I was 
aware was taking possession of my reason. It is out of my 
power to decide for how long I lost my consciousness ; but 
when I came to myself I found that Miss Herbey had 
folded some wet bandages around my forehead. I am 
somewhat better ; but I am weakened, mind and body, and 
I am conscious that I have not long to live. 

A frightful fatality occurred to-day. The scene was 
terrible. Jynxtrop the negro went raving mad. Curtis 
and several of the men tried their utmost to control him. 

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'' ■ -• ■■ ■■ .. :/ ■ 


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but in spite of everything he broke loose, and tore up and 
down the raft, uttering fearful yells. He had gained pos- 
session of a handspike, and rushed upon us all with thq 
ferocity of an infuriated tiger ; how we contrived to escape 
mischief from his attacks, I knov/ not. All at once, by one 
of those unaccountable impulses of madness, his rage 
turned against himself. With his teeth and nails he 
gnawed and tore away at his own flesh ; dashing the blood 
into our faces, he shrieked out with a demoniacal grin, 
"Drink, drink!" and flinging us gory morsels, kept saying 
" Eat, eat !" In the midst of his insane shrieks he made a 
sudden pause, then dashing back again from the stem to 
the front, he made a bound and disappeared beneath the 

Falsten, Dowlas, and the boatswain, made a rush that at 
least they might secure the body ; but it was too late ; all 
that they could see was a crimson circle in the water, and 
some huge sharks disporting themselves around the spot 

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January 2ird, — Only eleven of us now remain ; and tlie 
probability is very great that every day must now carry off 
at least its one victim, and perhaps more. The end of the 
tragedy is rapidly approaching, and save for the chance, 
which is next to an impossibility, of our sighting land, or 
being picked up by a passing vessel, ere another week has 
elapsed not a single survivor of the "Chancellor*' will 

The wind freshened considerably in the night, and it is 
now blowing pretty briskly from the north-east. It has 
filled our sail, and the white foam in our wake is an 
indication that we are making some progress. The captain 
reckons that we must be advancing at the rate of about 
three miles an hour. 

Curtis and Falsten are certainly in the best condition 
amongst us, and in spite of their extreme emaciation they 
bear up wonderfully under the protracted hardships we 

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have all endured. Words cannot describe the melancholy 
state to which poor Miss Herbey bodily is reduced ; her 
whole being seems absorbed into her soul, but that soul is 
brave and resolute as ever, living in heaven rather than on 
earth. The boatswain, strong, energetic man that he was, 
has shrunk into a mere shadow of his former self, and I 
doubt whether any one would recognize him to be the same 
man. He keeps perpetually to one corner of the raft, his 
head dropped upon his chest, and his long, bony hands 
lying upon knees that project sharply from his worn-out 
trowsers. Unlike Miss Herbey, his spirit seems to have 
sunk into apathy, and it is at times difficult to believe that 
he is living at all, so motionless and statue-like does he sit 
Silence continues to reign upon the raft. Not a sound, 
not even a groan, escapes our lips. We do not exchange 
ten words in the course of the day, and the few syllables 
that our parched tongue and swollen lips can pronounce 
are almost unintelligible. Wasted and bloodless, we are no 
longer human beings ; we are spectres. 

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January 24/A.— I have inquired more than once of 
Curtis if he has the faintest idea to what quarter of the 
Atlantic we have drifted, and each time he has been 
unable to give me a decided answer, though from his 
general observation of the direction of the wind and 
currents he imagines that we have been carried westwards, 
that is to say, towards the land. 

To-day the breeze has dropped entirely, but the heavy 
swell is still upon the sea, and is an unquestionable sign 
that a tempest has been raging at no great distance. The 
raft labours hard against the waves, and Curtis, Falsten, 
and the boatswain, employ the little energy that remains to 
them in strengthening the joints. Why do they give 
themselves such trouble? Why not let the few frail 
planks part asunder, and allow the ocean to terminate our 
miserable existence ? Certain it seems that our sufferings 
must have reached their utmost limit, and nothing could 

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exceed the torture that we are enduring. The sky pours 
down upon us a heat like that of molten lead, and the 
sweat that saturates the tattered clothes that hang about 
our bodies goes far to aggravate the agonies of our thirst. 
No words of mine can describe this dire distress; these 
sufferings are beyond human estimate. 

Even bathing, the only means of refreshment that we 
possessed, has now become impossible, for ever since 
Jynxtrop's death the sharks have hung about the raft in 

To-day I tried to gain a few drops of fresh water by 
evaporation, but even with the exercise of the greatest 
patience, it was with the utmost difficulty that I obtained 
enough to moisten a little scrap of linen ; and the only 
kettle, that we had was so old and battered, that it would 
not bear the fire, so that I was obliged to give up the 
attempt in despair. 

Falsten is now almost exhausted, and if he survives us at 
all, it can only be for a few days. Whenever I raised my 
head I always failed to see him, but he was probably lying 
sheltered somewhere beneath the sails. Curtis was the 
only man who remained on his feet, but with indomitable 
pluck he continued to stand on the front of the raft, 
waiting, watching, hoping. To look at him, with his 
unflagging energy, almost tempted me to imagine that he 
did well to hope, but I dared not entertain one sanguine 

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thought, and there I lay, waiting, nay, longing for 

How many hours passed away thus I cannot tell, but 
after a time a loud peal of laughter burst upon my ear. 
Some one else, then, was going mad, I thought ; but the 
idea did not rouse me in the least. The laughter was 
repeated with greater vehemence, but I never raised my 
head. Presently I caught a few incoherent words. 

" Fields, fields, gardens and trees 1 Look, there's an inn 
under the trees! Quick, quick! brandy, gin, water! a 
guinea a drop ! 1*11 pay for it ! IVe lots of money ! lots ! 

Poor deluded wretch ! I thought again ; the wealth of a 
nation could not buy a drop of water here. There was 
silence for a minute, whdn all of a sudden I heard the 
shout of " Land ! land!" 

The words acted upon me like an electric shock, and, 
with a frantic effort, I started to my feet. No land, indeed, 
was visible, but Flaypole, laughing, singing, and gesti- 
culating, was raging up and down the raft Sight, taste, 
and hearing — all were gone ; but the cerebral derangement 
supplied their place, and in imagination the maniac was 
conversing with absent friends, inviting them into the 
George Inn at Cardiff, offering them gin, whisky, and, above 
all, water! Stumbling at every step, and singing in a 
cracked, discordant voice, he staggered about amongst us 

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like an intoxicated man. With the loss of his senses all 
his sufferings had vanished, and his thirst was appeased. 
It was hard not to wish to be a partaker of his hallu- 

Dowlas, Falsten, and the boatswain, seemed to think 
that the unfortunate wretch would, like Jynxtrop, put an 
end to himself by leaping into the sea ; but, determined 
this time to preserve the body, that it might serve a better 
purpose than merely feeding the sharks, they rose and 
followed the madman everywhere he went, keeping a strict 
eye upon his every movement 

But the matter did not end as they expected. As 
though he were really intoxicated by the stimulants of 
which he had been raving, Flaypole at last sank down in a 
heap in a corner of the raft, where he lay lost in a heavy 

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January 25///. — Last night \vas very misty, and for some 
unaccountable reason, one of the hottest that can be 
imagined. The atmosphere was really so stifling, that it 
seemed as if it only required a spark to set it alight The 
raft was not only quite stationary, but did not even rise 
and fall with any motion of the waves. 

During the night I tried to count how many there were 
now on board, but I was utterly unable to collect my 
ideas sufficiently to make the enumeration. Sometimes I 
counted ten, sometimes twelve, and although I knew that 
eleven, since Jynxtrop was dead, was the correct number, 
I could never bring my reckoning right Of one thing I 
felt quite sure, and that was that the number would very 
soon be ten. I was convinced that I could myself last but 
very little longer. All the events and associations of my 
life passed rapidly through my brain. My country, my 
friends, and my family all appeared as it were in a vision, 

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and seemed as though they had come to bid me a last 

Towards morning I woke from my sleep, if the languid 
stupour into which I had fallen was worthy of that name. 
One fixed idea had taken possession of my brain ; I would 
put an end to myself, and I felt a sort of pleasure as I 
gloated over the power that I had to terminate my suf- 
ferings. I told Curtis, with the utmost composure, of my 
intention, and he received the intelligence as calmly as it 
was delivered. 

" Of course you will do as you please," he said ; " for my 
own part, I shall not abandon my post. It is my duty to 
remain here, and unless death comes to carry me away, I 
shall stay where I am to the very last." 

The dull grey fog still hung heavily over the ocean, but 
the sun was evidently shining above the mist, and would, 
in course of time, dispel the vapour. Towards seven o'clock 
I fancied I heard the cries of birds above my head. The 
sound was repeated three times, and as I went up to the 
captain to ask him about it, I heard him mutter to him- 
self, — 

" Birds ! why, that looks as if land were not far off." 

But although Curtis might still cling to the hope of 
reaching land, I knew not what it was to have one sanguine 
thought For me there was neither continent nor island ; 
the world was one fluid sphere, uniform, monotonous, as in 


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the most primitive period of its formation. Nevertheless 
it must be owned that it was with a certain amount of 
impatience that I awaited the rising of the mist, for I was 
anxious to shake off the phantom fallacies that Curtis's 
words had suggested to my mind. 

Not till eleven o'clock did the fog begin to break, and as 
it rolled in heavy folds along the surface of the water, I 
could every now and then catch glimpses of a clear blue 
sky beyond. Fierce sunbeams pierced the cloud-rifts, 
scorching and burning our bodies like red-hot iron ; but it 
was only above our heads that there was any sunlight to 
condense the vapour ; the horizon was still quite invisible. 
There was no wind, and for half an hour longer the fog 
hung heavily round the raft, whilst Curtis, leaning against 
the side, strove to penetrate the obscurity. At length the 
sun burst forth in full power, and, sweeping the surface of 
the ocean, dispelled the fog, and left the horizon opened to 
our eyes. 

There, exactly as we had seen it for the last six weeks, 
was the circle that bounded sea and sky, unbroken, definite, 
distinct as ever 1 Curtis gazed with intensest scrutiny, but 
did not speak a word. I pitied him sincerely, for he alone 
of us all felt that he had not the right to put an end to his 
misery. For myself, I had fully determined that if I lived 
till the following day, I would die by my own hand. 
Whether my companions were still alive, I hardly cared to 

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^^^B^H^^v"^'/.'/' / • ''JBB^^H 

^^HIP'--jB^ "f^B^B 

^^^^Bp^'''-' ^'T^^'^^^b - jM^B^^SBP^t^^^B 
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ j^^^^^^^^^P^^^B 



: ■■■# 


/oer 243. 

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know ; it seemed as though days had passed since I had 
seen them. 

Night drew on, but I could not sleep for a moment. 
Towards two o'clock in the morning my thirst was so 
intense that I was unable to suppress loud cries of agony. 
Was there nothing that would serve to quench the fire that 
was burning within me ? What if instead of drinking the 
blood of others I were to drink my own ? It would be all 
unavailing, I was well aware, but scarcely had the thought 
crossed my mind, than I proceeded to put it into execution. 
I unclasped my knife, and, stripping my arm, with a steady 
thrust I opened a small vein. The blood oozed out slowly, 
drop by drop, and as I eagerly swallowed the source of my 
very life, I felt that for a moment my torments were 
relieved. But only for a moment ; all energy had failed 
my pulses, and almost immediately the blood had ceased 
to flow. 

How long it seemed before the morning dawned ! and 
when that morning came it brought another fog, heavy as 
before, that again shut out the horizon. The fog was hot 
as the burning steam that issues from a boiler. It was to 
be my last day upon earth, and I felt that I should like to 
press the hand of a friend before I died. Curtis was stand- 
ing near, and crawling up to him, I took his hand in my 
own. He seemed to know that I was taking my farewell, 
and with one last lingering hope he endeavoured to 

R 2 

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restrain me. But all in vain, my mind was finally 
made up. 

I should have liked to speak once again to M. Letoumeur, 
Andr^, and Miss Herbey, but my courage failed me. I 
knew that the young girl would read my resolution in my 
eyes, and that she would speak to me of duty and of God, 
and of eternity, and I dared not meet her gaze ; and I 
would not run the risk of being persuaded to wait until a 
lingering death should overtake me. I returned to the 
back of the raft, and after making several efforts, I managed 
to get on to my feet. I cast one long look at the pitiless 
ocean and the unbroken horizon ; if a sail or the outline of 
a coast had broken on my view, I believe that I should 
only have deemed myself the victim of an illusion ; but 
nothing of the kind appeared, and the sea was dreary as a 

It was ten o'clock in the morning. The pangs of hunger 
and the torments of thirst were racking me with redoubled 
vigour. All instinct of self-preservation had left me, and 
I felt that the hour had come when I must cease to suffer. 
Just as I was on the point of casting myself headlong into 
the sea, a voice, which I recognized as Dowlas's, broke upon 
my ear. 

" Captain," he said, " we are going to draw lots." 

Involuntarily I paused ; I did not take my plunge, but 
returned to my place upon the raft 

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January 26tk — All heard and understood the proposi- 
tion; in fact, it had been in contemplation for several 
days, but no one had ventured to put the idea into words. 
However, it was done now ; lots were to be drawn, and to 
each would be assigned his share of the body of the one 
ordained by fate to be the victim. For my own part, I 
profess that I was quite resigned for the lof to fall upon 
myself. I thought I heard Andr^ Letoumeur beg for an 
exception to be made in favour of Miss Herbey, but the 
sailors raised a murmur of dissent. As there were eleven 
of us on board, there were ten chances to one in each one's 
favouf, a proportion which would be diminished if Miss 
Herbey were excluded, so that the young lady was forced 
to take her chance among the rest. 

It was then half-past ten, and the boatswain, who had 
been roused from his lethargjy by what the carpenter had 
said, insisted that the drawing should take place imme- 

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diately. There was no reason for postponing the fatal 
lottery. There was not one of us that clung in the least to 
life, and we knew that at the worst, whoever should be 
doomed to die, would only precede the rest by a few days, 
or even hours. All that we desired was just once to slake 
our raging thirst and moderate our gnawing hunger. 

How all the names found their way to the bottom of a 
hat I cannot tell. Very likely Falsten wrote them upon 
a leaf torn from his memorandum-book. But be that as it 
may, the eleven names were there, and it was unanimously 
agreed that the last name drawn should be the victim. 

But who would draw the names ? There was hesitation 
for a moment; then, "I will,'* said a voice behind me. 
Turning round, I beheld M. Letoumeur standing with out- 
stretched hand, and with his long white hair falling over 
his thin livid face that was almost sublime in its calmness. 
I divined at once the reason of this voluntary offer; I 
knew that it was the father's devotion in self-sacrifice that 
led him to undertake the office. 

" As soon as you please," said the boatswain, and handed 
him the hat. 

M. Letoumeur proceeded to draw out the folded strips 
of paper one by one, and after reading out aloud the name 
upon it, handed it to its owner. 

The first name called was that of Burke, who uttered a 
cry of delight ; then followed Flaypole and the boatswain. 

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.What his name really was I never could exactly learn. 
Then came Falsten, Curtis, Sandon. More than half had 
now been called, and my name had not yet been drawn. I 
calculated my remaining chance ; it was still four to one in 
my favour. 

M. Letourneur continued his painful task. Since Burke's 
first exclamation of joy not a sound had escaped our lips, 
but all were listening in breathless silence. The seventh 
name was Miss Herbey*s, but the young girl heard it 
without a start. Then came mine, yes, mine! and the 
ninth was that of Letourneur. 

'* Which one ?'* asked the boatswain. 

" Andri," said M. Letourneur. 

With one cry Andr6 fell back senseless. Only two 
names now remained in the hat, those of Dowlas and 
of M. Letourneur himself. 

"Go on," almost roared the carpenter, surveying his 
partner in peril as though he could devour him. M. Le- 
tourneur almost had a smile upon his lips, as he drew forth 
the last paper but one, and with a firm, unfaltering voice, 
marvellous for his age, unfolded it slowly, and read the 
name of Dowlas. The carpenter gave a yell of relief as he 
heard the word. 

M. Letourneur took the last bit of paper from the hat, 
and without looking at it, tore it to pieces. But, unper- 
ceived by all but myself, one little fragment flew into a 

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corner of the raft. I crawled towards it and picked it up. 
On one side of it was written Andr — ; the rest of the 
word was torn away. M. Letoumeur saw what I had 
done, and rushing towards me, snatched the paper from 
my h^nds, and flung it into the sea. 

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January 26/4.— I understood it all ; the devoted father 
having nothing more to give, had given his life for his 

M. Letoumeur was no longer a human being in the eyes 
of the famished creatures who were now yearning to see him 
sacrificed to their cravings. At the very sight of the victim 
thus provided, all the tortures of hunger returned with 
redoubled violence. With lips distended, and teeth dis- 
played, they waited like a herd of camivora until they 
could attack their prey with brutal voracity; it seemed 
almost doubtful whether they would not fall upon him 
while he was still alive. It seemed impossible that any 
appeal to their humanity could, at such a moment, have 
any weight; nevertheless, the appeal was made, and, 
incredible as it may seem, prevailed. 

Just as the boatswain was about to act the part of 
butcher, and Dowlas stood, hatchet in hand, ready to 

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complete the barbarous work, Miss Herbey advanced, or 
rather crawled, towards them. 

" My friends," she pleaded, " will you not wait just one 
more day? If no land or ship is in sight to-morrow, then 
I suppose our poor companion must become your victim. 
But allow him one more day; in the name of mercy I 
entreat, I implore you." 

My heart bounded as she made her pitiful appeal. It 
seemed to me as though the noble girl had spoken with an 
inspiration on her lips, and I fancied that, perhaps, in super- 
natural vision she had viewed the coast or the ship of which 
she spoke ; and one more day was not much to us who 
had already suffered so long, and endured so much. 

Curtis and Falsten agreed with me, and we all 
united to support Miss Herbey *s merciful petition. The 
sailors did not utter a murmur, and the boatswain in a 
smothered voice said, — 

"Very well, we will wait till daybreak to-morrow," and 
threw down his hatchet 

To-morrow, then, unless land or a sail appear, the 
horrible sacrifice will be accomplished. Stifling their 
sufferings by a strenuous effort, all returned to their places. 
The sailors crouched beneath the sails, caring nothing 
about scanning the ocean. Food was in store for them 
to-morrow, and that was enough for them. 

As soon as Andr(5 Letourneurcame to his seitses, his first 

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thought was for his father, and I saw him count the pas- 
sengers on the raft He looked puzzled-; when he lost 
consciousness there had been only two names left in the 
hat, those of his father and the carpenter; and yet M. 
Letourneur and Dowlas were both there still. Miss Herbey 
went up to him and told him quietly that the drawing of 
the lots had not yet been finished. Andrd asked no 
further question, but took his father's hand. M. Letour- 
neur's countenance was calm and serene ; he seemed to be 
conscious of nothing except that- the life of his son was 
spared, and as the two sat conversing in an undertone at 
the back of the raft, their whole existence seemed bound up 
in each other. 

Meantime, I could not disabuse my mind of the im- 
pression caused by Miss Herbey's intervention. Something 
told me that help was near at hand, and that we were* 
approaching the termination of our suspense and misery; 
the chimeras that were floating through my brain resolved 
themselves into realities, so that nothing appeared to me 
more certain than that either land or sail, be they miles 
away, would be discovered somewhere to leeward. 

I imparted my convictions to M. Letourneur and his son. 
Andr^ was as -sanguine as myself; poor boy! he little 
thinks what a loss there is in store for him to-morrow. 
His father listened gravely to all we said, and whatever 
he might think in his own mind, he did not give us any 

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discouragement ; Heaven, he said, he was sure would still 
spare the survivors of the "Chancellor," and then he 
lavished on his son caresses which he deemed to be his last 

Some time afterwards, when I was alone with him, M. 
Letoumeur whispered in my ear, — 

" Mr. Kazallon, I commend my boy to your care, and 
mark you, he must never know — " 

His voice was choked with tears, and he could not 
finish his sentence. 

But I was full of hope, and, without a moment's inter- 
mission, I kept my eyes fixed upon the unbroken horizon. 
Curtis, Miss Herbey, Falsten, and even the boatswain, were 
also eagerly scanning the broad expanse of sea. 

Night has come on ; but I have still a profound con- 
viction that through the darkness some ship will approach, 
and that at daybreak our raft will be observed. 

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January 27/A. — I did not close my eyes all night, and 
was keenly alive to the faintest sounds, and every ripple of 
the water, and every murmur of the waves, broke distinctly 
on my ear. One thing I noticed and accepted as a happy 
omen; not a single shark now lingered round the raft. 
The waning moon rose at a quarter to one, and through 
the feeble glimmer which she cast across the ocean, many 
and many a time I fancied I caught sight of the longed-for 
sail, lying only a few cables'-lengths away. 

But when morning came, the sun rose once again upon a 
desert ocean, and my hopes began to fade. Neither ship 
nor shore had appeared, and as the shocking hour of 
execution drew near, my dreams of deliverance melted 
away ; I shuddered in my very soul as I was brought face 
to face with the stem reality. I dared not look upon the 
victim, and whenever his eyes, so full of calmness and 
resignation, met my own, I turned away my head. I felt . 

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choked with horror, and my brain reeled as though I were 

It was now six o'clock, and all hope had vanished from 
my breast ; my heart beat rapidly, and a cold sweat of 
agony broke out all over me. Curtis and the boatswain 
stood by the mast attentively scanning the horizon. The 
boatswain's countenance was terrible to look upon ; one 
could see that although he would not forestall the hour, he 
was determined not to wait a moment after it arrived. As 
for the captain, it was impossible to tell what really passed 
within his mind ; his face was livid, and his whole existence 
seemed concentrated in the exercise of his power of vision. 
The sailors were crawling about the platform, with their eyes 
gleaming, like wild beasts ready to pounce upon their 
devoted prey. 

I could no longer keep my place, and glided along to the 
front of the raft. The boatswain was still standing intent 
on his watch, but all of a sudden, in a voice that made me 
start, he shouted, — 

*' Now then, time's up ! " and followed by Dowlas, Burke, 
Flaypole, and Sandon, ran to the back of the raft. As 
Dowlas seized the hatchet convulsively. Miss Herbey 
could not suppress a cry of terror. Andr^ started to his 

" What are you going to do to my father ?'* he asked in 
accents choked with emotion, ' 

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"My boy," said M. Letourneur, "the lot has fallen upon 
me, and I must die ! " 

"Never!" shrieked Andr^, throwing his arms about his 
father. "They shall kill me first. It was I who threw 
Hobart*s body into the sea, and it is I who ought to die ! *' 

But the words of the unhappy youth had no other effect 
than to increase the fury of the men who were so staunchly 
bent upon their bloody purpose. 

" Come, come, no more fuss," said Dowlas, as he tore the 
young man away from his father's embrace. 

Andr^ fell upon his back, in which position two of the 
sailors held him down so tightly that he could not move, 
whilst Burke and Sandon carried off" their victim to the 

All this had taken place much more rapidly than I have 
been able to describe it I was transfixed with horror, and 
much as I wished to throw myself between M. Letourneur 
and his executioners, I seemed to be rooted to the spot 
where I was standing. 

Meantime the sailors had been taking off" some of M. 
Letoumeur's clothes, and his neck and shoulders were 
already bare. 

"Stop a moment!" he said in a tone in which was the 
ring of indomitable courage. "Stop! I dont want to 
deprive you of your ration ; but I suppose you will not 
require to eat the whole of me to-day." 

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The sailors, taken aback by his suggestion, stared at him 
with amazement 

" There are ten of you," he went on. " My two arms will 
give you each a meal ; cut them off for to-day, and to- 
morrow you shall have the rest of me." 

"Agreed!" cried Dowlas; and as M. Letoumeur held 
out his bare arms, quick as lightning the carpenter raised 
his hatchet. 

Curtis and I could bear this scene no longer ; whilst we 
were alive to prevent it, this butchery should not be 
permitted, and we rushed forwards simultaneously to 
snatch the victim from his murderers. A furious struggle 
ensued, and in the midst of the miUe^ I was seized by one 
of the sailors, and hurled violently into the sea. 

Closing my lips, I tried to die of suffocation in the water ; 
but in spite of mj^elf, my mouth opened, and a few drops 
trickled down my throat 

Merciful Heaven ! the water was fresh ! 

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Page as7. 

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yamiary 27th cofitinued. — ^A change came over me as if 
by miracle. No longer had I any wish to die, and already 
Curtis, who had heard my cries, was throwing me a rope. 
I seized it eagerly, and was hauled up on to the raft. 

*' Fresh water !" were the first words I uttered. 

"Fresh water?" cried Curtis, "why then, my friends, we 
are not far from land !" 

It was not too late ; the blow had not been struck, and 
so the victim had not yet fallen. Curtis and Andr6 (who 
had regained his liberty) had fought with the cannibals, 
and it was just as they were yielding to overpowering 
numbers that my voice had made itself heard. 

The struggle came to an end. As soon as the words 
•* Fresh water " had escaped my lips, I leaned over the side 
of the raft and swallowed the life-giving liquid in gjreedy 
draughts. Miss Herbey was the first to follow my 
example, but soon Curtis, Falsten, and all the rest were on 


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their knees and drinking eagerly. The rough sailors 
seemed as if by a magic touch transformed back from 
ravenous beasts to human beings, and I saw several of 
them raise their hands to heaven in silent gratitude. 
Andr^ and his father were the last to drink. 

"But where are we ?" I asked at length. 

"The land is there," said Curtis pointing towards the 

We all stared at the captain as though he were mocking 
us ; no land was in sight, and the raft, just as ever, was the 
centre of a watery waste. Yet our senses had not deceived 
us : the water we had been drinking was perfectly fresh. 

"Yes," repeated the captain, "land is certainly there, 
not more than twenty miles to leeward." 

"What land .^" inquired the boatswain. 

"South America," answered Curtis, "and near the 
Amazon ; no other river has a current strong enough to 
freshen the ocean twenty miles from shore !" 

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Parr 259. 

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January 27th continued. — Curtis, no doubt, was right. 
The discharge from the mouth of the Amazon is enor- 
mously large, but we had probably drifted into the only 
spot in the Atlantic where we could find fresh water so far 
from land. Yet land, undoubtedly, was there, and the 
breeze was carrying us onwards slowly but surely to our 

Miss Herbey's voice was heard pouring out fervent 
praise to Heaven, and we were all glad to unite our thanks- 
givings with hers. Then the whole of us (with the excep- 
tion of Andr^ and his father, who remained by themselves 
together at the stem) clustered in a group, and kept our 
expectant gaze upon the horizon. 

We had not long to wait Before an hour had passed 
Curtis leaped in ecstasy and raised the joyous shout of 
"Land ahoy!" 

S 2 

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My journal has come to a close. 

I have only to relate, as briefly as possible, the dr- 
cumstances that finally brought us to our destina- 

A few hours after we first sighted land the raft was off 
Cape Magoari, on the Island of Marajo, and was observed 
by some fishermen, who, with kind-hearted alacrity, picked 
us up, and tended us most carefully. They conveyed us 
^o Para, where we became the objects of unbounded 

The raft was brought to land in lat o** 12' N., so that 
'Since we abandoned the " Chancellor " we had drifted at 
least fifteen degrees to the south-west Except for the 
influence of the Gulf Stream we must have been carried far, 
far to the south, and in that case we should never have 
reached the mouth of the Amazon, and must inevitably 
have been lost. 

Of the thirty-two souls— nine passengers, and twenty- 
three seamen — who left Charleston on board the ship, only 
five passengers and six seamen remain. Eleven of us 
alone survive. 

An official account of our rescue was drawn up by the 
Brazilian authorities. Those who signed were Miss 
Herbey, J. R. Kazallon, M. Letourneur, Andr6 Letoumeur, 

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:Mr. Falsten, the .boatswain, Dowlas, " Burke, Flaypole, 
Sandon, arid last, though not least, 

" Robert Curtis, captain." 

At Para we soon found facilities for continuing our 
homeward route. A vessel took us to Cayenne, where we 
secured a passage on board one of the steamers of the 
French Transatlantic Aspinwall line, the "Ville de St 
Nazaire," which conveyed us to Europe. 

After all the dangers and privations which we have 
undergone together, it is scarcely necessary to say that 
there has arisen between the surviving passengers of the 
"Chancellor" a bond of friendship too indissoluble, I 
believe, for either time or circumstance to destroy ; Curtis 
must ever remain the honoured and valued friend of those 
whose welfare he consulted so faithfully in their mis- 
fortunes ; his conduct was beyond all praise. 

When we were fairly on our homeward way. Miss 
Herbey by chance intimated to us her intention of retiring 
from the world and devoting the remainder of her life to 
the care of the sick and suffering. 

"Then why not come and look after my son?" said M. 
Letoumeur, adding, " he is an invalid, and he requires, as 
he deserves, the best of nursing." 

Miss Herbey, after some deliberation, consented to 
become a member of their family, and finds in M. Letour- 

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Heur a fathei', and in Andr6 a brother. A brother, I say ; 
but may we not hope that she may be united by a dearer 
and a closer ti^ and that the noble-hearted girl may 
experience the happiness that so richly she deserves ? 


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The sun had just sunk behind the snowy peaks of the 
Cordilleras, and, although the beautiful Peruvian sky was 
being covered by the veil of night, the atmosphere was 
clear and refreshing in its balmy coolness- It was just the 
.hour when a European might enjoy the climate, and with 
open verandah luxuriate in the grateful breeze. . 

The stars were beginning to ascend from the horizon, 
and the promenaders betook themselves to the streets of 
Lima, where, protected merely by their light capes, they 

* " Martin Paz" is one of M. Verne's earliest works. Previous to 
the publication of " Cinq Semaines en Ballon " the author had made his 
dibut in a volume (published under the general title of ** Doctenr Ox**) 
containing " Mailre Zac/tarias" ^ Un Hivernage dans les Glaces^ " Un 
Drame dans les Airs,** and " Martin Paz.'* Jules Verne had not then 
adopted the style which has since rendered his name famous ; but it 
is interesting to note. how these first essays already indicated the germs 
of that genius which has made his works a spicialiU in our literature. 
For this reason they merit being preserved. — ^J. Hetzel. 

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discussed the most trivial topics with the most profound 
gravity. The general direction of the throng was towards 
the grand square, the Plaza Mayor, the forum of the ancient 
" City of the Kings." 

The same cool atmosphere which tempted the population 
to an evening stroll had the effect of bringing out the 
various hawkers, who threaded their way amidst the crowd, 
shouting aloud the praises of their different wares. The 
women, wearing mantles which effectually concealed their 
faces, glided, as it were, between the groups of smokers. 
A, few ladies there were in evening dress, with their coiffure 
composed of their own luxuriant hair, gracefully adorned 
with natural flowers ; but these were lounging back in their 
wide barouches. TJie Indians were seen making their 
suUeil way without once lifting their eyes, and indicating 
neither by gesture nor by word the rancourous envy that 
was gnawing at their spirit, a contrast altogether with the 
half-breeds, who, repudiated as themselves, protested morq 
openly against their dvil wrongs. 

As for the Spaniards, those haughty descendants of 
Pizarro, they held their heads aloft as though they were 
still entitled to the homage of the days of old, when their 
ancestors had founded the city of the kings. They enter- 
tained supreme contempt alike for the Indians whom they 
had conquered, and for the half-breeds who had sprung 
from their own connexion with the people of the New 

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•World. Like every other subjugated race, the Indians 
chafed at their condition, and regarded with common 
antipathy not only the conquerors who had overturned the 
ancient empire of the Incas, but also the half-breeds, that 
upstart race, which was as arrogant as it was vulgar. 

With regard to these half-breeds, it may be asserted that 
they were Spaniards as far as their scorn of the Indians 
could make them so, while they were thorough Indians in 
the detestation in which they held the Spaniards. The two 
sentiments were about equally developed, and united their 
influence in embittering their life. 

It was a party of these young half-breeds that was now 
seen clustering near the fine fountain that adorns the centre 
of the Plaza Mayor. Each of them was wearing a " poncho," 
which consisted simply of an oblong piece of cotton, with 
an aperture in the middle to admit the head of the wearer, 
and nearly all of them were arrayed in loose trousers, gay 
with stripes of a thousand colours ; on their heads they had 
broad-brimmed hats made of straw from Guayaquil. Their 
conversation was loud, and they gesticulated violently as 
they talked. 

'• You are right, Andr6," said a little man named Milla- 
flores, speaking in a most obsequious tone. 

This Millaflores was a hanger-on, a sort of parasite of 
Andr^ Certa, a young half-breed, and the son of a wealthy 
merchant who had been killed in one of the late insurrec- 

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tions made by the conspirator Lafuenta. Inheriting an 
ample fortune, Andr6 had sought by a lavish prodigality 
to surround himself with a bevy of friends from whom he 
exacted nothing more than the most servile deference in 
exchange for the outlay of his gold. 

"And what good, I should like to know," said Andr^, 
-raising his voice higher and higher as he spoke, " what good 
ever comes of these changes of government, and these ever- 
lasting profiuficiamentos that are constantly agitating Peru. 
As long as there is no equality established, it matters little 
whether it be Gambarra pr Santa Cruz that rules us." 

" Well said 1 well said, indeed ! " shrieked out the little 
Millaflores, who, in spite of the passing of a law for universal 
'equality, could never have been an equal for any man of 

" Here am I," continued Andr6 Certa, " the son of a 
•merchant, and how is it that I am not allowed a carriage 
drawn by anything better than mules ! Whose ships were 
they but mine that brought prosperity and affluence into 
the land ? And isn't an aristocracy of wealth far more 
than a match for all the empty titles of the grandees of 

"Disgraceful !." chimed in the voice of one of the young 
"half-breeds ; "utterly disgraceful ! Just look there ! there 
goes Don Fernando 1 see him how he drives along in his 
chariot drawn by horses ! Don Fernando d'Aguillo ! he 

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can scarcely afford to buy a dinner for his coachman/ and 
yet look at the air with which he lords it about the Plaza! 
Look, look ! there's another of them ! the Marquis Don. 

A splendid carriage at that moment turned into the 
Plaza, and proved in truth to belong to the Marquis Don 
Vegal, Chevalier of Alcantara, of Malta, and of Charles IIL 
The nobleman, however, had come out only to relieve the 
tedium of the evening, and with no thought of ostentation 
or display. As he sat with his head bent down with 
anxious care, he paid no regard to the envious sneers with 
which the groups of half-breeds greeted him while his 
carriage and four dashed through the crowd. 

*' I hate that man," growled Andr6 Certa. 

"Ahl you will not need to hate him long," replied one 
of the young men. 

"Perhaps not," said Andr^. "There is no doubt that 
these lordlings have seen nearly the last of their luxuries, 
and have pretty well exhausted all their jewels and family 

"Yes, indeed ; and no one knows that better than your- 
self, familiar as you are with the affairs of old Samuel the 

" True ; the old Jew's ledger shows plenty of credit and 
lots of debt, and his strong box is full to the hasp with the 
dSris of the fine fortunes of the old aristocrats. But the 

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day isn't far off, and a jolly day it will be, when these- 
Spaniards will all be beggars, like their own Caesar de. 

" Capital, Andr^,*' put in Millaflores ; " and then you will 
mount upon your own millions, and double them besides. 
But when do you mean to marry old Samuel'fe daughter ? 
Sarah is a true child of Lima, a Peruvian to the very tips 
of her fingers ; nothing of the Jewess about her except her 

" Oh, within a month," said Andr^. " In another month 
there will not be a fortune in the land that will be able to 
compete with mine." 

"But why," was the inquiry of one of the admiring 
group, "why don't you marry the daughter of some 
Spaniard who can boast a noble lineage } " 

" Because I despise the race as much as I hate it," replied 
Andrd ; but he did not think it necessary to confess that 
his acquaintanceship had been ignominiously rejected in 
every aristocratic circle to which he had endeavoured to 
get an introduction. 

At this instant Andr^ was unceremoniously jostled by a 
tall man with grisly hair, whose thick-set limbs indicated 
more than an ordinary amount of physical strength. 

The man was an Indian, a native of the mountains ; he 
wore a dark-brown vest, over a shirt of the coarsest serg^ 
that, opening at the neck, revealed the shaggiest of bosoms ; 

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•you vile INDIAN!" 


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his short linen trousers were gaudy with green stripes, and 
his stone-coloured stockings were fastened at the kaee 
with crimson garters, and overlaced with thongs of ox-hide 
to bind on his satidals ; a pair of glittering ear-rings hung 
far below the border of his hat 

After jostling Andr^, the man stood still and stared at 

"You vile Indian!" exclaimed the assaulted half-breed, 
as he raised his hand to strike him. 

His companions held him back, and Millaflores cried, 
".Andr6, Andr6 ! mind what you are about !" 

"What does the wretched slave mean by daring to jostle, 
me?" exclaimed Andr6 furiously. 

"Never mind, he's only an idiot ; it is Sambo!" 

The Indian continued steadily staring at the man whom 
he had intentionally affronted. Andr6, beside himself 
with rage, laid his hand upon the dagger which he carried 
in his belt, and was upon the point of attacking his 
aggressor, when a shrill cry, like the note of the Peruvian 
linnet, re-echoed above the tumult of the crowd, and in a 
moment Sambo had disappeared. 

"Miserable coward !" ejaculated the furious Andr6. 

Millaflores gently begged him to control his passion, and 
said, " Let us leave the Plaza ; the Lima girk here are far 
tco haughty." 

The group of young men began to retire towards the 

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lower end of the promenade. Night had come on, and as 
they glided about with their identity completely disguised 
by their mantles, the women of Lima truly deserved their 
name of the ''tapadas," — the "concealed." 

The Plaza Mayor was still the scene of bustling ani- 
mation. The noise and tumult seemed ever to be increas- 
ing. The horse-guards, sentinelled at the central gateway 
of the Vicero/s palace, had as much as they could do to 
retain their places undisturbed by the thronging of the 
busy crowd Industry of every sort appeared to have 
found a general rendezvous^ and the whole place was well- 
nigh given up to the exhibition of articles for sale. The 
lower story of the palace, and the very basement of the 
cathedral had been converted into shops, and the entire 
locality was thus transformed into a vast bazaar for all the 
varied products of the tropics. 

Louder and louder waxed the noise ; when all at once 
the bell from the cathedral tower tolled out the Angelus, 
and the tumult was completely hushed. The clamour of 
business was replaced by the whisperings of prayer. The 
ladies paused upon the promenade, and began to tell their 

During the interval of the suspended traffic, and while 
the mass of the people was still in the attitude of devotion, 
a young girl, accompanied by an old duenna, was trying to 
make her way through the thickest of the crowd. Angry 

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Pate 973* 

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remonstrances met the ears of both as their movements 
interrupted the prayers of those they passed. The girl 
wanted to stand aad wait, but the undaunted duenna 
dragged her resolutely on. 

The remonstrances continued. First some one would 
say, "What are these daughters of the devil doing?" and 
then another would ask, "Who is this cursed ballet-girl?*' 
and a third would cry out, "Another Carcaman!"' till at 
last, overwhelmed by confusion, the girl refused to advance 
a step. 

At that instant a muleteer was proceeding to take her 
by the shoulders and force her on to her knees ; but he had 
scarcely raised his hand for the purpose, when he was 
seized by a strong arm from behind, and felled to the 
ground. The incident, though it was quick as lightning, 
caused some confusion for a moment. 

"Make your escape, young lady," said a voice, gently 
and respectfully, close to the girl's ear. 

Pale with terror she cast a glance behind her, and saw a 
tall young Indian standing with folded arms and looking 
defiantly at the muleteer before him. 

"Alas, alas!" cried the duenna, "we have got into 
trouble," and hurried the girl away. 

Bruised by his fall the muleteer rose to his feet, but not 

2 Carcaman : an offensive epithet applied in Peru to Europeans in 


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deeming it prudent to demand satisfaction from an op- 
ponent of such resolute bearing as the young Indian, he 
retired towards his mules, muttering angry but useless 
threats as he went. 

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The town of Lima nestles as it were jn the valley of 
the Rimac, at about nine miles from the mouth of the river. 
From its northern and eastern outskirts rise the eminences 
which form the first outlying spurs of the great chain of 
the Andes, the vale of Lungiano, enclosed by the moun- 
tains of San Cristoral and the Amancas, terminating at its 
very suburbs. The town is confined to one side of the 
river, the other bank being built over by the suburb of 
San Lazaro, and connected with the main town by a hand- 
some bridge of five arches. The piers of the bridge 
above stream are triangular, and their vertices divide 
the current, while those on the lower side are surmounted 
by a promenade, which abounds in seats, upon which the 
evening loungers may rest and enjoy the prospect of a fine 

From east to west Lima is about two miles long, but 
not more than a mile and a quarter wide from the bridge 

T 2 

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to the walls. These walls, which are about twelve feet 
high, and ten feet thick at their base, are constructed of a 
peculiar kind of bricks, known as " adobes," dried in the 
sun, and composed of clay and a large proportion of 
chopped straw, and reputed to be well adapted for resist- 
ing the shocks of the ever-recurring earthquakes. The 
ramparts have seven gates and three posterns, and at 
their south-east angle are surmounted by the citadel of 
S. Catherino. 

Such is the ancient "City of the Kings," founded in 1534 
by Pizarro on the feast of the Epiphany. It has never 
ceased to be the scene of revolution. Formerly it was the 
chief emporium of America in the whole Pacific, to which 
it was opened by the port of Callao. This port was con- 
structed in 1779 by the following singular device. The 
hulk of an old worn-out ship of the largest dimensions was 
first filled with stones and sand and every kind of rubbish, 
and then grounded on the shore. A number of mangrove 
piles brought oyer from Guayaquil, and which do not decay 
in water, were driven into the foundation that had been 
thus artificially made, and formed a basement on which 
was erected a strong and substantial mole. 

The climate, being more pleasant than that of either 
Cartagena or Bahia on the opposite coast of America, 
makes Lima one of the most agreeable places of residence in 
the New World. The wind never deviates from one of two 

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directions ; either it blows from the south-west, and brings 
with it the refreshing influence which it has gained in 
traversing the Pacific, or it comes fronl the south-east, 
invigorating and cheering with the coolness which it has 
gathered from the snowy summits of the Cordilleras. 

The nights, too, at Lima are delightful as elsewhere in 
the tropics ; the dew which rises is a bountiful source of 
nutriment to a soil that is ever exposed to the rays of a 
cloudless sun. When evening sets in, the inhabitants take 
advantage of the welcome shade to prolong their hospitable 
entertainments, and it is not long before the streets are 
deserted, and the public restaurants have seen their latest 

On the evening in question, the girl, still attended by 
her duenna, arrived from the great square at the bridge of 
the Rimac without further misadventure. Her excitement 
was still intense, and made her start at every sound which 
brought to her " imagination either the ringing of the 
muleteer's bells, or the whistle of an Indian. 

The girl was Sarah, the daughter of Samuel the Jew, and 
she was now about to enter the house of her father. She 
was dressed in a dark-coloured skirt plaited round the 
bottom in such close folds as to oblige her to take the very 
shortest steps, giving her that graceful movement which is 
so generally characteristic of the young women of Lima. 
The skirt was trimmed with lace and flowers, and was 

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partially concealed by a silk mantle, the hood of which 
enveloped her head ; stockings of fine texture, and pretty 
little satin slippers were visible below her becoming dress ; 
bracelets of considerable value encircled her wrists, and her 
whole appearance afforded a charming illustration of what 
the Spaniards express so pointedly by their term " donayre." 

Millaflores had only declared the truth when he had said 
that Sarah had nothing Jewish about her but her name ; 
she was undeniably a type of the senoras whose beauty 
has commanded such universal homage. 

The old duenna was a Jewess, with avarice and cupidity 
stamped indelibly upon her features ; she was a devoted 
servant to Samuel, who knew what she was worth, and 
remunerated her accordingly. 

Just at the moment that they entered the suburb of San 
Lazaro, a man, dressed as a monk, with his cowl over his 
head, passed them with a keen and scrutinizing look of 
inquiry. He was very tall, and had one of those command- 
ing figures which seem at once to indicate repose and 
benevolence. It was Father Joachim di Camarones. As 
he passed the girl he gave her a kindly smile of recognition ; 
she glanced hastily at her companion, and merely acknow- 
ledged his greeting by a gentle movement of her hand. 

" Has it come to this .?" said the old woman, in a tone of 
annoyance, "isn't it enough to be insulted by these 
Christian dogs, and here you must be bowing and smiling 

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to one of their priests ! I suppose some day we shall see 
you take up a rosary, and go off to their fine services in 

It may be noticed that the ritual of the church in Lima 
was performed with the most elaborate care. 

The girl coloured as she replied, " You are indulging in 
some strange conjectures." 

"Strange I not more strange, I think, than your 
behaviour. What would my master say if he knew all 
that has passed this evening ?" 

** It*s no fault of mine, I should suppose," rejoined the 
girl, "if a brutal muleteer chooses to insult me in the 

" I know very well what I mean," grumbled the old 
woman; " I wasn't alluding to any muleteer." 

"Then," inquired Sarah, "do you blame that young 
Indian for taking my part against the crowd ?" 

" Ah ! ah ! but it isn't the first time the young fellow has 
crossed your path." 

Fortunately for her, the maiden's face was covered by 
her mantilla, otherwise the evening shades would not have 
been deep enough to conceal the girl's flush of excitement 
from the inquisitive eye of the old domestic. 

"But never mind the Indian now," continued the old 
crone; "I will keep my eye on that business. What 
troubles me most now is that rather than interrupt those 

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Christians at their prayers, you should actually stand still 
and wait while they knelt, and I really believe you were 
going to kneel too. Ah ! senora, if your father were to 
know that I could allow you to insult your faith like that, 
he would not be long in sending me adrift." 

The girl, however, heard nothing of the reproof. The 
very mention of the Indian had turned her thoughts into a 
sweeter channel. She recalled what was to her a 
providential interference on her behalf, and could not 
divest herself of a belief that her deliverer was still not far 
behind, following in the shade. There was a certain fear- 
lessness in her character that became her marvellously. 
Proud she was with the pride of a Spaniard, and if she felt 
her interest awakened by the young Indian, it was chiefly 
because he, too, was proud, and had not sought a glance of 
her eye as an acknowledgment for his protection. 

In truth, she was not far wrong in her surmise that the 
Indian was not out of sight. After his interference in her 
defence, he had resolved to make her retreat entirely 
secure ; and accordingly, when the observers were dis- 
persed, he proceeded to follow her without being perceived. 

A well-built man was Martin Paz, his figure being nobly 
set off by the costume that he wore as an Indian of the 
mountains. Below the wide brim of his straw hat clustered 
massive locks of thick black hair which harmonized per- 
fectly with his dark complexion. His eyes were at once 

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brilliant and soft, and a well-formed nose rose above lips 
so small as to be quite rare in any of his race. He was of 
the lineage of the courageous Manco-Capac, and in his 
veins coursed the ardent blood that was capable of great 

Martin Paz was attired in a poncho of many hues ; from 
his girdle was suspended one of those Malay daggers which 
are ever formidable in a practised hand, and seem to be 
welded to the arm that wields them. Had he been in 
North America, by the wild borders of Lake Ontario, he 
would, to a certainty, have been a chief of those wandering 
tribes who fought so heroically against their English foes. 

Martin was quite aware not only that Sarah was the 
daughter of the wealthy Jew, but also, that she was 
betrothed to the rich half-breed, Andr6 Certa ; he knew 
that her birth, her social position, and her fortune, alike 
prohibited her from ever having any relations with himself ; 
but overlooking all impossibilities, he gave free licence to 
his infatuation. 

Plunged in his own reflections, he was hastening on his 
way, when he was suddenly accosted by two other Indians. 

" Martin Paz," said one of them, ** don't you intend to go 
to-night and meet our brothers in the mountains.?" 

" I shall be there,'* was Martin's curt reply. 

"The schooner ' Annunciation,' " went on the other, "has 
been seen off" the heights of Callao, and after tacking for a 

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little while has disappeared behind the point. No doubt 
she will land at the mouth of the Rimac, and our boats 
should be there to disembark her cargo. Come, you 

Martin Paz said he knew what he ought to do, and would 

" We speak to you here in Sambo's name." 

" Yes," said Martin, " and I answer you in my own." 

" How shall we account for your being here in San 
Lazaro at this extraordinary hour of the night ?" 

" I go where I please," was the only answer. 

" In front of the Jew s house, too !" 

" Such of my brethren as are offended at it may meet 
me, and tell me of it this very night upon the hills." 

The eyes of the three men flashed, but no more was said. 
The two retreated towards the bank of the Rimac, and the 
sound of their footsteps was soon lost in the distance. 

Martin Paz had come quite alone to the residence of the 
Jew. Like all the houses in Lima it was only two storys 
high. The basement was built of bricks, and upon this 
was raised another story composed of plaited canes, 
plastered over and painted to match the walls below. This 
is a contrivance which is best adapted to resist the con- 
vulsions of the frequent earthquakes. The roof was flat, 
and being covered with flowers, made a fragrant and an 
agreeable resort. 

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A broad gateway between two lodges gave access to a 
courtyard within, but according to the custom of the place, 
those lodges had no windows opening into the road. 

The church clock had struck eleven, and there was the 
deepest silence all around. 

And why is it that the Indian lingers here before the 
walls ? Only because a dim shadow has been seen moving 
amidst those flowers, of which night only hides the form, 
without depriving them of their delightful odours. 

With an involuntary impulse Martin lifts his hands in 
ardent admiration. The dim figure starts and shrinks 
away as if in terror. Martin Paz withdraws his gaze from 
the roof to find himself face to face with Andrd Certa. 

"And for how long have the Indians been accustomed 
to pass their nights in this fashion ?'' asked And rd, hot with 

"Ever since Indians have trodden the soil of their 
ancestors," sternly answered Martin Paz, without moving 
an inch. Andrd advanced towards him. 

" Wretch !" he exclaimed, " will you not leave the place .^" 

"No!" cried Martin Paz, and in an instant daggers 
flashed in the right hands of both. They were of equal 
Jieight, and seemed of equal strength. Quickly had Andr6 
raised his arm, but still more quickly had it dropped ; his 
poignard Had met that of his antagonist, and he fell to the 
ground .wounded in the shoulder. 

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" Help, help !" he shouted. 

The gate of the Jew's house was quickly opened. Some 
half-breeds ran out hastily from an adjacent building ; a 
part of them set out in pursuit of the Indian, who had at 
once made off, while the others attended to the wounded 

" Who is he ?" asked a bystander. " If he is a sailor, he 
had better be carried off to the Hospital of St. Esprit ; if 
he is an Indian, let him be taken to St. Anne's." 

But at this point an old man approached, and having 
given a glance at the wounded Andr6, said, — 

"Take him into my house !" and then muttered to him- 
self, "What strange piece of business is this ? " 

It was Samuel the Jew, who had thus recognized in the 
wounded man the intended husband of his daughter. 

Meanwhile Martin Paz, favoured by the darkness of the 
night and by his own fleetness, succeeded in escaping the 
hot pursuit of those who followed him. He was flying for 
his life. Could he only reach the open country, he would 
be safe ; but the gates of the town, which were closed every 
night at eleven, would not be opened until four. 

He reached the bridge, which he had crossed not long 
before. The half-breeds, with some soldiers who had 
joined them, pressed him closely from behind ; an armed 
guard made its appearance right in front. Martin, unable 
either to advance or to retreat, bounded over the parapet, 

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and leaped into the rapid stream that was dashing along 
its rocky bed. The soldiers rushed to the bank below the 
bridge to catch the fugitive as he reached the shore ; but 
their effort was in vain. Martin Paz was nowhere to be 

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Once safely lodged in the house of Samuel, and placed 
upon a couch that was quickly prepared for him, Andr^ 
Certa soon recovered his consciousness, and grasped the 
hand of the Jew. The surgeon who had been summoned 
was soon in attendance, and pronounced the wound to be 
unimportant, the shoulder having received the blow in 
such a way that the poignard had merely made a flesh 
wound ; and there was no doubt that in a few days Andrd 
would be convalescent. 

When Andrfe found himself alone with Samuel he said 
to him, — 

" I think you ought to block up the doorway that leads 
up to the terrace on the roof." 

" Why ?" rejoined the Jew. " What is there to be afraid 

"I don't think," continued Andr^ "that it is right for 
Sarah to expose herself to the gaze of those Indians. It 

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was from no burglar, it was simply from a rival that I 
received the cut that might have caused me serious injury : 
it was only by a miracle that I escaped." 

"Ah ! by the holy Bible!" shrieked the Jew, "you must 
be mistaken. My daughter will make you an accomplished 
wife, and I have always taken care that she shall do 
nothing that will damage your reputation." 

Andre Certa lifted himself on to his elbow, and said 
significantly, " Are you not rather forgetting that I am to 
pay for Sarah's hand the price of no less than a hundred 
thousand piastres ?** . 

" By no means," said the Jew with a greedy grin, "and I 
am quite ready to give you a receipt when I get the hard 
cash." And as he spoke he took from his portfolio a 
paper, of which Andr^ took no notice. 

" There will be no bargain between us, Master Samuel, 
until Sarah becomes my wife ; and that she won't be, if 
there is to be any difficulty about a rival. You know my 
object ; I want to be a match for those haughty aristocrats, 
who now treat me with such vile contempt." 

" And that is in your reach, Andrd Once married you 
will find the haughtiest Spaniards coming to your receptions." 

"Where has your daughter been this evening?" asked 

" She has been to the synagogue with old Ammon, her 

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"Why do you make your daughter attend those ser- 
vices ?" said Andre. " What good can they be to her ?" 

** I am a Jew," replied the father, "and Sarah would not 
be my daughter if she did not fulfil the offices of our 
religion." ; 

A villainous rascal was Samuel the Jew. Trading in 
commodities of any kind, however questionable, he was 
worthy to be a direct descendant of the Iscariot who 
betrayed his Master for thirty silver shekels. He had 
settled in Lima some ten years previously. Equally to 
please his taste and to serve his interests he had chosen a 
residence on the outskirts of the suburb of San Lazaro, 
where he applied himself to the most unscrupulous prac- 
tices. Gradually his home assumed more and more of 
luxury, till at length he had a mansion sumptuous in its 
furniture, a numerous retinue of servants, and such splendid 
equipages as only belonged to men of unbounded affluence. 
When Samuel first took up his abode in Lima his 
daughter was eight years of age. Already graceful and 
captivating in her manner, she was the very idol of the 
Jew. Her beauty increased with her age, and attracted 
universal admiration, and before long it was generally 
understood that Andr6 Certa, the rich half-breed, was 
desperately smitten with her; what would have appeared, 
inexplicable was that the sum of a hundred thousand 
piastres should be the price of Sarah's hand : but that part 

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of the contract was a secret. Besides, it was a part of old 
Samuers nature to make a profit out of sentimental 
emotions just as though they were marketable products. 
Banker, usurer, broker, and shipowner, he had a faculty for 
doing business with every one who came in his way. The 
schooner " Annunciation," which that very night was seek- 
ing to land at the mouth of the Rimac, was his pro- 

Eagerly devoted as he was to the transactions of busi- 
ness, this man, with the persistent bigotry of some of his 
race, found time to fulfil the religious offices of his creed 
with the most punctilious regularity, and his daughter had 
been strictly trained in the same faith ; consequently, after 
Andre, in the course of their conversation, had let it be 
seen how much the fact displeased him, the old man sat for 
a time pensive and silent. Andri at lengfth broke the 

" You must be aware," he said, " that the motive under 
which I contemplate marrying your daughter will compel 
her to become a Catholic.'' 

" True," answered Samuel in a mournful tone, " but, by 
the holy Bible, as sure as Sarah is my daughter, Sarah will 
be a Jewess still!" 

At this moment the door was opened, and the steward of 
the household entered. 

" Has the assassin been arrested ?" asked the Jew. 


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"Everything induces us td believe him dead," replied 
the steward. 

"Dead I" exclaimed Andr^, with a gesture of delight. 

" So 'tis thought ; he found himself upon the bridge with 
us pursuing him from behind, and a guard of soldiers just 
in front, and in order to escape, he jumped over the parapet 
and flung himself into the stream." 

" But what makes you think that he did not reach one of 
the banks ?" asked Samuel. 

" Because the melting of the snow has swollen the stream 
into a torrent," replied the steward. "Besides, we hurried 
to each side of the river, but the man was never seen. 
The sentinels have been left to watch the banks all 

" Well," said the old man, " if he is drowned, he has only 
executed just sentence upon himself. But did you 
recognize who he was ?" 

" Yes, it was Martin Paz, the Indian of the mountains." 

" You mean the man who has now been so long watching 
my daughter?" 

" Of that I know nothing," was the servant's indifferent 

The Jew then desired that Ammon, the old duenna, 
should be sent to him, and the steward retired to convey 
the order. 

"Strange!" exclaimed the old man. "These Indians 

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have so many secret conspiracies ; it ought to be known 
how long this fellow has been carrying on his game." 

By this time the duenna had entered the room, and stood 
waiting her master's pleasure. 

" Does my daughter know anything of what has occurred 
to-night .?" he inquired. 

"I only know/^ was Ammon's reply, "that when I 
was roused by the clamour in the house, I hurried to 
the sefiora's room, and found her motionless with 

" Go on," he said impatiently, " tell me all." 

'• I pressed her to tell me the cause of her alarm ; but 
she could not be induced to speak, and insisted upon going 
to bed ; she would not allow rhe to attend her, and I was 
obliged to leave her to herself." 

"This Indian, do you often meet him ?" 

"I can hardly say often/' she replied, "but I must 
acknowledge that I know him very well by sight about the 
streets of San Lazaro, and this very evening he came to 
the senora's assistance in the Plaza Mayor." 

" To her assistance ! what do you mean ?" 

After the duenna had detailed the incident, the old Jew 
muttered wrathfully, " Is it true, then, that Sarah wanted to 
kneel down amongst those hateful Chribtians ?" And then 
raising his voice, he threatened that Ammon should quit 
his service. 

U 2 

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" Oh ! forgive me, master, forgive me," was her depre- 
cating cry. 

" Out of my sight I " shouted Samuel harshly, and the 
duenna retreated in abashed confusion. 

" There is no time to lose, you see," said Andr^ Certa, 
" it is high time that this marriage of ours should come off. 
But I want some rest now, and shall be glad to be left 

The old man slowly retired ; but before going to his own 
bed he wished to satisfy himself about the condition of his 
daughter, and accordingly he entered her apartment as 
gently as he could. 

Sarah was sleeping very restlessly on a bed that was 
hung round with the richest of silk draperies. An elaborate 
lamp hung from the decorated boss upon the ceiling, and 
threw a soft light upon her face, whilst the window was 
opened just enough to admit the delicious perfume of the 
aloes and magnolias that were planted outside. With 
lavish luxury and consummate taste, articles of precious 
value were arranged about the chamber, and it might have 
been imagined that the mind of the sleeper was revelling 
amidst their beauties. 

Her father came close to her side and bent down to 
watch her slumber. She was evidently agitated by some 
painful dream, and once the name of Martin Paz escaped 
her lips. 

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"out of my sight!*' shouted SAMUEL. 


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The old man went to his room. 

At the break of day Sarah arose in eager haste. She 
summoned Liberta, a black Indian attached to her service, 
and made him quickly saddle a horse for himself and a 
mule for her. 

It was no long task for her to array herself in such a 
toilette as suited her design. She put on a dark brown 
skirt, over which she threw a cashmere mantle adorned 
with large tassels. A broad-brimmed hat, and her loosely- 
flowing tresses of black hair sheltered her face from 
observation, and the better to conceal the thoughts by 
which she was preoccupied, she placed a small perfumed 
cigarette between her lips. 

She was no sooner mounted than she started off with 
her attendant across the country in the direction of Callao. 
The harbour was all alive with excitement, the coastguards 
having had to keep watch all night long upon the schooner, 
whose uncertain tackings indicated a fraudulent design. 
At one moment it would seem as though the vessel was 
waiting near the river's mouth for some suspicious-looking 
boats ; but before they came alongside she was off again 
to avoid the long-boats belonging to the harbour. Many 
were the surmises about her destination. Some said that 
she had brought a body of Columbian troops, and intended 
to take possession of Callao, and to avenge the insult 
offered to the Bolivian soldiers who had been ignominiously 

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expelled from Peru. Others maintained that she was 
merely a schooner driving a contraband trade in European 

To Sarah these speculations were all indifferent. She 
had only come to the port as a pretext, and now returned 
to Lima, which she reached at the point nearest to the 
river. Following the banks of the stream she went 
as far as the bridge, whence she noticed groups of 
soldiers and half-breeds gathered in various places along 

Liberta had made the girl acquainted with the events of 
the night In obedience to her orders he now inquired 
further particulars from some of the soldiers, and learnt 
that although Martin Paz was drowned, his body had not 
yet been recovered. 

Ready to faint, Sarah had to gather up all her strength 
of mind to avoid giving way to her bitter grief. Amongst 
the people who were wandering up and down the bank she 
caught sight of a wild-looking Indian, whom she imme- 
diately recognized as Sambo. Passing close beside him, 
she heard him mournfully exclaim, " Alas ! alas ! they have 
killed the son of Sambo ! My son is dead !" 

The girl presently recovered her self-possession, and 
making a sign to Liberta to follow her, and not troubling 
herself as to whether she was observed or not, she directed 
her way to the church of St Anne, and having left her 

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mule in Liberta's care, she entered the Catholic house of 
prayer, and after she had asked for Faflier Joachim, she 
knelt upon the flagstones and prayed for the soul of Martin 

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Excepting Martin Taz there was scarcely another man 
in all the world to whom the torrent of the Rimac would 
not have proved a sure destruction. But his strength of 
body was amazing, and his strength of will resistless ; and 
he was, moreover, greatly aided by that imperturbable 
sang-froid which is characteristic of the free Indians of the 
New World. 

Knowing intuitively that the soldiers would reckon on 
capturing him below the bridge, where the stream was too 
powerful to be combated, he put forth all his energy, and 
succeeded in stemming the torrent the other way. Hq 
found the resistance less in the side-currents, and contrived 
to reach the bank, where he ccpicealed himself behind a 
cluster of mangroves. 

But what would happen next } Soon the soldiers would 
change their tactics and explore the river upwards ; and 
then what would be his chance of escape ? His deter- 

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mination was soon taken ; he would re-enter the town and 
find a refuge there. 

To elude the observation of any of the residents who 
might be out late, it would perhaps have been best to take 
the wider streets. But he could not resist the impression 
that he was watched, and he dared not hesitate. All at 
once he caught sight of a house still brilliantly lighted-up ; 
the gateway was open to allow the carriages to pass out, 
and the very dite of the Spanish aristocracy were thence 
returning to their own homes. 

Without being seen he entered the house, and the 
gates were almost immediately closed behind him. He 
hurried on, ascending a cedar staircase adorned with 
costliest tapestry, and after passing through apart- 
ments still brilliantly illuminated, but absolutely empty, 
he found a place of concealment in a dark chamber 

Before long the lamps were all extinguished, and silence 
reigned throughout the house. Martin ventured from his 
hiding-place to reconnoitre the situation. He found that 
the window of the room opened on to a garden below ; 
escape seemed to him to be quite practicable, and he was 
on the point of leaping down when he was startled by a 
voice behind him : — 

" Stop, seiior, you have forgotten to take the diamonds 
that I left on that table." 

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He looked back. There stood a haughty-looking man 
pointing to a jewel-case that lay before him. 

Thus assailed, Martin approached the Spaniard, who was 
still standing without moving a muscle, and drawing a 
dagger, which he pointed towards his own heart, he said, 
with a voice trembling with agitation, — 

"Repeat your words, and you find me dead at your 

Dumb with amazement, the Spaniard gazed steadily at 
the Indian, and felt an involuntary sympathy rising up 
within him. He went to the window and shut it gently ; 
then, turning to the Indian, who had let his dagger fall to 
the ground, he asked him who he was, and whence he had 

" I am Martin Paz. I was escaping the pursuit of the 
soldiers. I had wounded a half-breed with my dagger. I 
was defending myself. The man I struck is betrothed to 
the girl I love. It rests with you to save me, or to sur- 
render me, as you think best." 

The Spaniard stood in silent thought. After a while he 
said, — 

" To-morrow I am going to the baths of Chorillos. If it 
will answer your purpose, go with me. For a time, at least, 
you will be safe, and you will not have to complain of any 
lack of hospitality from the Marquis Don Vegal.*' 

Martin Paz bent his head in tacit assent. 

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" But now/' continued Don Vegal, "you had better take 
a few hours' rest. No one in the world will suspect your 

The Spaniard retired to his own apartment. Martin 
was deeply touched by the generosity with which he had 
met, and, relying on the good faith of the marquis, resigned 
himself to a peaceful slumber. 

Next morning, at daybreak, the marquis gave his orders 
for starting, but previously arranged to have an interview 
with Samuel the Jew. First of all, however, he went to 
the earlj" morning mass. 

The Peruvian aristocracy were always constant in their 
attendance at this service. From its earliest foundation 
Lima had always been pre-eminently Catholic. Besides 
its numerous churches, it counted at that time no less than 
twenty-two convents, seventeen monasteries, and four 
pensions for ladies who had not actually taken the veil. 
To each of these separate establishments was attached its 
own chapel, so that altogether there could not be less than 
a hundred places of worship, in which about eight hundred 
secular and regular priests, and three hundred nuns, besides 
lay brotherhoods and sisterhoods, devoted themselves to 
the offices of religion. 

As he entered St. Anne's the eye of the marquis was 
attracted by the kneeling figure of a girl, who was weeping 
as she prayed. So great was her agitation, that he could 

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not repress his sympathy, and was about to address her in 
some words of kind encouragement, when Father Joachim 
came up to him and whispered, — 

" Do not disturb her, marquis, I pray you !" 

And then he beckoned to the girl, who followed him 
into a dim and empty chapel. 

Don Vegal made his way to the altar and attended 
mass, but could not dismiss from his memory the 
image of the girl who had so strangely arrested his 

Upon his return home he found Samuel the Jew await- 
ing his commands. He seemed to have entirely forgotten 
the incidents of the past night ; the prospect of gain had 
made him quite oblivious of all besides, and gave a keen 
vivacity to the expression of his face. 

" I await your lordship's commands," he said. 

" I must have thirty thousand piastres within an hour.*' 

"Thirty thousand!" cried the Jew. "How is it pos- 
sible ? By our holy David, I should have more difficulty 
in finding them than you seem to think." 

Without taking any notice of what the usurer was 
saying, the marquis explained that, besides his valuable 
cases of jewels, he had a piece of land near Cusco that he 
would sell at a price far below its real value. 

" Land !" exclaimed Samuel. " Why it 's land that ruins 
us! We can't get any labour to till the land since the 

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Indians have withdrawn to the mountains. Land! why, 
its produce does not pay its expenses ! " 

"But, tell me," said the marquis, "at how much do you 
value the diamonds alone ?" 

The old man drew from his pocket a small pair of 
jeweller*s scales, and proceeded to weigh the gems with an 
air of minute precision, at the same time, according to his 
habit, keeping up a running current of depreciation. 

" Diamonds ! yes, they are diamonds ; but see how badly 
set !* One might as well bury his money in the ground. 
Look here! what a stone! no purity about it. I can assure 
your lordship that I shall find it very difficult to get a 
customer at all for this costly purchase. Perhaps if I send 
them to the States, the Northerners will buy them in order 
to get rid of them to some English purchaser. No doubt 
they will make a good profit out of them, but then the loss 
would all fall upon me. Upon my word, your lordship, 
you must be satisfied with ten thousand piastres. It seems 
a little, but— 

" I have already told you that ten thousand piastres are 
of no use to me," said the marquis, with an air of profound 

" Not one half-real more. I could not afibrd it," rejoined 
the inflexible Jew. 

** Then take the caskets ; only let me have the sum I ask, 
and give it me at once. Thirty thousand I must have, and 

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you shall have a bond upon this house of mine. Sub- 
stantial, is it not ?" 

" Ah, your lordship, but there are so many earthquakes 
here. One never knows who may be alive and who may 
be dead from one moment to another, nor yet which houses 
may stand, or which may fall." 

And all the time the Jew was talking he kept stamping 
with his foot upon the inlaid floor, as if to test its real 
stability. He paused for an instant, and then resumed, — 

" However, to oblige your lordship, it shall be as you 
wish ; although just now I am indisposed to part with 
ready cash, as I am marrying my daughter to the young 
squire, Andrd Certa. Do you know him ?" 

*' Not at all. But lose no time : our bargain is made. 
Take the caskets, and give me the gold." 

" Would your lordship wish for a receipt ?" asked Samuel 

The marquis condescended to give no reply, and left the 

'•Arrogant Spaniard!" muttered the Jew, and gnashed 
his teeth in wrath. "Would that I could crush your pride 
as I can ruin your estate 1 By Solomon ! 'tis clever 
practice to make one's interests and one's wishes agree 
so well." 

After leaving the Jew, the marquis had gone to Martin 
Paz. He found him in a state of the gloomiest dejection. 

" Well ! how now ?" he said kindly. 

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" Ah, seflor ! the daughter of that Jew is the girl I love." 

''A Jewess!" exclaimed the marquis, in a tone of 
abhorrence which he could ill disguise ; but compassionating 
the sorrow of the Indian, he only said, — 

" Now then, it is time to start ; we will talk about these 
things as we go along." 

Within an hour Martin Paz, after changing his clothes, 
left the town in company with the Marquis Don Vegal, who 
took no other attendants. 

The sea-baths of Chorillos are two leagues distant from 
Lima. • It is a parish inhabited by Indians, and has a pretty 
church. During the warm season it is a favourite resort of 
all the ilite of Lima, for the public gaming-tables, which 
are forbidden in the city, are here kept open throughout 
the summer. The ladies especially show a remarkable 
enthusiasm for this amusement, and during the season 
many a wealthy knight has seen his large fortune pass 
away into the hands of his fair opponents. 

Just at that time Chorillos was almost deserted, and Don 
Vegal and Martin Paz, in their retired cottage on the sea- 
shore, were free to contemplate in peaceful solitude the 
wide expanse of the Pacific. 

The Marquis Don Vegal, a scion of one of the most 
ancient Spanish families in Peru, was the only surviving 
representative of that noble lineage of which he was so 
justly proud. Traces of the deepest melancholy were ever 

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visible on his countenance, and although, during a con- 
siderable portion of his life, he had been engaged in political 
affairs, the perpetual revolutions, instigated as they had 
been by motives of mere personal aggrandizement, so dis- 
gusted him with the outer world, that he withdrew from it 
altogether, and passed his time in a seclusion from which 
only matters of the strictest etiquette could ever induce him 
to emerge. 

Little by little his fortune, once so immense, was 
dwindling away ; he could with difficulty obtain credit for 
advances of capital, so that not only had his estates /alien 
into a condition of great neglect, but he had been obliged 
to mortgage them very heavily. The prospect of ultimate 
ruin stared him in the face, but in spite of the hopeless 
aspect of his affairs he never flinched for a moment. The 
heedlessness, characteristic of the Spanish race, together 
with the weariness induced by his objectless life, combined 
to make him utterly indifferent to the future. He had no 
domestic ties to bind him to the world ; a beloved wife and 
charming little daughter, the sole objects of his affection, 
had been snatched from him by a melancholy fate ; and he 
was contented passively to take his chance and await the 
chapter of events. 

But cold and deadened as he had deemed his heart to 
be, his contact with Martin Paz had done something to 
awaken him from his habitual lethai^. The fiery tempera- 

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ment of the Indian did something towards rekindling the 
smouldering ashes of the Spaniard's sensitiveness. The 
marquis was worn out by his association with his fellow- 
countrymen, in whom he had no confidence ; he was dis- 
gusted with the insolent half-breeds who were ever 
encroaching upon the prerogatives of his own order ; and 
so he seemed to turn for relief to that primitive race which 
had fought so valiantly to defend its soil against the soldiers 
of Pizarro. 

According to the information which the marquis received, 
it was currently reported that the Indian was dead. Worse 
than death, however, it appeared to Don Vegal that Martin 
Paz should ally himself in matrimony to a Jewess, and 
accordingly he resolved to rescue him doubly by allowing 
the* daughter of Samuel to be married without interference 
to Andr^ Certa. He could not do otherwise than observe 
the depression which weighed upon Martin, and he hoped 
to divert him from his melancholy by avoiding the topic, 
entirely, and by continually calling his attention to indif- 
ferent matters. 

One day, however, distressed at noticing the saddened 
preoccupation of his guest, he could not resist asking him — 

" How is it that the innate nobility of your nature does 
not revolt against what must be so deep a degradation ? 
Remember your ancestor, the redoubtable Manco-Capac ; 
his patriotism^exalted him to the highest rank of heroes, 


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and no one with a noble part to play should condescend to 
an ignoble passion. Do you not burn to regfain the inde- 
pendence of your soil ?" 

"Ah, seiior," said the Indian, "we never lose sight of 
that glorious enterprise, and the day is not far off when my 
brethren will rise en masse to accomplish it !" 

" I understand to what you refer," replied the marquis ; 
" you are thinking of that secret war which you are planning 
in the retirement of the mountains ; you are going to descend 
in full array, and at a concerted signal pounce upon the 
town below. Yes, you may come, but you will come, as 
you have always come, only to be vanquished. You have 
not the faintest hope of making good your hold amidst the 
continual revolutions of which Peru must be the scene,^ 
revolutions which elevate the half-breeds to the detriment 
alike of Indians and of Spaniards." 

*' Nay, but we will save our country!" was Martin's eager 

" Save it ? yes, you may ; if only you comprehend your 
proper part. But listen to me for a moment I would 
speak to you as tenderly as though you were my son. I 
tell you, although I own it with the deepest sorrow, that 
we Spaniards are degenerate sons of a once powerful race : 
our energy is gone, and we entirely lack the vigour to 
regain the supremacy we have lost. But it rests with you 
to prevail ; and prevail you can if you will only crush the 

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Page yA. 

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mischievous spirit of Americanism which is refusing to 
tolerate the settlement of foreigners as colonists amongst 
us. Be sure of this : there is only one policy that can save 
the old Peruvian Empire; you must have a European 
immigration. The intestine war which you are contem- 
plating can eflfect no good at all ; it will only trample out 
every grade but the one you want to extinguish. Nothing 
can be done except you frankly stretch out the hand of 
welcome to the labouring population of the Old World." 

" Indians, senor," replied Martin Paz, " must ever be the 
sworn foes of strangers, let them come whence they will. 
Indians will never tolerate the claims of foreigners to plant 
their footsteps upon their soil or to breathe their mountain 
air. My control over them is of such a character that it 
would not last a moment longer than I should denounce 
death to every oppressor of their liberty. It must be borne 
in mind, too," he continued, in a tone of mournful despon- 
dency, " that I am myself a fugitive with not three hours 
to live if I were to venture into the streets of Lima." 

"Lima!" exclaimed the marquis, "you must promise 
me at least that you will not trust yourself in Lima !" 

" Were I to pledge myself to that," said Martin, " I should 
be disguising the true intention of my heart." 

Don Vegal sat and mused in silence. There was no 
room to doubt that the Indian's passion was growing more 
intense from day to day, and the marquis knew that if he 

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shoulci presume to enter Lima he would to a certainty be 
exposing himself to an immediate death. What could he 
do but resolve by any and all means at his command to 
hurry on the marriage of the young Jewess to Andr6 

To convince himself of the true state of affairs the 
marquis rose betimes one morning and made his way from 
Chorillos back into the town. He was there informed that 
Andr^ Certa had so far recovered from his wound that he 
was about again, and that his approaching marriage was 
the subject of general gossip. 

Desirous of seeing the maiden who had so completely 
captivated Martin Paz, the Marquis Don Vegal directed 
his steps towards the Plaza Mayor at the evening hour, 
when the throng was invariably very great, and on his way 
encountered his old friend. Father Joachim. The monk 
was extremely astonished at being informed that Martin 
Paz was still alive, and nothing could exceed the eagerness 
with which he undertook to keep a watch on behalf of the 
young Indian, and to acquaint the marquis with any intelli- 
gence which might be of interest to him. 

While the two were conversing, the attention of the 
marquis was arrested by a young girl enveloped in a black 
mantle, who was reclining on the low seat of a barouche. 

"Who is that handsome young lady?" he inquired of 
Father Joachim. 

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" That is old Samuers daughter, the girl who is on the 
point of marrying Andr^ Certa," said the monk. 

" That the daughter of a Jew!" involuntarily exclaimed 
Don Vegal; but he restrained further expression of his 
astonishment, shook hands with his friend, and retraced his 
way to Chorillos. 

His surprise bewildered him still more when he came to 
consider that perchance she was only a Jewess in disguise ; 
he had recognized her as the girl whom he had seen 
kneeling in prayer within the Church of St Anne. 

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After the Columbian troops, that had been placed by 
Bolivar under the command of General Santa Cruz, had 
been driven out of Lower Peru, the country, hitherto dis- 
ordered by military revolutions, enjoyed a period of un- 
broken repose. To say the truth, the ambition of separate 
individuals became much less plainly pronounced, and the 
president, Gambarra, seemed to be securely quartered in 
his palace on the Plaza Mayor. From this source nothing 
was to be feared ; danger there might be, but it was not to 
be anticipated from rebellions which were extinguished as 
soon as they kindled, and which seemed only to afford an 
agreeable opportunity for the people to display their 
military tastes. 

Altogether this was a peril which did not occur to the 
Spaniards, who were too dignified in their high position to 
bestow a thought upon it; whilst the half-breeds were 
always indisposed to give their attention to anything that 
they considered at all beneath them. 

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All this time, however, a very unusual agitation was 
going on amongst the Indians ; those of them who resided 
in the town keeping up a vigourous communication with 
those who habitually made their homes amongst the 
mountains. They seemed for a time to have shaken off 
the dulness of their- native apathy. No longer lounging 
wrapped in their ponchos and basking in the sunshine, they 
were ever and again hurrying to and fro in the direction of 
the open country ; they greeted one another significantly 
as they met ; they were ever making mysterious signs of 
mutual recognition, and continually held their meetings in 
out-of-the-way, second-rate hotels, where they could carry 
on their conferences without any risk of being observed. 

This unusual commotion was for the most part obvious 
in one of the loneliest quarters of the town. At the corner 
of a street there was a dejected tenement, only one story 
high, the miserable appearance of which could not fail to 
attract observation. It was a kind of tap-room, of the 
lowest description, kept by an old Indian woman, who 
found her customers entirely amongst the most abject of 
the poor, who bought her beer made from fermented 
maize, or, failing that, contented themselves with a decoc- 
tion of sugar-canes. 

It was only at certain hours that there was any gathering 
of Indians at that spot, the signal of meeting being a long 
pole displayed on the roof of the building. But whenever 

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notice was given there was soon a motley assemblage of 
the lowest class of the natives ; there were cabriolet- 
drivers, muleteers, and carmen hurrying to the place of 
rendezvous, without loitering for a moment outside. The 
hostess was all on the alert, and, leaving the care of her 
counter to the charge of a servant-maid, hastened herself to 
give her best attention to her habitual guests. 

A few days after the disappearance of Martin Paz there 
was a concourse larger than usual collected in the large 
room of the inn. The apartment was dim with clouds of 
tobacco-smoke, and it was with much difficulty that any 
one of the habitu/s of the place could be distinguishsd from 
another. Altogether there were about fifty Indians congre- 
gated around the long table, some of whom were chewing 
a kind of tea-leaf mixed with a morsel of fragfrant earth, 
whilst others were drinking fermented liquor from huge 
cans ; but none of them seemed so much absorbed in their 
own doings as to prevent them from attending to the speech 
in which an old Indian was addressing them. 

This Indian was no other than Sambo, and the whole 
assembly appeared to be following him with an eager inte- 
rest He looked with a keen scrutiny round the circle of 
his audience, and, after a brief pause, continued his appeaL 

•* The Children of the Sun can now discuss their o\ra 
affairs quite unmolested. No perfidious spy can overiiear 
them here* All round about are friends who, di^^uised as 

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wandering street-singers, attract the passers-by, and prevent 
all interruption, so that now we may enjoy an uncontrolled 
and ample liberty." 

And while he spoke the notes of a mandolin were heard 
thrumming in the thoroughfare hard by. 

Certified as to their security, the whole gathering of 
Indians prepared to pay a yet closer attention to the words 
of Sambo, who manifestly enjoyed their largest confidence. 
One of the party, however, interrupted him by asking 
abruptly, — 

" Can Sambo give us any tidings of Martin Paz }" 

" None whatever," he replied ; " nor can I tell you 
whether he is alive or dead : the Great Spirit alone knows 
that. But I am expecting some of our brethren back who 
have been exploring the river down to its very mouth, and 
they perchance will have something to relate about the lost 
body of your chief." 

** Ay, he might be a good leader," said an Indian named 
Manangani, with the fierce, bold manner that belonged to 
him ; " but why was he wanting in his duty, and absent 
from his post on the very night that the schooner arrived 
with our arms ? " 

The question elicited no reply. Sambo hung his head in 

*' Are our brethren aware," continued Manangani, " that 
there was an exchange of shots that night between the 

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schooner and the coastguards, and do they know that the 
capture of the ' Annunciation ' would have been fatal to 
our enterprise ? " 

A murmur of assent ran through the assembly. 

Sambo now took up the conversation, saying that all who 
would wait to judge the matter would be welcome. 

"And who knows," he said, "whether my son shall not 
some day reappear ? Be patient still. Even now the arms 
which we received from Sechura are in our keeping ; safe 
they are in the mountain recesses of the Cordilleras, and 
ready to fulfil their work when you are prepared to do 
your duty." 

" And what shall hinder us ? " exclaimed a young Indian ; 
" our weapons are sharpened, and we only bide our time." 

"The hour will come," said Sambo; "but do our 
brethren know on whom the blow ought first to fall ?** 

The voice of one of the party was heard protesting that 
the first to perish ought to be the half-breeds who had 
treated them so insolently, chastising them like restive 

" Not so," declared another ; " the first that we should 
strike should be the appropriators of the soil we tread." 

" Mistaken are ye altogether ! " shouted Sambo, with a 
voice raised in eagerness. " You must let your blows fall 
first in another quarter. It is not those of whom you speak 
that have dared for three centuries to plant their foot upon 

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our ancestral soil ; rich as they are, it is not they who have 
dragged the descendants of Manco-Capac to the tomb. 
No ; rather 'tis the haughty Spaniards who are the true 
conquerors, and who have reduced you to the condition of 
being their very slaves. Their riches may have gone, but 
their authority survives, and they it is who (in spite of any 
emancipation that should give liberty to Peru) still trample 
our natural rights beneath their feet. Let us forget what 
we are, just that for once we may remember what our 
fathers were." 

" True ! true ! " was the shout that burst forth from many 
a voice in the excited company. 

Then ensued a few moments of silent consideration, when 
Sambo proceeded to make inquiries of some of the con- 
spirators and to satisfy himself that their allies in Cusco 
and throughout Bolivia were ready to rise as one man. 

His enthusiasm soon again broke out in speech. 

" And our brethren on the mountains, brave Manangani, 
only let them cherish in their souls a hatred such as yours, 
and arm themselves with your courage, too, and they shall 
fall upon Lima as an avalanche might come crashing down 
from the Cordilleras." 

" Sambo shall not need to complain," said Manangani ; 
" their firmness will not fail them at the proper time. Go 
but a few yards beyond the town and you shall find groups 
of eager Indians fired with tlie passion of revenge. In the 

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gorges of San Cristoval and the Amancaes many a one 
beneath his poncho wears his poignard hanging in his belt, 
and only waits to have the rifle trusted to his hand. Never 
will they forget to exact the vengeance that is due from the 
Spaniards for their defeat of Manco-Capac" 

" Good ! " replied Sambo ; " it is the God of hatred that 
inspires your lips. My brethren shall soon know what their 
chiefs have decided. All that Gambarra wants now is to 
consolidate his power ; Bolivar has retired ; Santa Cruz has 
been chased away, and we can act in perfect safety. Wait 
but a few days and our adversaries will be taking their 
pleasure at the coming festival of the Amancaes. Then 
will be our time ; then must we set ourselves in motion, and 
the summons must be heard even to the remotest village of 

Three Indians at this moment entered the room. Sambo 
received them with the eager inquiry, — 

" Well, what news ? Is he found ? " 

" No," replied one of the three ; " the body is nowhere to 
be found. Though we have searched every foot of the 
river bank, and sent the most skilful of our divers down to 
search the depths, we find no trace of Sambo's son. 
Doubtless he has perished in the waters of the Rimac." 

" Have they then killed him ? Is he lost ? \Voe, woe to 
them if they have slain my son ! " Then, repressing his 
passion, he added, " Let my brothers now go quietly away. 

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I*agt 317. 

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Go ye away to your place, but be on your guard and ready 
for the call." 

AH the Indians gradually took their departure, leaving 
Sambo and Manangani alone behind. 

" Do you know," asked Manangani, " what was the 
motive that took your son that night to the quarter of San 
Lazaro } Are you sure of him i " 

*' Sure of him ! " said Sambo, re-echoing the words, with 
a flash of indignant wrath in his eyes beneath which Manan- 
gani involuntarily recoiled, "sure of him! If Martin Paz 
should be a traitor to his friends, I would first slay every 
soul to whom he had given his friendship ; nay, I would 
not spare them to whom he had yielded his dearest love ; 
and then I would kill him ; and, last of all, I would kill 
myself. Perish everything beneath the sun rather than 
dishonour should befall our race." 

His fervid speech was interrupted by the hostess bringing 
in a letter addressed to him. 

"Who gave you this ?" he asked. 

" I cannot tell," replied the woman ; " it was left, appa- 
rently by design, as if forgotten by one of the men who 
have been drinking at one of the tables." 

" Have any but Indians been in here ?" he inquired. 

" None whatever but Indians," was her prompt reply. 

As soon as the woman had gone he unfolded the 
document and read it aloud : — 

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" A young girl has been praying for Martin Paz. She 
cannot forget one who has imperilled his life for the sake 
of hers. Has Sambo any tidings of his son ? If he has 
news of him, let him bind a scarlet band around his arm. 
There are eyes ever on the watch to see him pass." 

Crumpling up the paper, he exclaimed, — 

" Unhappy fool I to be entangled by the fascinations of 
a pretty girl!" 

"Who is she ?" inquired Manangani. 

*'No Indian maid," said Sambo, *' some dainty damsel 
full of airs. Ah, Martin Paz, you are beside yourself! I 
know you not!" 

" Do you mean to do what the woman asks ?" 

'* No !" said the Indian vehemently, *' let her abandon all 
hope of setting eyes upon my son again, and let her die in 

And while he spoke he angrily tore the paper into 

'* It must have been an Indian who brought the letter," 
observed Manangani. 

" Not one of our party. It is known well enough that 
I am often here, but I shall not come again. Now do 
you return to the mountains. I will keep watch in the 
town. The feast day comes, and we shall see whether 
it be a festival of rejoicing for the oppressors or the 

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With this parting direction the two Indians each departed 
on his own way. 

The plot of the Indians had been deeply laid, and the 
time for its execution was adroitly chosen. The population 
of Peru was reduced to a comparatively small number of 
Spaniards and half-breeds. From the forests of Brazil, 
from the mountains of Chili, from the plains of La Plata, 
the hordes of Indians had been summoned, and would find 
it an easy task to cover the whole territory which was to 
be the theatre of revolution. Once let the larger towns, 
Lima, Cusco, and Puno, fall into their hands, and victory 
was all their own. There was no fear of the Columbian 
troops, who had recently been driven out by the Peruvian 
government, returning to assist their adversaries in the 
hour of their necessity. 

And it can hardly be doubted that this revolutionary 
movement would have resulted in entire success if 
its intention had been confided to none but Indian 
breasts : amongst them there was no fear of trea- 

But they knew not that there was a man who already 
had obtained a private audience with Gambarra, and had 
apprized him that the schooner " Annunciation " had been 
unlading fire-arms of every description into the canoes and 
pirogues of the Indians at the mouth of the Rimac ; they 
knew not that that man had gone to claim a reward from 

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the Peruvian Government for the very service of exposing 
their own proceedings. 

A double game was this. The man who for a large pay- 
ment had chartered his ship to Sambo for the conveyance 
of the arms, had gone at once to the president and betrayed 
the existence of the conspiracy. 

The man, of course, was Samuel the Jew. 

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As soon as he was restored to health, Andr6 Certa, still 
believing in the death of Martin Paz, began to hurry on his 
marriage. His intended bride continued to regard him 
with the most perfect indifference ; but this did not occasion 
him any concern ; he regarded her solely as a costly article 
for which he had to pay the handsome price of 100,000 

It must be alleged that Andr6 had no confidence at all 
in the Jew, and he was right in entertaining mistrust. If 
the contract had been void of honesty, so were the con- 
tractors void of principle. Accordingly Andr6 was now 
anxious for a private interview with Samuel, and for that 
purpose took him for a day to Chorillos, where he also 
hoped to have the chance of trying a little gambling before 
his marriage. 

The gamipg-tables had been opened at the baths a few 
days after the marquis's arrival, and ever since they had 


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been the means of keeping up an incessant traffic along the 
road to Lima, Some came on foot, who returned with the 
luxury of a carriage; whilst others came only fairly to 
exhaust the remnant of a shattered fortune. 

Neither Don Vegal nor Martin Paz took any share in 
the play ; the restlessness of the young Indian was caused 
by a far nobler game. After their evening walks Martin 
would take leave of the marquis, and, going to his own 
room, would lounge with his elbows on the window-sill, and 
spend hours in silent reveriie* 

Nothing could ever divert the marquis from ever and 
^ain recalling to his recollection the young girl whom he 
had seen praying in the Catholic church, but he did not 
venture to entrust the secret to his guest, although he took 
occasion little by little to acquaint him with the essentials 
of the Christian faith. He hesitated to allude to the girl, 
because he was fearful of reviving the very interest that he 
was anxious to allay. It was necessary that the Indian 
should renounce every hope of obtaining the hand of Sarah. 
Only let the police, he thought, abandon their search for 
Martin, and his protector did not doubt that in the course 
of time he could procure him an introduction into the. first 
circle of Peruvian society. 

But Martin Paz would not surrender himself to despair 
without assuring himself of the hopelessness of his chance. 
He resolved at all risks to know the actual destiny of the 

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young Jewess. Screened from suspicion by his Spanish? 
attire, he thought he might enter into the gambling-halls,- 
and so hear the conversation of those who habitually 
frequented them. Andr^ Certa was a person of sufficient 
note to make his marriage, as it drew near, a topic of con- 
siderable talk. 

One evening, therefore, instead of turning his steps 
towards the sea-shore, the Indian bent his way towards the 
high cliffs on which the principal houses in Chorillos were 
built, and entered a house that was approached by a large 
flight of stone steps. This was the gambling-house. 

The day had been trying to more than one of the people 
of Lima. Some of them, worn out by the fatigue of the 
preceding night, were reposing on the ground, covered with 
their ponchos. 

The other gamblers were seated before a large table 
covered with green baize, and divided into four compart- 
ments by two lines that cut each other at right angles in 
the middle* Each of these compartments was marked with 
either the letter A., or the letter S., the initial letters of the 
Spanish words '\asar," and "suerte," hazard and chance. 
The players put their money upon whichever of the letters 
they chose, a croupier held the stakes, and threw two dice 
upon the table, and the combined readings of the points 
determined whether A. or S. was the winner. 

At this particular moment there was a general anima- 

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tion, and one half-breed could be noticed persevering 
against ill-luck with a feverish determination. 

•* Two thousand piastres !" he exclaimed. 

The croupier shook the dice, and a muttered curse fell 
from the player's lips. 

"Four thousand piastres!" he said. 

But again he lost. 

Protected by the shadows of the hall, Martin Paz caught 
a glimpse of the player's face. It was Andr6 Certa, and 
close beside him stood the Jew Samuel 

" There," said Samuel, " that's play enough. The luck is 
all against you to-day." . 

" Curse the luck I" said Andr^ impetuously, '* it does not 
matter to you." 

The Jew whispered in the young man's ear, — 

" It may not matter to me ; but to you it matters much, 
and you should desist from the practice for the few days 
before your marriage." 

"Eight thousand piastres I" was the only reply that 
Andr^ made, as he laid his stake upon the S. 

" A. wins," was the immediate decision of the dice, and 
the half-breed's blaspheming oaths were hardly covered by 
the croupier's summons, " Make your game, gentlemen ; 
make your game." 

Taking a roll of notes from his pocket, Andr^ was on 
the point of hazarding a still larger sum ; he was placing 

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P<^' 324- 

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them on the table, and the croupier was already shaking his 
dice, when at a signal from Samuel he all at once stopped 

The Jew bent his head again towards the ear of Andre, 
and said, — 

" You will have nothing left to-night to close our bargain. 
Everything will then be broken off." 

Andr6 shrugged his shoulders, and uttered an ejaculation 
of rage ; but he took up the money he had staked, and went 
out of the room. 

"You may go on now," said Samuel, addressing the 
croupier ; " you may ruin that gentleman if you like, but not 
until after his marriage." 

The croupier bowed obsequiously. The Jew was the 
originator and proprietor of the gaming-house. Wherever 
there was gold to be won, he was sure to be found. 

Following the young half-breed out, he overtook him 
upon the stone steps, and telling him that he had matters 
of great importance to communicate to him, asked where 
they might converse in uninterrupted security. 

"Where you please!'' said Andr6, with abrupt dis- 

"Let me advise you, sefior," said Samuel, "not to let 
your bad temper interfere with your future advantage. My 
secret is not to be revealed within the best closed doors ; 
no, nor yet in the most secluded wilderness. It is a secret 

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for which you think you are paying me a good high price, 
but let me assure you it is well worth keeping." 

While they were thus talking they came to the spot 
where the bathing-houses were erected ; but they had no 
idea how they were being overlooked and overheard by 
Martin Paz, who had glided after them like a serpent 

** Let us take a boat," said Andr^ " and put out to 

He then loosened a light boat from its moorings on the 
shore, and flinging some money to its owner, he made 
Samuel get in, and pushed off into the open water. 

No sooner did Martin Paz observe the boat leave the 
shore than, concealed by a projecting rock, he hastily un- 
dressed, and taking the precaution to fasten on his belt, to 
which he attached a poignard, he swam with all his strength 
in the same direction. By this time the sun had sunk 
below the horizon, and the obscurity of twilight enveloped 
both sea and sky. 

One thing Martin had forgotten. He did not call to 
mind that the waters of these latitudes were infested with 
sharks of the most ferocious kind ; but, plunging recklessly 
into the fatal flood, he made good his way till he was near 
enough to the boat just to catch the voices of the two as 
they spoke. 

" But what proof am I to give the father of the girl's 
identity ?" were the first words he heard Andr6 say. 

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"Proof! why, you must detail the circumstances under 
which he lost his child." 

" What were the circumstances ?" asked Andr6. 

" Listen, and you shall hear," replied the Jew. 

Martin Paz could only by an effort keep his position 
within ear-shot of the boat, and what he heard he failed to 

The Jew proceeded to say, — 

"It was in Chili, at Conception, that Sarah's father 
lived. He is a nobleman .that you already know, and his 
wealth was according to his rank. He was obliged, by 
business of a pressing nature, to come to Lima. He came 
alone, leaving behind his wife and a little daughter only five 
months old. In every respect the climate of Peru was 
agreeable to him, and he sent for his lady to join him there. 
Bringing with her only a few trusty servants, she embarked 
on the ' San Jos6,' of Valparaiso. On that ship it chanced 
that I was myself a passenger. The 'San Jos^ ' was bound 
to put into harbour at Lima ; but just off the point of Juan 
Fernandez she was exposed to a terrific hurricane, which 
disabled her, and laid her upon her beam-ends. The whole 
of the crew, and the passengers, betook themselves to the 
long-boat, but at the sight of the raging sea, the 
marchioness refused to enter the boat, but clasping her 
infant in her arms, resolved at all hazards to remain where 
she was. I remained with her. The long-boat made off, 

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but before it had proceeded a hundred fathoms from the 
ship, it was swallowed up in the angry waters. The two of 
us remained alone. The storm came on with increasing 
fury. As I had not my property on board, I was not 
reduced to a condition of absolute despair. The 'San 
Jos^/ with five feet of water in her hold, drove upon the 
rocks and was dashed to pieces. The lady with her child 
was thrown into the sea. It was my fortune to be able to 
rescue the little girl, although I saw the mother perish 
before my eyes ; and with the child in my arms, I contrived 
to reach the shore." 

"Are these details all correct ?" asked Andr^. 

"Yes, to the most minute particular. The father will 
not deny them. Ah! I did a good days work when I 
earned that 100,000 piastres which you are going to pay 

Perplexed beyond measure, Martin could not suppress 
the ejaculation, "What does all this mean ?" 

" Here," said Andr^ taking out his purse, " here is your 

"Thanks!" replied Samuel, eagerly pocketing the cash, 
" and here is your receipt. I guarantee to return you twice 
the sum if you do not find yourself a member of one of the 
noblest Spanish families." 

Martin Paz was more bewildered than ever. He could 
give no meaning to what he heard. The boat began to 

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move in his direction, and he was about to dive below the 
water to elude observation when he saw a huge black mass 
rolling onwards towards him. 

It was a tintorea, a shark of the most voracious kind. 

Although the Indian dived immediately, he was soon 
obliged to come to the surface to take breath. As he rose 
he was struck by the tail of the shark, and felt the slimy 
scales against his breast. In order to grasp its prey, the 
animal, according to its habit, rolled over on its back, and 
displayed its monstrous jaw armed with its triple rows of 
teeth ; but in an instant Martin, catching a glimpse of its 
white belly, made a desperate effort, and plunged in his 
dagger to its very hilt. 

The waves around him were all red with blood ; he made 
another dive, and, rising about ten fathoms away, had 
entirely lost sight of the boat. A few more strokes, and he 
regained the shore, hardly conscious of the hairbreadth 
escape he had had from the most terrible of deaths. 

Next day he was gone from Chorillos, and Don Vegal, 
harassed by misgivings, hurried with all speed to Lima, in 
the hope of finding him. 

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Quite an event was the approaching marriage of Andr^ 
Certa with the daughter of the affluent Jew. The ladies 
had no time for repose; the necessity of inventing new 
fashions and for preparing elaborate costumes to gjrace the 
Qccasion occupied every thought and taxed every resource. 

The mansion of the Jew was especially the scene, of 
bustle, as he was resolved to give a most sumptuous enter- 
tainment in honour of Sarah's wedding. The frescoes which 
decorated the walls in Spanish fashion were restored at a 
large expense ; hangings of the most costly quality were 
hung at every window and over every door; handsome 
furniture, carved of fragrant wood, diffused a pleasant 
odour throughout the spacious rooms, whilst plants of the 
rarest and loveliest gfrowth, the products of the most 
luxuriant regions of the tropics, adorned the balconies and 
terraces at every turn. 

The maiden herself, however, was the victim of despair. 

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Sambo had no longer any hope, otherwise he would have 
worn the red tokep on his arm. Her servant Liberta had 
been sent to keep a watch upon the old Indian, but he had 
been unable to discover anything. 

Could the girl only have been free to follow the dictates 
of her heart she would not have hesitated an instant to have 
sought a refuge in the nearest convent, and to have made 
her vows for all her future life. Attracted as she was with 
the doctrines of the Catholics as they had been irresistibly 
expounded to her by the eloquence of Father Joachim, she 
would have surrendered herself with the most genuine of 
zeal to the influences of that faith which was winding itself 
so synipathetically around the longings of her heart 

The monk, anxious to avoid every suspicion of scandal, 
and being better read in his breviary than in the passions 
of human nature, allowed Sarah to believe in the death of 
Martin Paz. The girl's conversion to his own mind seemed 
a matter of supreme importance, and presuming that this 
would be secured by her marriage with Andr6, he tried to 
reconcile her to the union, without at all knowing the con- 
ditions under which it was concluded. 

At length the day arrived, a day so full of congratulations 
to one party, so heavy in misgivings to the other. Andr6 
Certa had issued his invitations to well-nigh the whole town, 
but had the mortification of finding that, under some pretext 
or other, all the superior families had excused themselves. 

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The hour struck at which the marriage contract had to 
be signed, and expectation rose to its height, when all 
became aware that the bride had not appeared 

The annoyance and alarm of the old Jew were intense. 
The frown that lowered on the brow of Andri Certa was 
the witness of mingled anger and amazement Embarrass- 
ment seized every guest ; and the whole scene was brought 
out in singular distinctness by the thousands of wax lights, 
whose rays were reflected from the countless mirrors all 

Meanwhile, outside in the general thoroughfare, there was 
a man pacing up and down in a state of the wildest 
excitement. That man was the Marquis Don Vegal. 

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Throughout this period Sarah, a prey to the bitterest 
anguish, remained in the solitude of her own room. Nothing 
could induce her to quit it. Once, half stifled by her 
emotion, she sought relief by going to the balcony that 
overhung the garden below. 

At that very instant she caught sight of a man wending 
his way through the groves of magnolias, and recognized 
her servant Liberta. To all appearance he was stealthily 
watching some one who did not see him. At one moment 
he was concealing himself behind a statue, at the next he 
was crouching on the grass. 

Then all at once the girl turned pale. There was 
Liberta struggling with a tall man who had thrown him to 
the ground, and who was pressing his hand over his mouth 
so that he could only utter a feeble groan. 

She was about to cry out, when she saw the two men 
rise together from the ground, and deliberately make a 
survey of each other. 

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" You ! you ! is it you ?" said Liberta. 

There had risen to her vision what appeared to be a 
phantom from another world, and as Liberta now followed 
the man who had felled him to the earth, she recognized 
Martin Paz, and was unable to do more than re-echo the 
words she had heard, — 

" You 1 you I is it you ?" 

Gazing at her intently, Martin addressed her with an 
earnest appeal 

" Does the bride hear the revelry of the bridal feast ? 
Are not the guests speeding to the hall, that they may 
rejoice in the beauty of her charms ? The victim, is she 
prepared for the sacrifice ? Is it with these pale cheeks, 
and trembling lips, that she is going to surrender herself to 
the bridegfroom ?*' 

She scarcely understood him, but he continued his 
pathetic address, — 

'* Why should the maiden weep? There is peace there ; 
far away from the house of her father ; ,far away from the 
home where she drops her tears of bitterness; there is 
peace therer 

And drawing himself to his full height, he stood pointing 
with his finger to the summits of the Cordilleras, as if 
showing that there was a refuge in the mountains to which 
she might escape. 

The girl felt herself constrained by an irresistible impulse. 

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There were voices close to her very chamber ; she heard 
the sound of approaching footsteps ; her father was on his 
way, perchance the man to whom she was betrothed was 
coming too. Suddenly Martin Paz extinguished the lamp 
that hung above her head, and his whistle, just as on that 
evening on the Plaza-Mayor, resounded shrilly through the 
gathering shades of night. 

The door buret open. Samuel and Andr6 Certa hurried 
in. The darkness was all bewildering. The servants 
hastened to bring some lanterns ; but the room was empty. 

'^ Death aivi fury !" shrieked the half-breed. 

" Where is she ?" exclaimed the Jew. 

" For this," said Andr6, with the coarsest insolence, " I 
hold you responsible." 

A cold sweat came over the old man, and uttering a cry 
of anguish, he rushed away, followed by his servants. 

All this time Martin Paz had been flying, at fullest speed, 
along the streets of the town. Summoned by his well- 
known signal, at about two hundred paces from Samuel's 
house, there were several Indians ready at his call. 

"Away to our mountains!" he cried. 

"To the Marquis Don Vegal's !" came from a voice close 

The Indian turned, and found the marquis standing by 
his side. 

" Will you not trust the maiden to me .^" said Don Vegal. 

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Martin bowed his head in token of assent, and said in a 
smothered voice: "To the house of the Marquis Don 

Thus yielding her to the marquis, Martin had every 
confidence that the girl would be in safety, and from a 
feeling of what was owing to propriety, he resolved that he 
would not himself pass the night under the marquis's roof. 

He made his way in another direction ; his head was hot, 
and a fevered blood was throbbing in his veins ; but he had 
hardly gone a hundred yards, when a party of half a dozen 
men threw themselves across his path, and in spite of his 
obstinate resistance, secured his arms, and blindfolded him. 
He raised a cry of desperation, supposing that he had 
fallen into the hands of his foes. 

It did not take many minutes to convey him to a 
neighbouring resort, and on the bandage being removed 
from his cyts, he saw at once that he was in the low room 
of the tavern where his associates had organized their 
scheme of revolution. 

Sambo, who had been present at the rescue of the young 
girl, was there ; Manangani and some others were standing 
round him. Martin's eyes flashed angrily. 

" No pity had my son for me," said Sambo. " Shame 
that for so long he should permit me to believe that he was 

" Is it fair," asked Manangani, " that on the very eve of 

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P^f 337» 

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a revolution, Martin Paz, our chief, should betake himself 
to the quarters of the enemy." 

Not a word fell from the lips of the prisoner in reply to 
either one or the other. 

"Why should it be tolerated," demanded Manangam, 
"that our interests should be sacrificed to a woman ?" and 
as he spoke he approached nearer to Martin, holding a 
poignard in his hand. 

Martin Paz did not even glance at him, but still stood 
perfectly unmoved. 

" Let us speak first," said Sambo, " and act afterwards. 
If my son is disloyal to his brethren, I shall know how to 
exact a proper vengeance. Let him be on his guard ! That 
Jew's daughter is not concealed so closely as to elude our 
grasp. He must think betimes. Let him once be con- 
demned to die, and there will not be a stone in the town 
on which he could rest his head ; let him, on the other 
hand, be the deliverer of his country, and he may crown 
that head with perpetual glory ! " 

Although Martin Paz did not break his silence, it was 
obvious that a mighty struggle was going on within his 
soul : Sambo had succeeded in stirring the depths of that 
ardent nature. 

For all the projects of insurrection Martin Paz was 
indispensable. His was an influence over the Indians of 
the town which none but himself enjoyed ; he bent them 


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338 l^ARTIN PAZ. 

at his will ; he had but to give the word, and they were 
prepared to follow him to death. 

By Sambo's order the bonds were removed from his arms, 
and he stood at liberty. The old Indian looked at him 
steadily, and bade him once more listen. 

** To-morrow," he said, "is the feast of the Amancaes. 
While the festival is at its height, our brethren will fall like 
an avalanche upon the unarmed and unsuspecting men of 
Lima. Now take your choice. There is the way to the 
mountains : there is the way to the town. You are free!" 

" To the mountains ! to the mountains !" shouted Martin ; 
*' and death to our foes !" 

And the first rays of the rising sun cast a ruddy glow 
into the council-chamber of the Indian chiefs in the heart 
of the Cordilleras. 

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And now the great annual fSte of the Amancaes had 
arrived. It was the 24th of June. On foot, on horseback, 
in carriages, the bulk of the population made its way to 
the well-known spot about half a leagfue from the town. 
Indians and half-breeds were wont alike to share the mutual 
recreation ; kinsmen and acquaintances marched gaily to 
the festive scene. Each gfroup carried its own stock of 
provisions, and many of them were headed by a musician, 
who accompanied the popular melodies which he sung 
with the notes of his guitar. Starting through the fields of 
maize and indigo, they entered the banana-groves beyond, 
and traversed the charming avenues of willows which led 
them to the woods, where the aromatic odour of citrons and 
oranges mingled with the wild perfume of the hills. All 
along the route the itinerant vendors hawked a liberal 
supply of beer and brandy, which served to excite the 
merriment, and at times to stimulate the boisterousness of 

z 2 

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the pleasure-seeking multitude. Equestrians made their 
horses prance in the very middle of the crowd, vying with 
one another in displaying their speed and dexterity. 

The festival derives its name from the little flowers that 
grow on the mountains. There is a universal licence, yet 
it IS exceedingly rare for the noise of a quarrel to be heard 
mingling with the thousand demonstrations of general joy. 
A few lancers here and there, wearing their flashing 
cuirasses, are more than sufficient to preserve order among 
the teeming crowds. 

As soon as the entire gathering had assembled on the 
plain of the Amancaes, a mighty cheer was raised which 
was re-echoed back from the caverns of the hills- 

Beneath the feet of the spectators the ancient city of the 
kings revealed itself, adorned with its numerous steeples 
and bell-towers, that were now pealing forth their sonorous 
chimes. The churches of San Pedro and Saint Augustine, 
as well as the great cathedral, arrested the eye as the sun- 
beams fell upon their spacious roofs. . Rising conspicuously 
above all was the handsome lantern-tower of the richly- 
endowed church of San Domingo, where the Madonna is 
never arrayed in the same drapery for two days in succes- 
sion. To the right, the waves of the Pacific rolled their 
azure flood along the landscape, and the eye as it glanced 
from Lima to Callao rested on the mausoleums in which 

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reposed the ashes of the ancient dynasty of the Incas of 
Peru. Upon the horizon the promontory of Morro-Solar 
gave an appropriate finish to the glorious picture. 

But whilst the festive crowd were enjoying the fair 
prospect, a bloody tragedy had been prepared below the 
snowy summits of the Cordilleras. Whilst the homes of 
Lima were being deserted by their occupants, a great 
number of Indians were wandering about the streets. They 
had been usually accustomed to join the general festivity, 
but on this occasion they went to and fro in the town, silent 
and preoccupied. Every now and tlien a busy chief would 
give them some secret order, and pass quickly on his way 
Little by little they concentrated all their force upon the 
richest quarters of the town. 

Thus the day of rejoicing passed on, and as the sun 
began to sink into the west, the time arrived in which the 
aristocrats in their turn went out to join the general 
throng. The costliest of dresses were seen in the hand- 
somest of carriages which lined the avenues on either 
side of the road that led to the Amancaes, and pedes- 
trians, horses, and vehicles were mmgled in inextricable 

The cathedral clock now tolled the hour of five. 

Up from the town there rose a mighty cry. At a con- 
certed signal, masses of armed Indians from many a bye- 
way and many a house, rushed out and filled the streets. 

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The wealthiest districts -were almost in a moment invaded 
by troops of the revolutionary tribe, not a few of whom 
were brandishing lighted torches high above their heads. 

** Death to the Spaniards ! Deadi and destruction to the 
tyrants ! " were the watch- words of the rebels. 
' Forthwith from the surrounding heights came trooping 
in a multitude of other Indians, hurrying to aid their 
brethren in the general uproar. 

Imagination can scarcely realize the alarming aspect of 
the town at this moment. The revolutionists had pene- 
trated in all directions. At the head of one party, Martin 
Paz was waving a black flag, and whilst some detachments 
were assaulting the houses that were doomed to pillage, he 
led his troop towards the Plaza-Mayor. Close beside him 
was the ferocious Manangani, bellowing out his infuriated 

But forewarned of the revolt, the soldiers of the Govern- 
ment had ranged themselves in a line along the front of 
the president's palace, and a general fusillade startled the 
Insurgents as they approached. Taken thoroughly by 
surprise at this reception, and seeing many of their number 
fall, the Indians, frantic with excitement, made a tremen- 
dous rush upon the troops, and great was the m^Ue that 
ensued. Both* Martin Paz and Manangani performed 
prodigies of valour, and it was only marvellous how they 
escaped with their lives. 

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It was of all things^most essential that the palace should 
be taken, and that they should establish themselves within 
its walls. 

"Forwards I" cried Martin Paz, as again and again he. 
urged his followers to the assault. 

Although they had been routed in many quarters, the* 
besiegers nevertheless succeeded in causing the battalion 
of soldiers that guarded the front pf the palace to beat a. 
retreat, and Manangani had already placed his foot upon 
the flight of steps when he was brought to a sudden stand. 
The reserve troops behind had unmasked two pieces of 
artillery, and were preparing to open fire. 

There was not a moment to lose ; the battery must be 
captured before it could be brought into action. 

" We two must do it," shouted Manangani vehemently to 
Martin Paz. 

But Martin did not hear him ; he was attending to a 
negro, who was whispering in his ear that the house, of the 
Marquis Don Vegal was being plundered, and that there was 
every chance that the marquis himself would be assas^ 

Martin Paz began to retreat. To no purpose did 
Manangani rally him to the attack, and all at once the roar 
of the cannon was heard/ and the Indians were swept down 
on every side. 

"Follow me!" shouted Martin, and gathering. a baadful 

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of companions around him, he succeeded in effecting a 
passage back through the line of soldiers. 

It was a retreat that had all the evil consequences of an 
act of treachery. The Indians believed themselves aban- 
doned by their chief, and in vain did Manangani urge them 
to renew the fight A heavy fusillade threw them into 
utter disorder, and their rout was soon complete. Flames 
at a little distance attracted some of the fugitives to 
the work of pillage, but the soldiers pui?sued them 
with their swords, and killed them in considerable 

Meanwhile Martin Paz had reached the residence of Don 
V^al, and found it the scene of a furious struggle. Sambo 
was there taking the lead in the work of destruction. He 
had a double motive to urge him on; not only was 
he eager to plunder the Spaniard, but he was anxious 
to get possession of Sarah as a pledge of his son's 

The gate and the walls of the great courtyard were 
thrown down, and revealed the marquis, sword in hand, 
supported by his servants, and making a vigourous defence 
against the mob that was assailing him. His determined 
attitude and indomitable courage gave a certain sublimity 
to his appearance ; he stood foremost in the fray, and his 
own arm had laid low the corpses that were on the ground 
before him. 

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.. But ! altogether hopeless seemed the struggle he was 
making against the numbers of Indians, which were now 
recruited by the arrival of those who had been vanquished 
on the Plaza-Mayor. He was all but succumbing to the 
superior force of his opponents, when, like a thunderbolt, 
Martin Paz fell upon the insurgents in the rear, compelling 
them to face about, and then making his way through a 
shower of bullets to the marquis's side, he protected 
him with his own body from the blows which assailed 

"Well done! well done! my friend!" shouted Don 
Vegal, clasping his defender's hand 

" Well done ! well done 1 Martin Paz/' repeated another 
voice that went to his very soul. 

He recognized Sarah ; her words gave redoubled vigour 
to his arm, and a veritable circle of bleeding figures lay 
stretched around him. 

Sambo's troops meanwhile were forced to yield. Twenty 
times did the modem Brutus make his unsuccessful assaults 
upon his son, and twenty times did Martin Paz withhold 
his hand, which was able, if he would, to strike down his 

Covered with blood, Manangani suddenly took his stand 
at Sambo's side, and spurred him on to vengeance. 

"Your oath!" he cried. " Remember your oath ! You 
have sworn to avenge the traitor's guilt upon his kinsman, 

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upon his friends^ upon himself! The time has come ! See, 
here are the soldiers, and Andr6 Certa is with theml" 

'' Come on^ then/' said Sambo, with the laugh of a maniac ; 
"come on now r* 

Then leaving the courtyard, the two together made their 
way towards a body of troops who were hastening to the 
scene ; they were aimed at by the advancing corps, but not 
in the least intimidated, Sambo made his way straight up 
to Andr^ Certa. 

"You are Andr^ Certa," he said. "Your bride is in Don 
Vegal's house, and Martin Paz is going to carry her off to 
yonder mountains !" 

He said no more, and both the Indians disappeared. 

In this way Sambo had prevailed to bring the twa 
mortal antagonists face to face. The soldiers were misled 
by the presence of Martin Paz, and rushed onwards to. 
attack the house. 

Maddened with fury was Andrd Certa. As soon as he 
caught sight of Martin he made a dash upon him. The 
young Indian, as he recognized the half-breed, howled out 
a challenge of defiance, and quitted the flight of steps 
which he had so valiantly defended. 

Here then stood the rivals: foot to foot, breast to 
breast, face to face. Keen was the survey that each took 
of the other. Neither friend nor enemy ventured to 
approach ; all alike looked on in terror^ and with bated 

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breath. Andri &^t made a desperate lunge at Martin 
Paz, who had dropped his dagger; but, just in time to 
escape the blow, Martin had grasped Andr6*s uplifted arm. 
Andr^ tried ia vain to disengage it, and Martin, wresting 
the poignard from his adversary's hand, plunged it into his 
very heart. 

Martin threw himself into the arms of the marquis, who 
shouted impetuously, — 

" Now quick, oS, off to the mountains ; wait no further 
bidding, but fly!" 

At this instant old Samuel made his appearance, and 
flinging himself upon Certa's body, drew out a small 
pocket-book which the dead man had upon him. The 
action did not however escape the observation of Martin, 
who, turning upon the Jew, snatched the book from his 
hands, and turning over the leaves, extracted a paper, 
which, with an exclamation of joy, he handed to the 

The marquis looked confounded as he slowly read the 
words, — 

"Received of Sefior Andr^ Certa the sum of 100,000 
piastres : which I undertake to restore, if Sarah, whom I 
saved from the wreck of the * San Jos^,' should not prove to 
be the daughter and sole heiress of the Marquis Don 

"Daughter! my daughter!" exclaimed the bewildered 

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Spaniard, and hurried towards the apartment where Sarah 
was concealed. 

. The girl had gone. Father Joachim was there, covered 
in bloody and could only utter a few disjointed words, — 
*' Sambo . • , . carried off ... . Rio Madeira ! " 

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"Off," said Martin Paz, "let us be off!" 

And without saying a word, the marquis quickly followed 
the Indian's lead. His daughter ! Yes, at all hazards he 
must iind his daughter. 

Mules were brought without delay, and the two men 
mounted. They had buckled on large gaiters below their 
knees, and put on broad-brimmed straw hats to shade 
their heads ; they carried pistols in their holsters, and their 
rifles were slung to their sides. Martin had fastened his 
lasso around him, attaching one end to the harness of his 

Well enough did he know every plain and every pass of 
that mountain-chain, and had no doubt as to the district 
into which Sambo would attempt to convey the maiden ; 
his betrothed he longed to call her ; but did he dare thus 
to think of Don Vegal's daughter ? 

One thought, one aim, occupied alike the Indian and the 
, Spaniard, as they penetrated the gorges of the Cordilleras, 

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darkened by the plantations of pines and cocoa-trees. 
They had left behind the cedars, the cotton-trees, and the 
aloes; they had passed beyond the fields planted with 
luzerne and maize. Occasionally some prickly cactuses 
would irritate the mules, and make them hesitate even 
upon the brink of the most dangerous precipices. 

To traverse the mountains at this season was a perilous 
undertaking. The melting of the snow beneath the rays 
of the summer sun had swollen the streams to cataracts, 
and continually immense masses came rolling down from 
the peaks above into the chasms bdow. 

But neither by day nor night did the father and the 
lover permit themselves to rest 

Reaching the summit of the Andes, 14,000 feet above 
the level of the sea, they found no more forests, no more 
v^etation. Repeatedly they were deluged by the terrible 
storms that break over the Cordilleras, and which in 
furious whirlwinds pile the snow in masses high above the 
mountain-peaks. Despite all his energies, the marquis 
was sometimes compelled to stop, and the powers of 
Martin's endurance were taxed to the uttermost to over- 
come the obstacles which the masses of snow presented to 
their progress. 

They had reached the point, the very highest in the 
chain, and, worn out with fatigue, seemed ready to fall into 
that condition of despair which deprives men of all power 

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•to act. It required almost a superhuman effort to go. on ; 
but turning to the eastern declivity of the mountain-range, 
they fell upon traces of the fugitives, and with rekindled 
energy began the descent 

Reaching the almost boundless virgin-forests that cover 
' the regions between Brazil and Peru, they made their way 
'through woods that might have proved inextricable had 
not the practised sagacity of Martin stood them in good 
stead. Nothing escaped his observation ; and the ashes of 
•an extinguished fire, some vestiges of footsteps, some twigs 
broken off from the branches, and the character of certain 
fragments in the path — all attracted his experienced eye. 

Don Vegal feared that his ill-fated daughter had been 
conveyed on foot over the crags and through the thickets, 
but the Indian pointed out to him some indications in the 
stony ground which were undoubtedly the impressions of 
an animal's feet ; and, above all, the branches had been 
broken back in the same direction, and that at a height 
which could only be reached by a person that was mounted 
The marquis too gladly yielded his con\dction, and rejoiced 
to think that for Martin Paz there was no obstacle insur- 
mountable, and no peril that he could not overcome. 

At length one evening, positively worn out by fatigue, 
they made a halt They had just come to the banks of 
a river. It was the upper stream of the Madeira, which 
the Indian knew perfectly well Enormous mangroves 

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overhung the water and connected themselves with the 
trees on the farther bank by creepers hanging in fanciful 

The question at once arose about the fugitives. Had 
they gone up the stream, or followed it farther down ? or 
had they contrived by any means to go straight across ? 
It was all important to decide, and Martin took unbounded 
pains to follow up some footprints for a distance along the 
rocks till he came to a glade which was somewhat less 
dense than the surrounding woods. There he observed 
such indentations in the soil, as left him no doubt that 
a group of people had crossed the river at that very 

While he was still reconnoitring his position he caught 
sight of a black mass which seemed to be moving near an 
adjacent coppice. Seizing his lasso, he prepared for an 
attack ; but he had not to advance many steps before he 
could see that it was a mule stretched upon the ground^ 
and writhing in the last agonies of death. The poor brute 
had been struck down at a considerable distance from the 
spot where it was dying, as was evident from the long trail 
of blood it had left behind. In attempting to cross the 
river, no doubt the Indians had been unable to induce the 
animal to take the water, and, rather than leave it, they had 
despatched it, as they supposed, by a blow with a dagger. 
There was no longer any uncertainty as to the direction 

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the fugitives had taken, and having satisfied himself on 
this point, Martin made his way back to his companion. 

"To-morrow/* he said, "perhaps our journey may be 

" Nay, let us go on now," said the marquis. 

" We must cross the river/' replied Martin. 

" Well, why not swim across at oftce ?" 

And without delay they proceeded to undress, and tying 
up their clothes in a bundle, that Martin proposed to carry 
over on his head, they made their way into the stream as 
noiselessly as possible, that they might not disturb any of 
the alligators that are abundant in all the rivers both of 
Peru and Brazil 

On arriving safely at the farther bank Martin Paz made 
it his first care to search for the track which the Indians 
must have made, but after a long search amidst the fallen 
leaves, and along the pebbly shore, he was able to discover 
nothing. Remembering, however, that the strength of the 
current had very probably made them drift away from 
a straight course, they reascended the bank for a con- 
siderable distance, when they came upon footprints so 
decided that they could not be mistaken. 

It was manifestly the place where Sambo had effected 
his passage over the Madeira with his troop, which had 
been lai^ely increased on its way. The truth was that the 
Indians of the mountains and the plains, who had been 

A a 

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impatiently expecting the success of their insurrection, now 
learnt that it had miscarried through treachery ; burning 
with rage, and finding that there was a victim on whom to 
vent their wrath, they had joined themselves to the old 
Indian's retinue. 

The young gfirl had little consciousness of what was 
going on around her. She went forwards because there 
were hands that urged her forwards. Had they left her in 
the middle of the wilderness she would not have stirred a 
step to escape deatli. The memory of the young Indian 
would now and then flit across her mind, yet she was little 
otherwise than an inanimate burden upon the neck of the 
mule that carried her. Beyond the river, when two of the 
men dragged her along on foot, she left a trace of blood, 
marking every spot on which she trod. 

It did not occur to Sambo, and therefore gave him no 
uneasiness that the dotted crimson streak was an index to 
point out the way they went. He was approaching the 
limit of his flight, and soon the rushing cataracts of the 
river were heard with their deafening roar. 

The party halted at an insignificant village, comprising 
about a hundred huts, made of canes and clay. As they 
entered, a multitude of women and children greeted them 
with boisterous acclamations ; but all their delight was 
changed to rage as soon as they heard of the supposed 
treachery of Martin Paz. 

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Without quailing in any way before her enemies, 
Sarah surveyed them with a languid gaze. Though they 
insulted her with the vilest gestures, and assailed her 
ears with obloquy and savage threats, she was passive and 

"Where is my husband?" demanded one of the angry 
crones ; "he has been killed through you." 

"My brother too," added another, "he has not come 
back again ; my brother has lost his life for you !" 

Then the general chorus rose aloud,— 

" Die ! you shall die ! and your flesh shall be given 
piecemeal to us all!" 

And as they shouted, they brandished their knives aloft, 
waved torches of burning fire, took up stones of prodigious 
weight, and heaped repeated menaces on her head. 
. " Stop !" cried Sambo, "let us hear the judgment of the 

In obedience to his order they stayed their demon- 
strations of revenge, and contented themselves with casting 
angry glances at the girl, who had sunk down for rest, 
bespattered as she was with blood, upon the stony margin 
of the stream. 

Just below the village, the Rio Madeira, after being pent 
up between narrow confines, made its escape in a roaring 
cataract, which precipitated itself in a mighty volume to a 
depth of more than a hundred feet The sentence passed 

Aa 2 

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on Sarah was that she should be cast into the flood imme- 
diately above the point from which the rapid niade its 
start At the first dawn of morning she was to be tied to 
a canoe of bark, and left to the mercy of the current of the 

That the execution of the sentence was deferred till the 
morrow, was not for the purpose of giying respite to the 
condemned victim, but only that she might be reserved for 
a night of terror and alarm. 

The publication of the verdict was a signal for universal 
joy, and a frantic outburst of delight spread all around. 

The night was spent in the wildest orgies. The Indians 
became intoxicated with their draughts of burning brandy ; 
they danced in derisive revelry around the passive girl ; 
they rushed about with dishevelled hair, and scoured the 
wilderness around, waving aloft great flaming pine- 
branches. Thus they continued till the early twilight of 
the morning ; and thus, with yet frantic frenzy, they 
saluted the first rays of the rising sun. 

The fatal hour arrived, and no sooner was the girl 
liberated from the stake to which she had been secured, 
than a hundred arms were voluntarily outstretched to bear 
her to the scene of punishment The name of Martin Paz 
escaped her lips, and the outcry of hatred and revenge 
waxed louder than before. In order to reach the highest 
level of the stream, they had to clamber by the roughest 

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paths up the rocks that overhung the bed of the river, so 
that when she arrived Sarah was besprinkled once again 
with blood. They found the bark canoe in readiness at 
about a hundred yards above the waterfall, and having 
laid their prisoner down they lashed her in her place with 
cords that cut deeply into her very flesh. 

The cry of the multitude went up as the cry of one 
man, — " Vengeance ! " 

Whirling round and round, the canoe was carried rapidly 

At this moment, upon the opposite bank, were seen two 
men, Martin Paz and Don Vegal. 

"My daughter! my daughter!" shouted the father as he 
fell upon his knees. 

The canoe swept onwards nearer to the fall. Mounted 
upon a rock, Martin Paz unwound his long lasso, which 
whistled round his head, and at the very instant when the 
canoe was being sucked into the eddy of the cataract, the 
long leather lash was uncoiled, and caught the canoe in its 
sliding noose. 

"Death and destruction!" howled the horde of Indians, 
beside themselves with rage. 

Martin Paz raised his tall flgure to its fullest height, and 
gently drew the canoe, which had been hovering over the 
abyss, nearer and nearer to himself. 

Suddenly an arrow came whizzing through the air, and 

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Martin Paz, falling forwards into the frail bark that carried 
Sarah, was swallowed up with her in the whirlpool of the 

Within a moment another arrow had pierced Don 
Vegal's heart. 

It was bliss to Sarah to know that she and Martin Paz 
were joined in eternal nuptials, and the last thought of the 
maiden was that he was thus baptized into the faith which 
in her heart she loved. 

;end of martin PAZ. 


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